Hungarian parliamentary election, 1922

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Parliamentary elections were held in Hungary between 28 May and 2 June 1922.[1] The result was a victory for the Unity Party (a renamed National Smallholders and Agricultural Labourers Party),[2] which won 140 of the 245 seats in Parliament, the vast majority in "open" constituencies where there was no secret ballot.[2]

Electoral system[edit]

Prior to the election the United Party-led government changed the electoral system in order to ensure it retained its leading position.[2] This involved reintroducing open elections and restricting the electoral census. The reforms were passed by a decree by Prime Minister István Bethlen as Parliament had already been dissolved.

For the election the country was divided into 219 constituencies. Of these, 215 were single member constituencies and four multi-member constituencies. Within the 215 single member constituencies, only 20 were elected by secret ballot, the remainder (which were rural constituencies)[2] using open elections.[3] All four multi-member constituencies used secret ballots.[3]

Results[edit]

Party Open SMCs Secret SMCs MMCs Total
Votes[a] % Seats Votes[b] % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats +/–
Unity Party 585,551 53.1 133 26,765 19.6 6 10,885 2.8 1 623,201 38.2 140 +28
Hungarian Social Democratic Party 69,501 6.3 5 40,268 29.5 7 167,712 42.7 13 277,481 17.0 25 New
Andrássy-Friedrich Party 77,612 7.0 9 6,151 4.5 0 19,942 5.1 2 103,705 6.4 11 New
United National Democratic and Liberal Opposition 79,434 20.2 7 79,434 4.9 7 +1
Christian National Union Party 62,470 5.7 9 8,278 6.1 1 70,748 4.3 10 –72
Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party 61,266 5.6 4 5,427 4.0 1 66,693 4.1 5 New
Christian Socialist Party 48,653 4.4 5 4,212 3.1 0 12,460 3.2 1 65,235 4.0 6 +3
Alliance of Christian Unity 59,508 15.1 5 59,508 3.6 5 New
Independence and '48 Kossuth Party 23,795 2.2 1 5,674 4.2 0 3,751 1.0 0 33,220 2.0 1 +1
'48 Smallholders Party 26,972 2.4 2 26,972 1.7 2 New
National Civic Party 7,482 0.7 1 5,809 4.2 1 9,473 2.4 0 22,764 1.4 2 New
Christian Opposition 6,780 0.6 1 13,830 3.5 1 20,610 1.3 2 New
National Defence Party 4,644 0.4 0 3,423 0.9 0 8,067 0.5 0 0
Hungarian Workers' Party 7,768 0.7 1 7,768 0.5 1 0
Christian Agricultural Workers and Craftsmen Party 3,584 0.3 1 3,584 0.2 1 New
Liberal Opposition 2,929 0.3 1 2,929 0.2 1 New
National Democratic Party 1,944 1.4 1,944 0.1 0
Economic Policy Party 7,545 1.9 0 7,545 0.5 0 New
Christian National Party 3,547 0.9 0 3,547 0.2 0 –2
Hungarian National Socialist Bloc 1,423 0.4 0 1,423 0.1 0 0
Independents 113,673 10.3 22 32,163 23.5 4 145,836 8.9 26 +14
Invalid/blank votes 0 13,167
Total 1,102,680 100 195 136,691 100 20 406,100 100 30 1,632,304 100 245 +26
Registered voters/turnout 1,553,184 71.0 153,024 444,710 91.3 2,382,158
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

a The number of votes refers to only 170 of the 195 open single member constituencies, as the remaining 25 were uncontested.[3]

b The number of votes refers to only 12 of the 20 secret single member constituencies.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p899 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ a b c d Nohlen & Stöver, p876
  3. ^ a b c d Nohlen & Stöver, pp916-917