Hungarians in the United Kingdom
13,159 (2001 Census)
52,250 (2011 Census)
|Regions with significant populations|
|British English and Hungarian|
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Hungarians in the United Kingdom include Hungarian born immigrants to the UK and their descendants, of which there are a substantial number. Since Hungary joined the European Union in 2004, the UK's Hungarian population has grown significantly, with the Hungarian-born population rising from 13,000 in 2001 to 52,000 in 2011. Of the 52,000 in 2011 18,000 were living in London.
The first Hungarian student known by name to have matriculated at Oxford was one Nicolaus de Ungeria, and it is likely that he spent some time in London. Scores of Hungarian students came to study at English and Scottish universities, but the first to settle in London for good was János Bánffyhunyadi (1576–1646) in 1608. He dabbled in alchemy and became a lecturer in chemistry at Gresham College. Marrying an Englishwoman, he had a house in London which was often visited by his fellow countrymen passing through. In 1659, after a short spell in Oxford, Pál Jászberényi settled in London, where he opened a public school for the children of noblemen. He taught them Latin, using innovative techniques. One of the most resourceful scholars who made their home in the London of Pepys and Wren was János Mezolaki. He was teaching Latin and philosophy. He died as a patient of Bedlam, in 1693.
Many Hungarians (as with other displaced persons from Central Europe) came to Britain during and after World War II. Also, up to 200,000 Hungarians left after the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 and settled across other countries of the Western world, especially those forming the Western Bloc. This included refugees to the UK  such as the actor, Sandor Elès.
Since Hungary joined the European Union in 2004, the UK's Hungarian population has grown significantly. The Office for National Statistics estimates that, as of 2011, 48,000 Hungarian-born people were resident in the UK, compared to 13,159 at the time of the 2001 UK Census. Of the estimated 48,000 Hungarian-born in the UK in 2011, 42,000 were in England, 1,000 in Wales, 3,000 in Scotland and 2,000 in Northern Ireland. This estimate had increased to 50,000 in 2012.
According to the 2011 census there were 48,308 Hungarian-born residents in England and Wales. 17,803 were in London where they made up 0.22% of the population. Just 576 were in North East England, making up 0.02% of the population there. The Hungarian-born population in England and Wales was 0.5% of the population of Hungary. By comparison the Polish-born population of 579,121 was 1.5% of the population of Poland. The Polish-born population is more spread-out around England and Wales. 55% of the Hungarian-born population were in London and South East England, compared to 41% of the Polish-born population and 30% of the total population.
There were also 2,943 Hungarian-born residents in Scotland out of a total population of 5,295,403 (0.06%), and 999 Hungarian-born residents in Northern Ireland out of a total population of 1,810,863 (0.06%). This give a 2011 census total for the whole of the United Kingdom of 52,250, somewhat higher than the ONS estimate of 48,000.
Famous Hungarian immigrants and Britains of Hungarian origin
Literature and media
- Arthur Koestler (Kösztler Artur) (1905–1983) – novelist, journalist
- Mina Loy - artist, poet, playwright, novellist
- George Mikes (Mikes György) (1912–1987) – writer
- Baroness Emma Orczy (Orczy Emma) (1865–1947) – writer
- Stephen Parmenius (Budai Parmenius István) (1555–around 1583) – student, poet
- Egon Ronay (Rónay Egon) (1915–2010) – food critic
- Henrietta Seredy (Seredy Henrietta) – writer
- Petronella Wyatt - journalist
Musicians and performers
- Gábor Baraker (1926–1983) – actor
- Miki Berenyi – singer
- Oscar Deutsch (1893–1941) - founder of Odeon Cinemas
- Sandor Elès (1936–2002) – actor
- Justine Frischmann - artist, musician (Elastica)
- Stephen Fry – writer, actor
- Romola Garai - actress
- Leslie Howard (1893–1943) – actor
- Stephen Hubay (1932-2004) - actor
- Princess Julia (born Julia Fodor) - DJ, music writer
- Kerry Katona - singer
- Mark Knopfler - singer, songwriter (Dire Straits)
- Sir Alexander Korda (1893-1956) - producer, director
- Michael McIntyre - comedian
- Emeric Pressburger (1902–1988) – screenwriter, film director, producer
- Edina Ronay – fashion designer, former actress
- Steve Sarossy - actor
- Catherine Schell - actress
- Georgia Slowe – actress
- Sir George Solti (Solti György) (1912–1997) – conductor
- Rachel Weisz – actress
- Leo Amery (1873-1955) - Conservative Party politician
- Dennis Gabor, CBE, FRS (Gábor Dénes) (1900–1979) – Nobel prize winning physicist
- Ernő Goldfinger (1902–1987) – architect, furniture designer
- Nicholas Kurti, FRS (1908–1988) – physicist
- Imre Lakatos (1922–1974) – philosopher
- Michael Polanyi (Polányi Mihály) (1891–1976) – scientist, polymath
- Sir Marc Aurel Stein (Stein Aurél) (1862–1943) – orientalist
- A study of the history of Hungarian refugee movements over the 20th century
- "Hungary's 1956 brain drain"
- "Estimated population resident in the United Kingdom, by foreign country of birth (Table 1.3)". Office for National Statistics. 30 August 2012. Retrieved 11 December 2012.
- "Country-of-birth database". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Retrieved 2009-11-07.
- "Underlying datasheets for Population by Country of Birth and Nationality Datasheets, January 2011 - December 2011 (Table A)". Office for National Statistics. 30 August 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
- "Underlying datasheets for Population by Country of Birth and Nationality Datasheets, January 2012 - December 2012 (Table A)". Office for National Statistics. 29 August 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
- "Census 2011 - Country of birth (expanded)". Office for National Statistics. 26 March 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2013.
- "Scotland's Census 2011 - National Records of Scotland - Country of Birth (detailed)". National Records of Scotland. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- "Census 2011 - Country of Birth - Full Detail_QS206NI". Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. Retrieved 28 July 2013.
- Magyar életrajzi lexikon 1000-1990
- "IMDB:Miki Berenyi". Retrieved 2009-07-03.
- "Screenonline:Oscar Deutsch (1893 - 1941)". Retrieved 2009-07-03.
- Zakar, Dr. Andras: The Persecution of Jews in Hungary and the Catholic Church