Hungary–Romania relations

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Hungarian-Romanian relations
Map indicating locations of Hungary and Romania

Hungary

Romania

Hungarian-Romanian relations are foreign relations between Hungary and Romania. Relations between the two states date back from the Middle Ages. Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1920.

Bilateral relations[edit]

Hungary has an embassy in Bucharest, three general consulates (in Cluj-Napoca, Miercurea-Ciuc and Constanţa) and two honorary consulates (in Constanţa and Iaşi).[1] Romania has an embassy in Budapest and two general consulates (in Gyula and Szeged). The two countries share 443 km of common border. Both are full members of NATO and of the European Union.

Romania has developed strong relations with Hungary, with the latter playing a key role in supporting Romania's bid to join the EU.[citation needed] Romania's ethnic Hungarian party also participated in all the government coalitions between 1996 and 2008 and from 2009.[citation needed] In 1996, Romania signed and ratified a basic bilateral treaty with Hungary that settled outstanding disagreements, laying the foundation for closer, more cooperative relations.[citation needed]

Business[edit]

In 2012, the total amount of international trade between Romania and Hungary was 7.3 billion euro, of which exports from Romania were 2.4 billion euro, whereas exports from Hungary were 4.9 billion euro.[2] Hungary ranks as the third of Romania's trade partners, after Germany and Italy.[3]

MOL Group and OTP Bank, two of Hungary's largest companies,[4] are present in Romania since 2003 and 2004 respectively.[5][6] MOL Group operates (as of August 2013) a network of 138 fuel stations in Romania, which accounts for approximately 10 percent of the total network. OTP Bank has a widespread network of branches in Romania, with presence in every county.[7]

Wizz Air is a low-cost airline from Hungary, which operates flights from several airports in Romania (Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca, Târgu Mureş, Sibiu, Timişoara and Craiova) to various destinations in Europe.[8] It is the largest low-cost airline operating in Romania,[9] and in 2013 it carried 3.2 million passengers on its over 72 local routes.[10]

RCS & RDS, Romania's leading company in internet and cable and satellite television services, is arguably the second or third company on the television market in Hungary, with (as of August 2013) around 22.4 percent of market share.[11]

Sports[edit]

In ice hockey, teams from the two countries, as well as from Slovakia, compete in the MOL Liga. The competition was established in 2008 and comprises four teams from Hungary, two from Romania and one from Slovakia.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]