Hungnam

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Hungnam
Hungnam Fertilizer.jpg
Inside the Hungnam Fertilizer Complex by Ray Cunningham
Korean name
Chosŏn'gŭl
Hancha
Revised Romanization Heungnam-guyeok
McCune–Reischauer Hŭngnam-kuyŏk

Hŭngnam was the third largest city in North Korea.[1] It is a port city on the eastern coast, in South Hamgyong Province, on the Sea of Japan (East Sea of Korea). The city covers an area of 250 square kilometers.[citation needed] It is only eight miles from the slightly inland city of Hamhung. In 2005 it became a ward of Hamhung.

History[edit]

U.S. Navy and U.S. Army explosives teams destroy facilities and abandoned United Nations supplies in Hungnam on 24 December 1950, the last day of the amphibious evacuation of U.N. forces from Hungnam during the Korean War. The U.S. Navy high-speed transport USS Begor (APD-127) stands by in the foreground.


The port at Hŭngnam was the site of a major evacuation of both United Nations military and North Korean civilians during the Korean War in late December 1950. Approximately 100,000 troops and material and 100,000 civilians were loaded onto a variety of merchant ships and military transports totaling 193 shiploads over the weeks leading up to Christmas 1950, and were transported to safety in Pusan and other destinations in South Korea. The evacuation included 14,000 refugees who were transported on one ship, the SS Meredith Victory - the largest evacuation from land by a single ship. This was made possible by a declaration of national emergency by President Truman issued on 16 December 1950 with Presidential Proclamation No. 2914, 3 C.F.R. 99 (1953). This operation was the culmination of the Battle of Chosin Reservoir, in which the embattled UN troops fought their way out of a Chinese trap.

In late 2005, Hŭngnam was demoted from Hŭngnam-si (Hŭngnam City) to Hŭngnam-kuyok (Hŭngnam District) within Hamhung-si.[2]

Population[edit]

The population has been estimated at (variously) 200,000 or 450,000; the official North Korean population figure is 700,000 but this is disputed.[3]

Economy[edit]

The entrance of the February 8 Vinylon Complex by Ray Cunningham

The city is home to the Hungnam Fertilizer Complex, which has allegedly also been used to manufacture chemical weapons.[4] Other industrial facilities include the February 8 Vinylon Factory Complex. It is also home to Hungnam Chemical Engineering College.

Transport[edit]

Hungnam Station is on the Pyongra Line railway.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Largest cities in North Korea
  2. ^ "행정구역 개편 일지". NKChosun (Korean language site). Retrieved 2006-04-29. 
  3. ^ "Data on North Korea's population is scarce and unreliable." Nations Encyclopedia
  4. ^ "Weapons of Mass Destruction: Hungnam". Global Security.org. Retrieved 2006-01-24. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Hŭngnam at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 39°50′N 127°36′E / 39.833°N 127.600°E / 39.833; 127.600