Hunterian Society

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John Hunter

The Hunterian Society, founded in 1819 in honour of the Scottish surgeon John Hunter (1728–1793), is a society of physicians and dentists based in London.

Established by Dr William Cooke, a general practitioner, and Thomas Armiger, a surgeon, who both practiced in the City of London and the East End of London, the Society has devoted its activities for nearly two hundred years towards the pursuit of medical knowledge and learning. Meetings are always held over dinner, which precedes the subject for debate.

Between 1815 and 1828, Sir William Blizard (1743–1835), who was a former pupil of John Hunter, praised Hunter at the Royal College of Surgeons of England in three Hunterian Orations, and it is believed to be due to his influence that the new Society adopted the name 'Hunterian', rather than 'The London Medical and Physical Society', which was the name first proposed for it.

Blizard became the Society's first President and had the aim of keeping it within the Hunterian tradition. In an oration of 1826, he said: "May the honoured name of Hunter ever have a magic influence on the minds of its members".

The Society promotes an annual oration and awards an annual medal.

Hunterian Society Oration[edit]

According to the rules of the society: "The Annual Oration, to be called the Hunterian Society Oration, shall be delivered by the Orator for the current session, at a Meeting of the Society. The primary purpose of the Oration is to Commemorate the life and work of John Hunter, as also of his brother William Hunter, and to set forth the influence of the Hunterian example and tradition in the development of the science and art of Medicine. This tradition includes exact observation, experiment, and the application of anatomical and physiological science, human and comparative, to practical Medicine. It is not intended to exclude from the scope of the Annual Oration topics bearing upon the History of Medicine, and upon the relation of Medicine to other sciences and to human life in its widest sense, as well as other topics which cannot suitably be made the subject of an ordinary medical communication"..

Not to be confused with the Hunterian oration at the Royal College of Surgeons of England.

Source of names 1826-1907 : Hunterian Society [1]

  • 2011: Timothy Martin Cox [2]
  • 2010: Michael Crumplin, John Hunter and Medical Aspects of the Peninsular War
  • 2009: Sir Bruce Keogh
  • 2008: Richard Ramsden [3]
  • 2007: John Greenspan [4]
  • 2005: Barry M. Jones, Facial Aesthetic Surgery: The use of scientific principles to optimise outcome and limit risk.
  • 2004: W. Randolph Chitwood, Robotic Cardiac Surgery - In John Hunter's Shadow
  • 2000: Paul Michael Aichroth [5]
  • 1999: Anthony William Goode [6]
  • 1994: Josephine Barnes [7]
  • 1992: John Kirkup, John Hunter's Surgical Instruments and Surgical Procedures [8]
  • 1986: Douglas Woolf [9]
  • 1977: S. Pasmore, John Hunter in Kensington
  • 1959: Sir Arthur Porritt, John Hunter's Women [10]
  • 1954: Sir Gordon Gordon-Taylor [11]
  • 1952: George Day, P.P.S. : Pneuma, Psyche, and Soma [12]
  • 1950: Daniel T. Davies, John Hunter, the Man and his Message
  • 1948: William Sydney Charles Copeman
  • 1947: Lord Horder, The Hunterian Tradition [13]
  • 1939: Cedric Lane-Roberts, A Plea for the Woman in Gynaecology and Obstetrics [14]
  • 1937: Lord Horder, Hunter, the great Researcher [15]
  • 1936: Sir G. Lenthal Cheatle, John Hunter's Time and Our Own Time
  • 1935: John Eyre, Undulant Fever; A Retrospect
  • 1934: Basil T. Parsons-Smith, Cardiac Failure in the 18th Century and its Modern Conception [16]
  • 1930: J. Campbell McLure, Psychology and the Practice of Medicine [17]
  • 1928: Howard Atwood Kelly 200th Anniversary of Birth of John Hunter.[18]
  • 1928: Anthony Feiling, Sciatica: its varieties and Treatments [19]
  • 1927: Girling Ball, The Value of Modern Methods of Investigation in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Haematuria
  • 1926: George Newman, The Private Practitioner as Pioneer in Preventive Medicine
  • 1925: H. Letheby Tidy, On the Haemorrhagic Diathesis: Angio-Staxis [20]
  • 1923: Herbert William Carson, The Evolution of the Modern Treatment of Septic Peritonitis [21]
  • 1922: Theodore Thompson, Upon Alimentary Toxaemia in Nervous Disorders [22]
  • 1921: Sir Henry H. Bashford, The Ideal Element in Medicine, Illustrated by the Life of John Hunter. [23]
  • 1920: Leonard Hill, On Blood Vessels and Pressure [24]
  • 1918: Oliver K. Williamson, On the Symptoms Which Precede and are Associated with General Arterio-Sclerosis [25]
  • 1918?: Edward W Goodall, On Serum Sickness [26]
  • 1917: W. Langdon Brown, On the Hunterian Tradition in Cardiac Research [27]
  • 1915: Henry Russell Andrews, William Hunter and his Work in Midwifery [28]
  • 1912: Thomas Oliver Lyon, The Care of Consumptives. A Review and a Forecast.[29]
  • 1911: James H. Sequera, On the Progress of Dermatology since Hunter's Time [30]
  • 1910: R. Fortescue Fox, On some Principals in the Treatment of Chronic Disease [31]
  • 1909:
  • 1907: Lauriston Elgie Shaw
  • 1906: Alfred Herbert Tubby, Recent Surgical Methods in the Treatment of Certain Types of Paralysis [32]
  • 1905: Francis Rowland Humphreys, Excretion, more Especially in regard to Vicarious Excretion in Bright's Disease
  • 1904: John Francis Woods, On the Psychic Side of Therapeutics [33]
  • 1903: Thomas Horrocks Openshaw
  • 1902: Arthur Templar Davies, On Organo-Therapy [34]
  • 1901: John Poland, A Retrospect of Surgery During the Past Century [35]
  • 1900: Frederick John Smith, On then and now ; or, the Influence of Modern Surgery upon Medical Practice [36]
  • 1899: Sir Hugh Reeve Beevor, 5th Baronet, On the Declension of Phthisis (Pulmonary Tuberculosis) [37]
  • 1898: Peter Horrocks
  • 1897: Richard Kingston Fox, William Hunter, Anatomist, Physician, Obstetrician [38]
  • 1896: George Newton Pitt, Reflections on John Hunter as a Physician and on his Relation to the Medical Societies of the Last Century[39]
  • 1895: Sir Patrick Manson
  • 1894: James Dundas Grant
  • 1893: John Sell Edmund Cotton
  • 1892: Charters James Symonds [40]
  • 1891: Fletcher Beach, Psychological Medicine in John Hunter's Time and the Progress it has Since Made [41]
  • 1890: Sir Stephen Mackenzie
  • 1889: George Ernest Herman
  • 1888: Richard Clement Lucas, On the life-work of John Hunter and his Influence on Surgery [42]
  • 1887: Alfred Lewis Galabin, The Etiology of Puerperal Fever[43]
  • 1886: Sir Andrew Clark, 1st Baronet
  • 1885: James Edward Adams
  • 1884: Francis Charlewood Turner
  • 1883: Edward Gillette Gilbert
  • 1882: Robert Fowler, The attributes, professional and social, of the so-called "Family Doctor"
  • 1881: Alfred Henry Smee
  • 1880: Philip Henry Pye-Smith
  • 1879: Walter Rivington
  • 1878: Peter Lodwick Burchell, A Brief Sketch of the Ancient History of Medicine [44]
  • 1877: Walter Moxon
  • 1876: Henry Gawen Sutton
  • 1875: Henry Gervis
  • 1874: John Couper
  • 1873: Arthur Edward Durham
  • 1872: John Hughlings Jackson, The Physiological Aspects of Education [45]
  • 1871: Thomas Boor Crosby, Modern Medicine: has it kept pace in advancement with the times?
  • 1870: Thomas Bryant on Drugs and their Uses [46]
  • 1869: Henry Isaac Fotherby
  • 1868: John Braxton Hicks
  • 1867: William Sedgwick Saunders
  • 1866: Dennis de Berdt Hovell
  • 1865: Jonathan Hutchinson, The Advance of Physic [47]
  • 1864: John Jackson
  • 1863: Robert Barnes
  • 1862: Thomas Bevill Peacock
  • 1861: Sir William Withey Gull
  • 1860: Stephen Henry Ward
  • 1859: Alfred Smee
  • 1858: William Munk
  • 1857: Henry Oldham
  • 1856: Thomas Calloway, jnr [48]
  • 1855: Joseph Ridge
  • 1854: George Owen Rees
  • 1853: Thomas Mee Daldy
  • 1852: William James Little
  • 1851: John Charles Weaver Lever
  • 1850: George Critchett
  • 1849: James Risdon Bennett
  • 1848: Thomas Blizard Curling
  • 1847: George Hilaro Barlow
  • 1846: John Adams
  • 1845: John Thomson
  • 1844: John Hilton
  • 1843: Francis Henry Ramsbotham
  • 1842: Samuel Solly
  • 1841: Samuel Ashwell
  • 1840: Thomas Bell
  • 1839: William Cooke, Minds and the Emotions considered in relation to Health
  • 1838: William Coulson
  • 1837: Benjamin Guy Babington
  • 1838: Bransby Blake Cooper
  • 1832: Archibald Billing
  • 1831: Charles Aston Key
  • 1830: John Tricker Conquest
  • 1829: Benjamin Travers
  • 1828: Benjamin Robinson
  • 1827: William Babington
  • 1826: Sir William Blizard Inaugural Oration

Hunterian Society medal[edit]

The gold medal has been awarded annually since 1932 for the best essay on a subject selected by the society.

The silver medal has been awarded since 1908 for the best essay by a general practitioner which embodied the results of his own investigations on the subject of medicine, surgery or midwifery.

The Society gives an annual prize, which is awarded for a presentation on a subject connected to the history of medicine, which "...may be modern but should have a Hunterian flavour". The Award is of £1,000, a medal and one year's membership of the Society.[49]

Hunterian Prize winners:

  • 2012 - Ian Alberts
  • 2013 - Hutan Ashrafian
  • 2014 - Emma Stapleton

Presidents[edit]

Source for 1819-1906: Hunterian Society [50]

  • 2013 Sue Weir
  • 2012 Prokar Dasgupta
  • 2011 Ian Stephen
  • 2010 Richard Cory-Pearce
  • 2009–2011 Nicholas Cambridge
  • 2006–2007 Stephen Challacombe [51]
  • 1979–1980 Douglas Langton Woolf
  • 1961 Sir Cecil Wakeley [52]
  • 1951 Arthur Espie Porritt Porritt, Baron Porritt Abreast of the Times [53]
  • 1945–1946 Albert Edward Mortimer Woolf [54]
  • 1926–1928 Albert Edward Mortimer Woolf [54]
  • 1915 William Henry Kelson
  • 1906 John Poland
  • 1904–1906 Frederick John Smith
  • 1903–1904 Stephen Herbert Appleford
  • 1902–1904 Alfred Lewis Galabin
  • 1900–1903 James Dundas Grant
  • 1898–1900 John Sell Edmund Cotman
  • 1896–1898 George Ernest Herman
  • 1894-1896 Charters James Symonds
  • 1892–1894 Frederick Gordon Brown
  • 1890–1892 Sir Stephen Mackenzie
  • 1888–1890 Richard Clement Lucas
  • 1887–1888 Henry Gervis
  • 1886–1887 Francis Mead Corner
  • 1885–1886 Philip Henry Pye-Smith
  • 1884–1885 Robert Fowler
  • 1883–1884 Walter Rivington
  • 1882–1883 John Hughlings Jackson
  • 1881–1882 Peter Lodwick Burchell [55]
  • 1880–1881 John Couper
  • 1879–1880 John Braxton Hicks
  • 1878–1879 Sir Thomas Boor Crosby
  • 1877–1878 Arthur Edward Durham
  • 1876–1877 Henry Isaac Fotherby
  • 1875–1876 William Sedgwick Saunders
  • 1874–1875 Robert Barnes
  • 1873–1874 Thomas Bryant
  • 1872–1873 Herbert Davies
  • 1871–1872 Dennis de Berdt Hovall
  • 1869–1871 Jonathan Hutchinson
  • 1868–1869 Thomas Bevill Peacock
  • 1867–1868 John Jackson
  • 1866–1867 Stephen Henry Ward
  • 1865–1866 Alfred Smee
  • 1863–1865 Thomas Mee Dalby
  • 1861–1863 George Critchett
  • 1860–1861 Sir James Risdon Bennett
  • 1859–1860 D. Henry Walne
  • 1858–1859 William James Little
  • 1857–1858 Samuel Solly
  • 1856–1857 George Hilary Barlow
  • 1855–1856 Thomas Blizard Curling
  • 1854–1855 John Charles Weaver Lever
  • 1853–1854 John Hilton
  • 1852–1853 Henry Greenwood
  • 1851–1852 John Adams
  • 1850–1851 H. Marshall Hughes
  • 1849–1850 Edward Cock
  • 1848–1849 Francis Henry Ramsbotham
  • 1847–1848 Gilbert Wakefield Mackmurdo
  • 1845–1847 Richard Bright
  • 1843–1845 James Luke
  • 1841–1843 William Cooke
  • 1839–1841 John Scott
  • 1838–1838 John Whiting
  • 1836–1838 Bransby Blake Cooper
  • 1834–1836 Benjamin Guy Babington
  • 1832–1834 Charles Aston Key
  • 1830–1832 Thomas Calloway
  • 1828–1830 Archibald Billing
  • 1826–1828 Sir Benjamin Travers
  • 1824–1826 William Babington
  • 1822–1824 Benjamin Robinson
  • 1819–1822 Sir William Blizard (first president)
  • Christopher Wastell
  • K.M.N. Kunzru
  • David White Findlay
  • Jeffrey Rosenberg

Bibliography[edit]

  • Findlay, David W. (ed.) The Hunterian Society - a catalogue of its records and collections relating to John Hunter and the Hunterian Tradition with a history of the society (London: The Hunterian Society, 1990)

References[edit]

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  6. ^ "Prof Anthony Goode". Debrett's. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  7. ^ Haines, Catherine. International Women in Science: A Biographical Dictionary to 1950. 
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  14. ^ "The Lancet Volume 233, Issue 6027, 4 March 1939, Pages 491–496". Science Direct. Retrieved 2012-10-25. 
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  21. ^ Carson, H. W. (1923). "The Evolution of the Modern Treatment of Septic Peritonitis". The Lancet 201 (5203): 1035–1038. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(01)14971-8.  edit
  22. ^ "The Hunterian Oration UPON ALIMENTARY TOXÆMIA IN NERVOUS DISORDERS". The Lancet 199 (5152): 1031–1034. 1922. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(01)33179-3.  edit
  23. ^ BMJ http://www.bmj.com/content/1/3136/214.full.pdf |url= missing title (help). Retrieved 26 August 2010. 
  24. ^ "Hunterian Oration ON BLOOD VESSELS AND PRESSURE". The Lancet 195 (5033): 359–366. 1920. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(00)55429-4.  edit
  25. ^ "ABSTRACT OF an Address ON THE SYMPTOMS WHICH PRECEDE AND ARE ASSOCIATED WITH GENERAL ARTERIO - SCLEROSIS". The Lancet 191 (4940): 627–630. 1918. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(01)26253-9.  edit
  26. ^ Goodall, E. W. (1918). "A Clinical Address ON SERUM SICKNESS". The Lancet 191 (4931): 323–327. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(00)95918-X.  edit
  27. ^ Brown, W. L. (1917). "ABSTRACT OF an Address ON THE HUNTERIAN TRADITION IN CARDIAC RESEARCH". The Lancet 189 (4878): 291–294. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(01)48010-X.  edit
  28. ^ "William Hunter and his Work in Midwifery". BMJ. Retrieved 24 August 2010. 
  29. ^ Glover Lyon, T. (1912). "The Care of Consumptives. A Review and a Forecast". The Lancet 180 (4646): 755–757. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(01)55946-2.  edit
  30. ^ "An Address ON THE PROGRESS OF DERMATOLOGY SINCE HUNTer's TIME". The Lancet 177 (4580): 1555–1560. 1911. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(00)78270-5.  edit
  31. ^ Fox, R. F. (1910). "ABSTRACT OF the Hunterian Oration ON SOME PRINCIPLES IN THE TREATMENT OF CHRONIC DISEASE". The Lancet 175 (4521): 1115–1119. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(01)14181-4.  edit
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  33. ^ Woods, J. F. (1904). "ABSTRACT OF an Address ON THE PSYCHIC SIDE OF THERAPEUTICS". The Lancet 163 (4199): 489–492. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(01)87631-5.  edit
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  41. ^ "Abstract of the Oration of the Hunterian Society for 1891, on Psychological Medicine in John Hunter's Time and the Progress It Has Since Made". The Lancet 137 (3521): 415–417. 1891. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(02)17933-5.  edit
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  49. ^ The Hunterian Society Medal and Scholarship at hunteriansociety.org.uk
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  54. ^ a b "The Hunterian Society". Retrieved 2012-10-25. 
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