Huntingdonshire

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Huntingdonshire District
Non-metropolitan district
Flag of Huntingdonshire.svg
Flag
Huntingdonshire shown within Cambridgeshire
Huntingdonshire shown within Cambridgeshire
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region East of England
Non-metropolitan county Cambridgeshire
Status Non-metropolitan district
Admin HQ Huntingdon
Incorporated 1 April 1974
Government
 • Type Non-metropolitan district council
 • Body Huntingdonshire District Council
 • Leadership Leader & Cabinet (Conservative)
 • MPs Jonathan Djanogly
Shailesh Vara
Area
 • Total 352.3 sq mi (912.5 km2)
Area rank 35th (of 326)
Population (2011 est.)
 • Total 170,000
 • Rank 104th (of 326)
 • Density 480/sq mi (190/km2)
 • Ethnicity 94.6% White
1.8% S.Asian
1.3% Black
1.4% Mixed Race
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
ONS code 12UE (ONS)
E07000011 (GSS)
OS grid reference TL1900381334
Website www.huntsdc.gov.uk

Huntingdonshire (/ˈhʌntɪŋdənʃər/ or /ˈhʌntɪŋdənʃɪər/; abbreviated Hunts) is a historic county of England covering the area around Huntingdon, St Ives, Godmanchester, St Neots and Ramsey. Between 1889 and 1965 it formed an administrative county. Since 1974 it has been administered as a non-metropolitan district within the non-metropolitan county of Cambridgeshire.

History[edit]

The area corresponding to modern Huntingdonshire was first delimited in Saxon times, and the modern boundaries have remained largely unchanged since the 10th century.

Status[edit]

Map of Huntingdonshire, 1824

In 1889, under the Local Government Act 1888 Huntingdonshire became an administrative county, with the new County Council taking over administrative functions from the Quarter Sessions. The area in the north of the county forming part of the municipal borough of Peterborough became instead part of the Soke of Peterborough administrative county, in Northamptonshire.

In 1965, under a recommendation of the Local Government Commission for England, it was merged with the Soke of Peterborough to form Huntingdon and Peterborough - the Lieutenancy county was also merged. Also at this time St Neots expanded westward over the river into Eaton Ford and Eaton Socon in Bedfordshire.

In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, Huntingdon and Peterborough merged with Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely to form the new non-metropolitan county of Cambridgeshire. A Huntingdon district was created based closely on the former administrative county borders, with the exclusion of the Old Fletton urban district became part of the Peterborough district, as did that part of Norman Cross Rural District in Peterborough New Town.

The district was renamed Huntingdonshire on 1 October 1984, by resolution of the district council.[1]

Original historical documents relating to Huntingdonshire are held by Cambridgeshire Archives and Local Studies at the County Record Office in Huntingdon.

Revival of county[edit]

Huntingdonshire
HuntingdonshireHuntingdonshire
Ancient and 1889 extent of Huntingdonshire
Area
 - 1831 241,690 acres (978.1 km2)[2]
 - 1961 233,985 acres (946.90 km2)[3]
Population
 - 1911 55,577[3]
 - 1961 79,924[3]
Density
 - 1911 0.24/acre
 - 1961 0.34/acre
History
 - Origin Historic
 - Created In antiquity
 - Succeeded by Huntingdon and Peterborough
Status Administrative county (1889-1965)
Ceremonial county (until 1965)
Chapman code HUN
Government Huntingdonshire County Council (1889-1965)
 - HQ Huntingdon
Arms of the former Huntingdonshire County Council
Arms of Huntingdonshire County Council

The Local Government Commission considered in the 1990s the case for making a Huntingdonshire unitary authority as part of a general structural review of English local government, that led to unitary authorities in two other English counties that had been wiped from the map: Rutland and Herefordshire.

The Draft Recommendations envisaged three possible scenarios for structural change in Cambridgeshire: the preferred option and the third option had a unitary Huntingdonshire, whilst the second option would have seen Huntingdonshire combine with Peterborough and Fenland to form a "Peterborough and Huntingdonshire" unitary authority. The Final Recommendations of the Commission for Cambridgeshire recommended no change in the status quo in Cambridgeshire.[4] The districts of Peterborough and Huntingdonshire were referred back to the commission for a reconsideration in 1995. The commission recommended the creation of a Peterborough unitary authority, but proposed that Huntingdonshire remain part of the shire county of Cambridgeshire, noting that "there was no exceptional county allegiance to Huntingdonshire, as had been perceived in Rutland and Herefordshire".[5]

David McKie writing in the Guardian noted that "Writers-in demanded an independent Huntingdon; but MORI's more broadly-based poll showed that most Huntingdonians - that is, most of John Major's electors - were content to stay part of Cambridgeshire."[6]

After the failure of Huntingdonshire to become a unitary authority, a Huntingdonshire Society was set up to promote awareness of Huntingdonshire as a historic county, and to campaign for its reinstatement as an administrative and ceremonial entity. In 2002 it established an annual "Huntingdonshire Day" on 25 April, the birthday of Oliver Cromwell.[7][8]

Sports[edit]

Huntingdonshire is the birthplace of bandy, now an IOC accepted sport.[9] According to documents from 1813, Bury Fen Bandy Club was undefeated for 100 years. A member of the club, Charles Tebbutt, wrote down the 1st official rules in 1882 and helped spread the popularity of the sport to many countries.[10] Huntingdonshire County Cricket Club is considered one of the 20 Minor counties of English and Welsh cricket, even though it has never played within the Minor Counties Championship it has its own individual Cricket Board and played in the English domestic one-day competition, between the years 1999 and 2003.

Towns and villages[edit]

Major towns[edit]

Smaller towns and villages[edit]

Famous people associated with Huntingdonshire[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Name change. The Times. 27 April 1984
  2. ^ 1831 Census cited in Vision of Britain - Ancient county data
  3. ^ a b c Vision of Britain - Huntingdonshire population (area and density)
  4. ^ Local Government Commission for England. Final Recommendations for the Future Local Government of Cambridgeshire. October 1994.
  5. ^ Local Government Commission for England. Final Recommendations on the Future Local Government of: Basildon & Thurrock, Blackburn & Blackpool, Broxtowe, Gedling & Rushcliffe, Dartford & Gravesham, Gillingham & Rochester upon Medway, Exeter, Gloucester, Halton & Warrington, Huntingdonshire & Peterborough, Northampton, Norwich, Spelthorne and the Wrekin. December 1995.
  6. ^ Commentary:Hatred of Harlow and bad thoughts about Basildon : David McKie - 31 October 1994. The Guardian
  7. ^ And you're from where? The Times. 20 April 2002.
  8. ^ Cromwell's own county. The Daily Telegraph. 19 June 2004.
  9. ^ http://www.internationalbandy.com/viewNavMenu.do?menuID=4 internationalbrandy.com
  10. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/cambridgeshire/content/articles/2006/02/15/bandy_sport_feature.shtml bbc.co.uk

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°25′N 0°15′W / 52.417°N 0.250°W / 52.417; -0.250