Huntington, Oregon

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Huntington, Oregon
City
Looking North from Huntington
Looking North from Huntington
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 44°21′1″N 117°15′56″W / 44.35028°N 117.26556°W / 44.35028; -117.26556Coordinates: 44°21′1″N 117°15′56″W / 44.35028°N 117.26556°W / 44.35028; -117.26556
Country United States
State Oregon
County Baker
Incorporated 1891
Government
 • Mayor Travis Young
Area[1]
 • Total 0.75 sq mi (1.94 km2)
 • Land 0.75 sq mi (1.94 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 2,119 ft (646 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 440
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 434
 • Density 586.7/sq mi (226.5/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97907
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-35700[4]
GNIS feature ID 1122160[5]

Huntington is a city in Baker County, on the eastern border of Oregon, United States. It is located on the Snake River and along Interstate 84 and U.S. Route 30. The population was 440 at the 2010 census, down from 515 in 2000.

History[edit]

Henry Miller settled in the area in August 1862. In 1870, Miller's Stagecoach Station was established[citation needed] before the coming of the Oregon Railway and Navigation Company rail line in 1884, and was platted in 1885 or 1886.[6] It soon became the primary shipping point for the cattle country to the south. Miller built the Stage Tavern, known for many years as "Miller Station". It was on the overland route that had been established in the valley, and had become well known to all who traveled in pioneer days.[7] According to Oregon Geographic Names, Huntington was named for J.B. and J.M. Huntington, brothers who purchased Miller's holdings in 1882.

The Huntingtons maintained a small trading post on their land.[citation needed] In 1884, the rails of the Oregon Short Line and the Oregon Railroad and Navigation Company line were joined in Huntington.[8][9] Since that time, Huntington has been an important railway division point.[8] With the advent of the railroad came J.T. Fifer, who had been selling general merchandise to the construction crews moving his goods from town to town as the work progressed. Shortly after Fifer arrived, the Huntingtons closed up, leaving him alone in the general merchandise business.[citation needed] The Oregon Construction Company followed soon, with a stock of general merchandise, a blacksmith shop, the Pacific Hotel, several boarding houses and restaurants and a number of saloons.

In 1898, the Northwest Railroad Company began extending a short line down the Snake River. It reached Homestead about 1910. This increased transportation at Huntington and gave an outlet for Eagle and Pine Valley fruits, cattle, lumber and ore. This line was flooded by water from Brownlee Dam.[citation needed] Huntington became the only incorporated city in Baker County on the Oregon Trail in 1891 with Home Rule Law.[10]

Remnants of the Old Oregon Trail can still be seen today when one is traveling north from Farewell Bend State Recreation Area toward the town of Huntington on U.S. Route 30.[10]

Evidence of the hardships and tragedies of the pioneer movement still exists: a small iron cross, visible from Route 30, marks the location where Snake River Shoshone Indians killed a number of emigrants in 1860.[10]

At the turn of the century, Huntington developed a reputation as "Sin City", a rugged frontier town having its share of saloons, Chinese opium dens, and gunslingers.[10]

Governor Oswald West was motivated to clean up the city, along with the community of Copperfield, in 1912-1914.[10]

The first ransom bill from the 1935 George Weyerhaeuser Kidnapping turned up in Huntington.[11]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.75 square miles (1.94 km2), all of it land.[1] Huntington is across the Snake River from the westernmost point of Idaho.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Huntington, Oregon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 69
(21)
68
(20)
83
(28)
94
(34)
104
(40)
108
(42)
113
(45)
115
(46)
106
(41)
94
(34)
80
(27)
71
(22)
115
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 36.8
(2.7)
44.1
(6.7)
55.2
(12.9)
65.3
(18.5)
74.7
(23.7)
83.3
(28.5)
94.2
(34.6)
92.4
(33.6)
80.9
(27.2)
67.1
(19.5)
49.8
(9.9)
38.8
(3.8)
65.2
(18.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 28.3
(−2.1)
34.5
(1.4)
43.6
(6.4)
52.0
(11.1)
60.9
(16.1)
69.2
(20.7)
79.0
(26.1)
77.0
(25)
65.6
(18.7)
52.7
(11.5)
38.9
(3.8)
30.3
(−0.9)
52.67
(11.48)
Average low °F (°C) 20.0
(−6.7)
24.9
(−3.9)
31.9
(−0.1)
38.7
(3.7)
47.1
(8.4)
55.2
(12.9)
64.0
(17.8)
61.5
(16.4)
50.1
(10.1)
38.4
(3.6)
28.2
(−2.1)
22.0
(−5.6)
40.2
(4.6)
Record low °F (°C) −19
(−28)
−19
(−28)
5
(−15)
12
(−11)
10
(−12)
28
(−2)
40
(4)
31
(−1)
27
(−3)
14
(−10)
−8
(−22)
−17
(−27)
−19
(−28)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.73
(43.9)
1.47
(37.3)
1.14
(29)
0.85
(21.6)
1.00
(25.4)
0.85
(21.6)
0.34
(8.6)
0.38
(9.7)
0.45
(11.4)
0.70
(17.8)
1.47
(37.3)
1.82
(46.2)
12.19
(309.6)
Snowfall inches (cm) 11.5
(29.2)
4.7
(11.9)
1.0
(2.5)
0.1
(0.3)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
2.3
(5.8)
8.1
(20.6)
27.6
(70.1)
Avg. precipitation days 9 8 7 6 6 5 2 2 3 4 8 9 68
Source: [12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 200
1890 321 60.5%
1900 821 155.8%
1910 680 −17.2%
1920 666 −2.1%
1930 803 20.6%
1940 741 −7.7%
1950 733 −1.1%
1960 689 −6.0%
1970 507 −26.4%
1980 539 6.3%
1990 522 −3.2%
2000 515 −1.3%
2010 440 −14.6%
source:[13]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 440 people, 211 households, and 112 families residing in the city. The population density was 586.7 inhabitants per square mile (226.5/km2). There were 272 housing units at an average density of 362.7 per square mile (140.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.3% White, 0.2% African American, 3.9% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population.

There were 211 households of which 16.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.2% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 46.9% were non-families. 38.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.78.

The median age in the city was 54 years. 16.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 16% were from 25 to 44; 30.7% were from 45 to 64; and 30.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.8% male and 48.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 515 people, 232 households, and 150 families residing in the city. The population density was 700.8 people per square mile (272.4/km²). There were 301 housing units at an average density of 409.6 per square mile (159.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.67% White, 0.39% African American, 0.97% Native American, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.14% of the population.

There were 232 households out of which 21.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.73.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 21.6% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 23.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 113.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,132, and the median income for a family was $30,781. Males had a median income of $27,500 versus $22,083 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,396. About 10.7% of families and 17.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.8% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Points of interest[edit]

The Oregon Commercial Company Building, an NRHP site in Huntington

Farewell Bend State Recreation Area is south of Huntington.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Bailey, Barbara Ruth (1982). Main Street: Northeastern Oregon. Oregon Historical Society. p. 46. ISBN 0-87595-073-6. 
  7. ^ "Huntington, Oregon". oregoncities.com. Retrieved 2006-11-28. 
  8. ^ a b "A 1940 Journey Across Oregon". Oregon State Archives. Retrieved 2006-11-28. 
  9. ^ Bailey, Barbara Ruth (1982). Main Street: Northeastern Oregon. Oregon Historical Society. p. 32. ISBN 0-87595-073-6. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "Welcome to Huntington, Oregon". Retrieved 2006-11-28. 
  11. ^ "Harmon and Margaret Waley, two kidnappers of George Weyerhaeuser, are captured in Salt Lake City on June 8, 1935.". HistoryLink.org. Retrieved 2006-11-28. 
  12. ^ "Huntington, Oregon". Retrieved April 1, 2011. 
  13. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 211.
  14. ^ Huntington High School

External links[edit]