Walker County, Texas

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Walker County, Texas
Walker county tx courthouse 2014.jpg
Walker County Courthouse
Map of Texas highlighting Walker County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1846
Named for Samuel H. Walker
Seat Huntsville
Largest city Huntsville
Area
 • Total 802 sq mi (2,077 km2)
 • Land 784 sq mi (2,031 km2)
 • Water 17 sq mi (44 km2), 2.2%
Population
 • (2010) 67,861
 • Density 86/sq mi (33.3/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.walker.tx.us

Walker County is a county located in the US state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 67,861.[1] Its county seat is Huntsville.[2] Initially, Walker County was named for Robert J. Walker, a legislator from Mississippi who introduced into the United States Congress the resolution to annex Texas. However, Walker later supported the Union during the Civil War; thus, in order to keep the county's name from being changed, it was renamed for Samuel H. Walker, a Texas Ranger and soldier in the American Army.

Walker County is part of the Huntsville, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area as well as the HoustonThe Woodlands, TX Combined Statistical Area.

James Mitchell (1795–1870) and his wife, the former Calpernia Franklin (1805–1865), came to the future Walker County under a Mexican land grant in 1833. Mitchell, who became one of the first county commissioneers, established the Mitchell House and Inn on the Old San Antonio Road, also known as El Camino Real. During the 1840s, the house was a stop for weary stagecoach travelers.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 802 square miles (2,080 km2), of which 784 square miles (2,030 km2) is land and 17 square miles (44 km2) (2.2%) is water.[4]

Major Highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 3,964
1860 8,191 106.6%
1870 9,766 19.2%
1880 12,024 23.1%
1890 12,874 7.1%
1900 15,813 22.8%
1910 16,061 1.6%
1920 18,556 15.5%
1930 18,528 −0.2%
1940 19,868 7.2%
1950 20,163 1.5%
1960 21,475 6.5%
1970 27,680 28.9%
1980 41,789 51.0%
1990 50,917 21.8%
2000 61,758 21.3%
2010 67,861 9.9%
Est. 2012 68,408 0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1850-2010[6]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 61,758 people, 18,303 households, and 11,384 families residing in the county. The population density was 78 people per square mile (30/km²). There were 21,099 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 69.12% White, 23.88% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 4.42% from other races, and 1.41% from two or more races. 14.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 18,303 households out of which 28.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.80% were married couples living together, 11.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.80% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 18.00% under the age of 18, 23.00% from 18 to 24, 31.10% from 25 to 44, 18.90% from 45 to 64, and 8.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 151.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 161.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,468, and the median income for a family was $42,589. Males had a median income of $27,634 versus $22,579 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,508. About 10.60% of families and 18.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.10% of those under age 18 and 13.40% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Sam Houston State University is located in Huntsville.

School districts serving portions of the county include:[8]

The Gulf Coast Trades Center, a charter school, is in an unincorporated area of the county.[8][9]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Ellis Unit, a prison in unincorporated Walker County

The headquarters of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ), the Texas agency that operates adult state correctional facilities, are in Huntsville.[10][11]

Walker County has the highest number of state prisons and jails of all of the counties in Texas.[12] Several TDCJ prisons for men, including the Byrd Unit,[13] the Goree Unit,[14] the Huntsville Unit,[15] and the Wynne Unit, are in the Huntsville city limits.[16] The Holliday Unit, a transfer unit, is in Huntsville.[17] In addition the Ellis Unit and the Estelle Unit are in unincorporated areas of Walker County.[18][19] The Huntsville Unit houses the State of Texas execution chamber.[20]

Communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 29, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Texas Historical Marker east of Caldwell
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 29, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved December 29, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  8. ^ a b "Education Service Center, Region VI." (Map) Educational Service Center 6. Retrieved December 8, 2011.
  9. ^ "We can be reached at:" Gulf Coast Trades Center. Retrieved December 8, 2011. "Gulf Coast Trades Center / Raven School 143 Forest Service Rd. 233 New Waverly, TX 77358"
  10. ^ "Huntsville Prison Blues." National Public Radio. September 10, 2001. Retrieved December 2, 2009.
  11. ^ "LIVINGSTON NAMED EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF STATE’S CRIMINAL JUSTICE AGENCY." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. July 28, 2005. Retrieved December 2, 2009.
  12. ^ Horswell, Cindy. "For hard-hit economy of Liberty County, crime officially pays." Houston Chronicle. Thursday June 29, 1995. A30. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  13. ^ "Byrd Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
  14. ^ "Goree Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
  15. ^ "Huntsville Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
  16. ^ "Wynne Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
  17. ^ "Holliday Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
  18. ^ "Ellis Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
  19. ^ "Estelle Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
  20. ^ "Death Tow Facts." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  21. ^ "Marilyn McAdams Sibley". Huntsville Item online. Retrieved September 23, 2010. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°44′N 95°34′W / 30.74°N 95.57°W / 30.74; -95.57