Huron Island Light

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Huron Island Light
Huron National Wildlife Refuge (7415504512).jpg
Huron Island Light as seen in 2006
Huron Island Light is located in Michigan
Huron Island Light
Location Lighthouse Island, Powell Township, Marquette County, offshore from Big Bay, Michigan
Coordinates 46°57′48″N 87°59′54″W / 46.96333°N 87.99833°W / 46.96333; -87.99833Coordinates: 46°57′48″N 87°59′54″W / 46.96333°N 87.99833°W / 46.96333; -87.99833
Year first constructed 1868
Year first lit 1877 (current tower)
Automated 1972
Foundation surface rock
Construction granite/brick
Tower shape square
Markings / pattern natural with white lantern
Height 39 feet (12 m)
Focal height 197 feet (60 m)
Original lens 3½-order Fresnel lens
Range 15 nautical miles (28 km; 17 mi)
Characteristic White Fl 10 seconds
Fog signal none
ARLHS number USA-395
USCG number

7-14730[1][2][3]

Huron Islands Lighthouse
Nearest city Big Bay, Michigan
Area less than one acre
Governing body U.S. Coast Guard
NRHP Reference # 75000955[4]
Added to NRHP September 02, 1975

Huron Island Light is a lighthouse on Lake Superior near Big Bay, Michigan. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as Huron Islands Lighthouse in 1975.[4] It is on one of the Huron Islands Wilderness.[5]

History[edit]

Reefs, shoals and islands presented an increasing danger to freighters as commerce developed in the area.[6] This location lies astride a critical turning point—for vessels entering Huron Bay, Keweenaw Bay, or Portage Entry[7]—and is often shrouded in fog.[8] Beginning mid-Nineteenth century, with the copper boom in the Keweenaw Peninsula, the Huron Islands were a navigational hazard to vessels following the coast to/from Portage River, Michigan.[9]

In 1860 the side wheeler S.S. Arctic ran into the easternmost of the Huron Islands. The ship was lost, but passengers, crew and cattle were evacuated onto the island—still known as "Cattle Island" to this day from the marooned beasts.[5][8] "Even though no lives were lost, the wreck became the final straw in the battle to get a lighthouse in this location."[2]

An earlier image of Huron Island Light

In 1867, Congress appropriated $17,000 for a lighthouse located in the Huron Islands.[2] The survey crew chose the highest point on Lighthouse Island, the westernmost of the group[10] as the location for the light. With the exception of 205 feet (62 m) Grand Island North Light, this is the highest focal plane in the western Great Lakes.[11] The lighthouse was constructed in 1868, along with a privy, oil house, boat dock, and tramway,[8] and was first lit on October 20 of that year.[2]

In 1881, two fog signal buildings were constructed about a half-mile away.[2] Originally steam powered, the Steam whistles were converted to diaphones. Improvements were made in 1887, and again in 1891 to repair damage caused by a lightning strike.[8] The light was upgraded to incandescent oil vapor in 1912, and in the 1930 the entire station was electrified.[8] In 1961, a new barracks building was constructed and a solar-powered light installed.[8] The lighthouse was automated in 1972, and the structure boarded.[12] The light is still an active aid to navigation.[1]

In 2006, the roof of the structure was replaced.[12]

A private group, the Huron Island Lighthouse Preservation Association, P.O. Box 381, L'Anse, Michigan 49946, has been formed with an intent to save the light. It is recognized that this is an uphill battle, as members of the general public neither see the light nor have access to it.[13] The organization is part of the Michigan Lighthouse Alliance.[14]

Description[edit]

The light station is a duplicate of the one built at the same time on nearby Granite Island.[8] Other sister designs include Gull Rock and Marquette Harbor lighthouses.[3] The station is 112 stories tall and built from granite, with a square light tower, 39 feet (12 m) in height, integrated into the structure.[8] The original light was an decagonal cast iron lantern with a 3½-order Fresnel lens.[8]

It is owned by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.[3]

Getting there[edit]

The light is accessible only by private or tour boat.[3] This is the only island in the Huron Islands that is open to the public;[15] however the lake is rough, cold, dangerous and punctuated by reefs and shoals,[16] so the three mile trip should be undertaken with caution.[5]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Light List, Volume VII, Great Lakes (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard. 2009. p. 146. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Michigan". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 
  3. ^ a b c d Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of the United States: Michigan's Western Lower Peninsula". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 
  4. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  5. ^ a b c Huron Islands Wilderness at Wilderness.net.
  6. ^ Lighthouse Central, Huron Island Light The Ultimate Guide to Upper Michigan Lighthouses by Jerry Roach. (Publisher: Bugs Publishing LLC - 2007). ISBN 978-0-9747977-2-4.
  7. ^ Huron Island Lighthouse at Hunt's Guide to the Upper Peninsula.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i Terry Pepper, Huron Islands Light, retrieved 12/20/2009
  9. ^ Wobser, David. Huron Islands Lighthouse at boatnerd.com
  10. ^ NOAA Chart 14964, Lake Superior:Big Bay Point to Redridge, Michigan; 1/120,000; 2004
  11. ^ Pepper, Terry. "Database of Focal Heights". Seeing the Light. terrypepper.com. 
  12. ^ a b Major Effort Tops Huron Island Light (November, 2006) from the Lighthouse Digest; retrieved 12/20/2009
  13. ^ Efforts to Save Huron Island Lighthouse (October, 1999), Lighthouse Digest
  14. ^ About the Michigan Lighthouse Alliance, Michigan State Housing Development Authority.
  15. ^ Seney National Wildlife Refuge, United States Fish and Wildlife Service
  16. ^ Lighthouse Depot, Huron Islands Lighthouse.

External links[edit]