Husainid Dynasty

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Husainid dynasty
Tunisia Royal Coat of Arms.PNG
Country Tunisia
Titles Bey, King
Founded 15 July 1705
Founder Al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-Turki
Final ruler Muhammad VIII al-Amin
Current head Prince Muhammad al-Habib Bey
Deposition 25 July 1957

The Husainid Dynasty is the former ruling dynasty of Tunisia originally of Muslim Cretan origin. They came to power under al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-Turki in 1705 replacing the Muradid Dynasty. After taking power the Husainids ruled as Beys with succession to the throne determined by age with the oldest member of the dynasty becoming Bey. The heir apparent to the Bey held the title Bey al-Mahalla. The Husainids originally ruled under the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire. In 1881 Tunisia came under the control of France as a protectorate. Following independence from France on March 20, 1956, the Bey Muhammad VIII al-Amin assumed the title of King and reigned as such until the prime minister Habib Bourguiba deposed the dynasty and declared Tunisia a republic on July 25, 1957.

Since June 2013 the current head of the dynasty is Prince Muhammad al-Habib Bey (born 1929) who is a grandson of Muhammad VI al-Habib. [1]

Ruling heads of the dynasty[edit]

Main article: List of Beys of Tunis

Non ruling heads of the dynasty[edit]

Family tree[edit]

  • Sidi Ali al-Turki (d. 1676)
    • Muhammad (c. 1665-1735)
      • Simple gold crown.svg II. Ali I (1688-1756; r. 1735-1756)
    • Simple gold crown.svg I. Hussein I (1675-1740; r. 1705-1735)
      • Simple gold crown.svg III. Muhammad I (1710-1759; r. 1756-1759)
        • Simple gold crown.svg VII. Mahmud I (1757-1824; r. 1814-1824)
          • Simple gold crown.svg VIII. Hussein II (1784-1835; r. 1824-1835)
            • Simple gold crown.svg XI. Muhammad II (1811-1859; r. 1855-1859)
              • Prince Hussein Bey (1839-1890)
                • Prince Muhammad as-Said Bey (1873-1918)
                  • XXI. Mustafa II (1900-1974; family head: 1969-1974)
              • Simple gold crown.svg XV. Muhammad V (1855-1922; r. 1906-1922)
                • Simple gold crown.svg XVIII. Muhammad VII (1881-1948; r. 1942-1943)
                  • Prince Salah ud-din Bey (1902-1938)
                    • Crown Prince Zainal-Abidin (b. 1930)
                • XX. Hussein III (1893-1969; Crown Prince: 1943-1957; family head: 1962-1969)
                • Prince Muhammad Bey (1897-1953)
                  • XXVII. Muhammad X (1928-2013; family head: 2006-2013)
            • Simple gold crown.svg XII. Muhammad III (1813-1882; r. 1859-1882)
            • Simple gold crown.svg XIII. Ali III (1817-1902; r. 1882-1902)
              • Prince Mustafa Bey (1844-1895)
                • Prince Iz ud-din Bey (1882-1953)
                  • XXIII. Suleiman I (1909-1992; family head: 1989-1992)
                  • XXIV. Al'Allah I (1910-2001; family head: 1992-2001)
                  • XXVI. Muhi ud-din I (1911-2006; family head: 2004-2006)
              • Simple gold crown.svg XIV. Muhammad IV (1855-1906; r. 1902-1906)
              • Simple gold crown.svg XVII. Ahmad II (1862-1942; r. 1929-1942)
                • XXII. Muhammad IX (1902-1989; family head: 1974-1989)
            • Prince Muhammad Mamun Bey (1819-1861)
              • Simple gold crown.svg XVI. Muhammad VI (1858-1929; r. 1922-1929)
                • Prince Muhammad Iz ud-din Bey (1875-1931)
                  • XXVIII. Muhammad XI (b. 1929; family head: 2013-present)
                • Simple gold crown.svg XIX. Muhammad VIII (1881-1962; r. 1943-1957; family head: 1957-1962)
                  • XXV. Shazli I (1910-2004; family head: 2001-2004)
          • Simple gold crown.svg IX. Mustafa I (1786-1837; r. 1835-1837)
            • Simple gold crown.svg X. Ahmad I (1806-1855; r. 1837-1855)
      • Simple gold crown.svg IV. Ali II (1712-1782; r. 1759-1782)
        • Simple gold crown.svg V. Hammud I (1759-1814; r. 1782-1814)
        • Simple gold crown.svg VI. Uthman I (1763-1814; r. 1814)

[1]

References[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]