Husborne Crawley

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Husborne Crawley
Husborne Crawley - geograph.org.uk - 147368.jpg
St. James' Church
Husborne Crawley is located in Bedfordshire
Husborne Crawley
Husborne Crawley
 Husborne Crawley shown within Bedfordshire
Population 237 [1]
OS grid reference SP 95444 36238
Unitary authority Bedford
Ceremonial county Bedfordshire
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town bedford
Postcode district MK43
Dialling code 01908
Police Bedfordshire
Fire Bedfordshire and Luton
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament Mid Bedfordshire
List of places
UK
England
Bedfordshire

Coordinates: 52°00′41″N 0°36′06″W / 52.0113°N 0.60159°W / 52.0113; -0.60159

Husborne Crawley is a small village and civil parish in Bedfordshire, England, located close to Junction 13 of the M1 motorway. The village touches the borders of the Woburn Abbey estate on one side, and the village of Aspley Guise on the other. The meaning of the Husborne element of the towns name is "warrior stream" and the Crawley element means "crow clearing".[2]

Village[edit]

1945 Map of Husborne Crawley showing the towns topography

In the 1870s Crawley-Husborne was described as "a parish in Woburn district, Beds; on the Bedford and Bletchley railway, ¾ mile SW of Ridgmount r. station, and 1¾ NNE of Woburn."[3]

St. James' Church which is located on School Lane, is the parish church of St. Mary, with work on the church being dated as early as the 13th century. The church has a tower with three bays, western tower with six chiming bells and clock face,[4] and has been subject to various changes throughout its history, with one of the most substantial changes occurring at around the 15th century.[5]

It has a nineteenth-century manor house in its own grounds, known as Crawley Park. The Crawley Park estate is privately owned, and features some preserved and listed wooden-framed medieval cottages. The village also has The White Horse public house, which is described as "A substantial corner pub on the main road through the village, it consists of a single U-shape room wrapped around a central bar counter along with some outside picnic benches".[6]

Other amenities in the village include Husborne Crawley Lower School which was built by The Duke of Bedford in 1867, and was set up to ensure that the poorer families who worked on the estates, could have educated children.[7] Husborne Crawley also has a village hall, called "The Reading Room", which is used by the community for meetings, social gatherings and parties.[8]

History[edit]

The parish is first mentioned in a document of 969 setting out the boundaries of Aspley Guise, by its original name of Hysseburnan.[2] Within the Domesday Book which was commissioned by William the Conqueror (1066-1087), found that the parish of Husborne Crawley was divided into two manors. The parish was still considered two areas in the middle ages, one called Crawley and the other Husborne Crawley, the first was considered to be in the south part of the parish and the other to be the northern part.[2] The parish of covers an area of 1,610½ acres, with a large portion (863 acres)of it being open grassland and also a large amount of arable land (414 acres).[9]

Population[edit]

A graph showing the total Husborne Crawley Population from 1801-2011, as reported by the Vision of Britain website and Census information.[10] [11] [12]

Husborne Crawley has a population of 237 according to the 2011 census. [12] Increasing from a population of 217 according to the 2001 census. [11] From the graph, the total population has changed large amounts for a small parish, decreasing more recently possibly due to people moving closer to larger local areas such as Leighton-Linslade or Dunstable as they are the larger Parishes in the area.[13] There are some gaps in the information as none was available, however clearly there has been a general decrease until very recently where the population has increased again. The changes have not been large enough and are more gradual to be from an event that might alter populations rapidly. [14]

Economy[edit]

A chart showing the occupations of the population in Husbourne Crawley through genders in the year 1881, as reported by the VisionofBritain websiteA chart showing the occupations of the population in Husbourne Crawley in the year 2011, as reported by the office for national statistics website.[15][16][17]

The population and their occupations have changed vastly over time, as land use has changed and as the demographic of the population has changed also. From the occupations shown in the graph of 1881, they were mostly employed in agriculture and manufacturing, with very few of the occupants having jobs with professional titles, or working in offices or commercial companies. The population as of 2011 had occupations that are more professional, office workers, and managers. The occupations that require manual labor still exist but are often more skilled trades or machine operators.[12] Throughout the history of the parish its main industry has been agriculture, yields crops of wheat, barley and beans come from the areas very rich soil base.[9]

Transport[edit]

The M1 Motorway is Husborne Crawley's main transport infrastructure, and is about one mile North East on the Bedford Road from the village, accessible via the roundabout system at junction 13. The Bedford Road also goes west to Milton Keynes which is about ten miles away.[18]

Husborne Crawley is served by Ridgmont railway station which is located away on the other side of the M1 Motorway at Junction 13.[19] London Midland trains serve the station, which also acts as a transport route for workers at an Amazon.com warehouse which is located on the other side of the M1.[20]

There are 7 local bus services that run from Husborne Crawley,[21] the largest operator is Centrebus which operates three of the seven main services.

Geology[edit]

The geology of Husborne Crawley is made up of greensand sandstone, although there are areas of mudstone layered within the sandstone which is part of the Oxford Clay Formation. The soil is therefore mostly sandy and partially clay, with some smaller areas of mixed soil including; sand, alluvium, gravel, clay and silt.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2011 UK census
  2. ^ a b c d "The Parish of Husborne Crawley in General". Bedfordshire Government. Bedfordshire Local Government. Retrieved 12 February 2015. 
  3. ^ Wilson, John Marius. Gazetteer of England and Wales. Edinburgh: A. Fullerton & Co. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  4. ^ "Husborne Crawley". GENUKI: Husborne Crawley, Bedfordshire. GENUKI. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  5. ^ "St James, Husborne Crawley". The Church of England. Archbishops' Council. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  6. ^ "Pubs in Husborne Crawley". Pubs Galore. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  7. ^ "The History of Our School". Husborne Crawley Lower School. The Husborne Crawley Lower School Bedfordshire. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  8. ^ "Husborne Crawley". Husborne Crawley Parish Council. Bedfordshire Parishes. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  9. ^ a b "Parishes: Husborne Crawley". British Online History. University of London. Retrieved 24 April 2015. 
  10. ^ "Husborne Crawley Total Population 1801-1961". Vision of Britain. Vision of Britain. Retrieved 11 February 2015. 
  11. ^ a b "Husborne Crawley (Parish): Key Figures for 2001 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  12. ^ a b c "Husborne Crawley (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  13. ^ "Central Bedfordshire Population Density Map". National Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 11 February 2015. 
  14. ^ "Husborne Crawley Total Population". Vision of Britain. Vision of Britain. Retrieved 11 February 2015. 
  15. ^ "Husborne Crawley CP/AP through time Occupation data classified into the 24 1881 'Orders', plus sex, A Vision of Britain through Time.". Vision of Britain. Vision of Britain. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  16. ^ "Occupation - Males, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  17. ^ "Occupation - Females, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  18. ^ "Husborne Crawley Map". Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 12 February 2015. 
  19. ^ "Station Facilities for Ridgemont". National Rail Enquiries. National Rail. Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  20. ^ "Milton Keynes Fulfilment Centre, England". Amazon Operations. Amazon UK. Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  21. ^ "List of Transport Services from Husborne Crawley". Travel Search. Travel Search. Retrieved 13 February 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Husborne Crawley at Wikimedia Commons