Hussain Hotaki

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Shah Hussain Hotaki
Emir of Afghanistan
Shah-Husain-Hotak.jpg
Reign Hotaki Empire: 1725 – 1738
Coronation 1725
Full name Hussain Hotaki[1]
Titles Shah, Mir, Sultan
Birthplace Kandahar Province
Died 1738
Place of death Kandahar
Buried Kandahar
Predecessor Mahmud Hotaki
Successor Ahmad Shah Abdali
Dynasty Hotaki dynasty
Father Mirwais Hotak[2]
Religious beliefs Sunni Islam

Shah Hussain Hotaki, (Pashto, Dari, Urdu, Arabic: ‌ شاہ حسین ہوتکی), son of Mirwais Hotak, was the fifth and last ruler of the Hotaki dynasty. An ethnic Pashtun (Afghan) from the Ghilzai tribe, he succeeded to the throne after the death of his brother Mahmud Hotaki in 1725. While his cousin Ashraf ruled most of Persia from Isfahan, Hussain ruled what is now Afghanistan from Kandahar.[3]

Ashraf Khan's death marked the end of the very short lived Hotaki rule in Persia (Iran), but what is now Afghanistan was still under Hussain' control until 1738 when Nader Shah conquered it. It was only a short pause before the establishment of the last Afghan Empire[4] and the predecessor of modern Afghanistan in 1747.[5][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mujtaba, Bahaudin Ghulam; Sayed Tayeb Jawad (2006). Afghanistan: Realities of War and Rebuilding. Ilead Academy. p. 10. ISBN 9780977421114. Retrieved 2010-08-22. 
  2. ^ Vogelsang, Willem (2002). The Afghans. Wiley Blackwell. p. 224. ISBN 0-631-19841-5. Retrieved 2010-08-22. 
  3. ^ "AN OUTLINE OF THE HISTORY OF PERSIA DURING THE LAST TWO CENTURIES (A.D. 1722–1922)". Edward G. Browne. London: Packard Humanities Institute. p. 31. Retrieved 2010-09-24. 
  4. ^ "Last Afghan empire". Louis Dupree, Nancy Hatch Dupree and others. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 2009-10-17. 
  5. ^ "AFGHANISTAN x. Political History". D. Balland. Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved 2010-09-25. 
  6. ^ Houtsma, Martijn Theodoor (1987). E.J. Brill's first encyclopaedia of Islam 1913–1936 2. BRILL. p. 146. ISBN 9789004097964. Retrieved 2010-09-25. 

External links[edit]

Hussain Hotaki
Born: ~
Preceded by
Mahmud Hotaki
Emir of Afghanistan
1725–1738
Succeeded by
Ahmad Shah Abdali