Hussein Kamel of Egypt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hussein Kamel

Sultan of Egypt and Sudan

Coat of arms of the Egyptian Kingdom 2.png
HusseinKamelSultan.jpg
Hussein Kamel wearing a traditional tarboosh.
Reign 19 December 1914 – 9 October 1917
Born (1853-11-21)21 November 1853
Birthplace Cairo, Egypt
Died 9 October 1917(1917-10-09) (aged 63)
Place of death Cairo, Egypt
Buried Al Rifa'i Mosque, Cairo, Egypt
Predecessor Abbas Hilmi II
Successor Fuad I
Consort Ayn-al-Hayat Rifaat (divorced)
Melek Tourhan
Issue Prince Kamal el Dine Hussein
Princess Kazma Husayn
Princess Kamila Husayn
Prince Ahmed Nazim Bey
Princess Kadria Husayn
Princess Samiha Husayn
Princess Badia Husayn
Dynasty Muhammad Ali Dynasty
Father Isma'il Pasha
Mother Nour Felek

Sultan Hussein Kamel (Arabic: السلطان حسين كامل‎; 21 November 1853 – 9 October 1917) was the Sultan of Egypt from 19 December 1914 to 9 October 1917, during the British protectorate over Egypt.

Hussein Kamel was the son of Khedive Isma'il Pasha, who ruled Egypt from 1863 to 1879. Hussein Kamel was declared Sultan of Egypt on 19 December 1914, after the occupying British forces had deposed his nephew, Khedive Abbas Hilmi II, on 5 November 1914. The newly created Sultanate of Egypt was declared a British protectorate. This brought to an end the de jure Ottoman sovereignty over Egypt, which had been largely nominal since Muhammad Ali's seizure of power in 1805.

Tomb of Sultan Hussien Kamel in Refaii mosque - Cairo - Egypt

Upon Hussein Kamel's death, his only son, Prince Kamal al-Din Husayn, declined the succession, and Hussein Kamel's brother Ahmed Fuad ascended the throne as Fuad I. At the beginning of Naguib Mahfouz's novel Palace Walk, Ahmad Abd al-Jawwad says "What a fine man Prince Kamal al-Din Husayn is! Do you know what he did? He refused to ascend the throne of his late father so long as the British are in charge."[1]

Honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Naguib Mahfouz, Palace Walk (Anchor Books, 1991), p. 12

External links[edit]

Media related to Hussein Kamel of Egypt at Wikimedia Commons

Hussein Kamel of Egypt
Born: 21 November 1853 Died: 9 October 1917
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Abbas Hilmi II
as Khedive of Egypt and Sudan
Sultan of Egypt and Sudan
19 December 1914 - 9 October 1917
Succeeded by
Fuad I
Recreated
Title last held by
Tuman Bay II
Political offices
Preceded by
Ali Mubarak Pasha
Minister of Public Works
26 August 1872 - 7 September 1875
Succeeded by
Ibrahim Yakan Pasha
Preceded by
Abdel Hamid Sadeq Pasha
Speaker of the Legislative Council
30 January 1909 - 3 March 1910
Succeeded by
Mahmoud Fahmi Pasha
Preceded by
Mehmed V
as Ottoman Suzerain
Head of state of Egypt
19 December 1914 - 9 October 1917
Succeeded by
Fuad I