Tulfah family

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Tulfah Family
عائِلَة حسين
Ethnicity Iraqi
Current region Tikrit
Place of origin  Iraq
Connected families Subha, Khairallah, Majid, Rashid and Saddam

The Tulfah family was the family of President Saddam Hussein of Iraq who ruled from 1979 to 2003 and established a single party authoritarian Dictatorship under the control of the Ba'ath Party until the US-UK led Invasion in 2003.

The Husseins are originally from Al-Awja, about 13 kilometers from Tikrit and are a member of the minority Sunni population. They are members of the al-Begat tribal group, a sub-group of the Al-Bu Nasir tribe. Since records are scant, the generation who controlled Iraq primarily are only known to stem from Saddam's mother Subha Tulfah al-Mussallat or her brother Khairallah Talfah, who later became Saddam's father in law. All the members of the Hussein or extended Talfah family have the Arabic surname Al-Tikriti and traced their origins to Al-Awja or several surrounding villages.

During the rule of Saddam Hussein, family connections became a crucial part of Iraqi politics and many of his close family members were in charge of the ministries, military, and the Security Services.

Origin[edit]

The Tulfah family descents from Tulfah Al-Mussallat, an army officer who died a few years after the birth of Subha. He had only two children, Subha and Khairallah.

Subha's Family[edit]

  • Subha Tulfah al-Mussallat(c.1910's-1982)
    With Hussein Abid al-Majid (c.1900's - 1937)
    • Unknown son, died of cancer around at age 13 around 1937.
    • Saddam Hussein (1937-2006), President of Iraq from 1979 to 2003. Prior to that, he was Vice-President during the 70's. He was married to his cousin Sajida Talfah and had five children.
    • Siham Hussein (c. mid-1930's), sister and Briefly president of the Iraqi Women's Union.[1]

Khairallah's Family[edit]

  • Khairallah Talfah (1910-1993), Mayor of Baghdad from 1979-1981
    With Unknown Woman.
    • Sajida Talfah(b. 1937), wife of Saddam Hussein and First Lady of Iraq from 1979-2003. Was a primary school teacher prior to marrying Saddam.
    • Adnan Khairallah (1949-1989), Minister of Defence from (1977-1989), killed in a helicopter crash though it has been alleged that he was assassinated.
    • Ilham Khairallah (1955-1999), Wife of Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti. Died of cancer in 1999.

Abd al-Majid's Family[edit]

Hassan Abd Al-Majid, Brother of Hussein, had three sons.

  • Ali Hassan al-Majid (1941-2010), Secretary General of Northern Bureau of the Ba'ath Party and along with his cousin Saddam Hussein was responsible for the genocide of thousands of Kurds. He was executed by the Iraqi Government for this in 2010. He was married to a daughter of Al-Bakr.
  • Hisham Hassan al-Majid, Special Republican Guard Commander, Governor of Babel Province. fled to Jordan during the 2003 invasion.[1]
  • Kamel Hassan al-Majid (c.1920-1996) Ba'ath Party official, marginalized years before his death. Executed in a firefight with his children in 1996.
    • Hussein Kamel al-Majid (1954-1996), Minister of Military Industries. Saddam's son in-law. Responsible for the Chemical, Biological and Nuclear Weapons programme during the 80's. Defected to Jordan in 1995, but returned and was executed. Married to Raghad Hussein.
    • Saddam Kamel (1956-1996) Saddam's Personal Bodyguard. Married to Rana Hussein. Executed alongside his brother after returning from Jordan.
    • Hakim Kamel al-Majid (d.1996)
    • Ilham Kamel al-Majid. (d.1996)
      Married Azatdin Hisham al-Majid [2]
  • Unknown Sister, Killed in 1996 firefight alongside Kamel.

Suleiman Abd al-Majid, The only other known brother of Hussein. He was reportedly devoutly religious and none of his children had any known high ranking office.

Abdul al-Rashid's Family[edit]

The Rashids are also a member of the al-Bu Nasir Tribe and a relative of the al-Majid family but descended from Tikrit itself. All of them Wielded considerable power in the regime's later years.

  • Daham Abdul al-Rashid, Head of National Audit Bureau
  • Taher Abdul al-Rashid, Army General, Killed during the Iran–Iraq War.
  • Maher Abd al-Rashid, Army General, Father in law of Qusay Hussein.
    • Abduallah Maher Al-Rashid, Involved in Iraqi insurgency.
    • Sahar Maher Al-Rashid, Wife of Qusay Hussein.
  • Hatim Abdul Rashid, Head of Arab Industrial Development Organization, Married to a daughter of Al-Bakr

Saddam's Family[edit]

Standing (left to right):
 • Hussein Kamel - Son-in-law of Saddam Hussein. Brother of Saddam Kamel.
 • Saddam Kamel - Son-in-law of Saddam Hussein. Brother of Hussein Kamel.
 • Rana Hussein - Second daughter of Saddam Hussein. Wife of Saddam Kamel.
 • Uday Hussein - Oldest son of Saddam Hussein.
 • Raghad Hussein - Oldest daughter of Saddam Hussein. Wife of Hussein Kamel.
 • Sahar Maher Abd al-Rashid - Wife of Qusay Hussein.
 • Qusay Hussein - Second son of Saddam Hussein.

Sitting (left to right):
 • Unidentified child (standing on sofa).
 • Sajida Talfah - First wife of Saddam Hussein.
 • Saddam Hussein
 • Hala Hussein - Third and youngest daughter of Saddam Hussein.

The only known origin of Saddam Hussein is through his father Hussein 'Abid al-Majid, who was from a family of shepherds. He was arranged to marry Subha Tulfah al-Mussallat, allegedly a village psychic, when they were teenagers.[3] Both of them were members of the al-Khatab clan of the al-Begat tribal group, a sub-group of the Al-Bu Nasir tribe. He disappeared several months before Saddam was born and shortly after, Saddam's only full brother, a 13 year-old brother died of cancer. Her situation was so poor that she allegedly attempted to abort the unborn fetus, and when that failed, she sent him away to her brother Khairallah.[4]

After his death Subha would marry Ibrahim Al-Hassan, who was another illiterate shepherd (some sources claim he was actually a local bandit) from an even poorer family. She would have three more sons with Ibrahim and a couple daughters. Subha later arranged for Saddam to marry the daughter of her brother, Khairallah when they were children, though they were never married until 1963, when Saddam was 26.[5]

  • Saddam Hussein (1937-2006), President of Iraq 1979-2003
    Sajida Talfah, wife of Saddam and former first lady.
    • Uday Hussein (18 June 1964 – 22 July 2003) Director of the Iraqi Football Association, Fedayeen Saddam, and several media corporations in Iraq including Iraqi TV and the newspaper Babel. Originally Saddam's favorite son and raised to succeed him he eventually fell out of favour due to his erratic behavior. He was briefly married to Izzat Ibrahim ad-Douri's daughter, but later divorced her.
    • Qusay Hussein (17 May 1966 – 22 July 2003), He was second in command of the military (behind his father) and director of the Iraqi Republican Guard and the SSO. He was Saddam's later intended successor. He was married once and had three children.
    • Raghad Hussein (born 2 September 1968) After the war, Raghad fled to Amman, Jordan where she received sanctuary from the royal family. She was married to Hussein Kamel.
    • Rana Hussein (born c. 1969), She was married to Saddam Kamel and has had four children from this marriage.
    • Hala Hussein (born c. 1972), is Saddam's third and youngest daughter. Very little information is known about her. Her father arranged for her to marry General Kamal Mustafa Abdallah Sultan al-Tikriti in 1998. She fled with her children and sisters to Jordan, though other sources claim she could be in Qatar with her mother.
  • With Samira Shahbandar, former wife of an Iraqi Airways Executive.
    • Ali Hussein (unknown, sources claim either 1983 or 1987) estranged from the rest of Saddam's family who claim that he is actually his grandson, although in a 2003 interview with Samira, she claimed that Ali was indeed his son.[6] Believed to be in Beirut after 2003.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Helm, Toby (2003-03-24). "Saddam 'seen in ambulance'". Telegraph. Retrieved 2013-06-22. 
  2. ^ "Iraqi Kurdish Group: Saddam's Forces Bomb Kurdish Villages". Apnewsarchive.com. 1996-02-29. Retrieved 2013-06-22. 
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ Elisabeth Bumiller (15 May 2004). "Was a Tyrant Prefigured by Baby Saddam?". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 January 2007. 
  5. ^ Eric Davis, Memories of State: Politics, History, and Collective Identity in Modern Iraq, University of California Press, 2005.
  6. ^ "NEWS.com.au | Saddam's wife in gold ... and exile (December 15, 2003)". Breakfornews.com. 2003-12-15. Retrieved 2013-06-22.