Hutia

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Hutia
Temporal range: Early Miocene–Recent
Capromys pilorides
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Suborder: Hystricomorpha
Infraorder: Hystricognathi
Parvorder: Caviomorpha
Family: Capromyidae
Smith, 1842
Genera

Capromys
Geocapromys
Hexolobodon
Isolobodon
Mesocapromys
Mysateles
Plagiodontia
Rhizoplagiodontia

Hutias are moderately large cavy-like rodents of the family Capromyidae that inhabit the Caribbean Islands. Most species have a head-and-body length that ranges from 21 to 46 cm (8.3 to 18.1 in) and weigh less than 2 kg (4.4 lb), but Desmarest's hutia has a head-and-body length of 31 to 60 cm (12 to 24 in) and weigh 2.8–8.5 kg (6.2–18.7 lb).[1] Twenty species of hutia have been identified, and at least a third are extinct. (Their larger relatives the giant hutias, of the family Heptaxodontidae, are entirely extinct.) They resemble the nutria in some respects. Tails are present, varying from vestiges to prehensile. They have stout bodies and large heads. Most species are herbivorous, though some consume small animals. Instead of burrowing underground, they nest in trees or rock crevices. Only Desmarest's hutia and the prehensile-tailed hutia remain common and widespread; all other extant species are considered threatened by the IUCN.

They are hunted for food in Cuba, where they are often cooked in a large pot with wild nuts and honey. At the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base however, there is an over population due to the lack of natural predators and an abundant food source. Desmarest's hutias are referred to by those stationed at the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base as banana rats.[2] Banana rats are not named for their dietary preference, but because their feces look like small versions of the fruit. They are known to come out at night. According to Blair Hedges of Penn State University the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base may be the Hutia's last home.[3]

Species[edit]

Order Rodentia
Suborder Hystricognathi
Family Capromyidae
Subfamily Capromyinae
Capromys
Desmarest's hutia (Capromys pilorides)
Geocapromys
Bahamian hutia (Geocapromys ingrahami)
Jamaican hutia (Geocapromys brownii)
Little Swan Island hutia (†Geocapromys thoracatus)
Mesocapromys
Cabrera's hutia (Mesocapromys angelcabrerai)
Dwarf hutia (Mesocapromys nanus)
Eared hutia (Mesocapromys auritus)
San Felipe hutia (Mesocapromys sanfelipensis)
Mysateles
Black-tailed hutia (Mysateles melanurus)
Garrido's hutia (Mysateles garridoi)
Gundlach's hutia (Mysateles gundlachi)
Prehensile-tailed hutia (Mysateles prehensilis)
Southern hutia (Mysateles meridionalis)
Subfamily †Hexolobodontinae
Hexolobodon
Imposter hutia (†Hexolobodon phenax)
Subfamily Isolobodontinae
Isolobodon
Montane hutia (†Isolobodon montanus)
Puerto Rican hutia (†Isolobodon portoricensis)
Subfamily Plagiodontinae
Plagiodontia
Hispaniolan hutia (Plagiodontia aedium)
Samana hutia (†Plagiodontia ipnaeum)
San Rafael hutia (†Plagiodontia araeum)
Rhizoplagiodontia
Lemke's hutia (†Rhizoplagiodontia lemkei)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nowak, R. M. (1999). Walker's Mammals of the World. Vol. 2. 6th edition. pp. 1703-1710. ISBN 0-8018-5789-9
  2. ^ Larson, Vaughn (23 September 2008). "Sailor Volunteers to Help Base Environment". Joint Task Force Guantanamo Public Affairs. Retrieved 24 September 2011. 
  3. ^ "Guantanamo Bay Naval Base and Ecological Crises". Retrieved 2013-06-05. "Also, Dr. Blair Hedges, a herpetologist at Penn State University, discovered that the rare hutia was thriving at Gitmo. These small mammals resemble a groundhog or a marmot with a yellow-colored fur. Related to guinea pigs, the hutias' only remaining home may well be at Guantanamo. Commonly called "banana rats" by residents of the base, hutias live in abundance at Guantanamo, but their existence in other parts of the world has eluded Dr. Hedges's awareness." 

External links[edit]