Huttwil

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Huttwil
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Huttwil
Canton Bern
District Oberaargau
47°7′N 7°51′E / 47.117°N 7.850°E / 47.117; 7.850Coordinates: 47°7′N 7°51′E / 47.117°N 7.850°E / 47.117; 7.850
Population 4,663 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 270 /km2 (698 /sq mi)
Area 17.24 km2 (6.66 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 638 m (2,093 ft)
Postal code 4950
SFOS number 0954
Mayor Therese Löffel
Localities Schwarzenbach
Surrounded by Auswil, Dürrenroth, Eriswil, Gondiswil, Rohrbach, Rohrbachgraben, Ufhusen (LU), Wyssachen
Website www.huttwil.ch
SFSO statistics
Huttwil is located in Switzerland
Huttwil
Huttwil

Huttwil is a municipality in the Oberaargau administrative district in the Swiss canton of Bern.

History[edit]

The allegiance oath of Huttwil, in the Peasant War of 1653

Huttwil is first mentioned in the 9th Century as Huttiwilare.[3]

During the Swiss peasant war of 1653, Huttwil was a center of the rebellion. On April 23, 1653, representatives of the people of the countryside of Lucerne, Bern, Basel, and Solothurn met at Sumiswald and concluded an alliance to help each other to achieve their goals. A week later, they met again at Huttwil, where they renewed that alliance and elected Niklaus Leuenberger from Rüderswil in the Emmental as their leader.[4]

On May 14, 1653, the peasants met again at a Landsgemeinde at Huttwil and formalized their alliance as the "League of Huttwil" by signing a written contract in the style of the old Bundesbriefe of the Old Swiss Confederacy. The treaty clearly established the league as a separate political entity that considered itself equal to and independent from the cities. The tax revolt had become an independence movement, based ideologically on the traditional Swiss founding legends, especially on the legend of William Tell. Legally, the peasants justified their assemblies and their union by the rights of old and in particular the Stanser Verkommnis of 1481, one of the important coalition treaties of the Old Swiss Confederacy.[5]

Geography[edit]

Huttwil has an area, as of 2009, of 17.24 km2 (6.66 sq mi). Of this area, 11.13 km2 (4.30 sq mi) or 64.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 3.79 km2 (1.46 sq mi) or 22.0% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.35 km2 (0.91 sq mi) or 13.6% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.01 km2 (2.5 acres) or 0.1% is either rivers or lakes.[6]

Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 1.7% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 6.4% and transportation infrastructure made up 4.6%. 19.9% of the total land area is heavily forested and 2.1% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 29.9% is used for growing crops and 32.0% is pastures, while 2.6% is used for orchards or vine crops. All the water in the municipality is in rivers and streams.[6]

It is situated in the lower Emmental between Eriswil, Wyssachen, Dürrenroth and Walterswil.

Demographics[edit]

Huttwil has a population (as of 31 December 2012) of 4,663.[1] As of 2007, 8.9% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -0.7%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (93.6%), with Italian being second most common ( 1.1%) and Albanian being third ( 1.1%).

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 42% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (18.7%), the FDP (14.7%) and the local small left-wing parties (9%).

The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 23.8% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 56.3% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 19.9%. The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Huttwil about 71.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).

Huttwil has an unemployment rate of 1.21%. As of 2005, there were 277 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 92 businesses involved in this sector. 878 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 77 businesses in this sector. 1440 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 188 businesses in this sector.[7] The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1764 1,678
1850 3,398
1900 3,916
1950 4,661
2000 4,825

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Datenwürfel für Thema 01.2 - Bevölkerungsstand und -bewegung (German) accessed 29 August 2013
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Huttwil in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ Stüssi-Lauterburg, J.; Luginbühl, H.; Gasser, A.; Greminger, A. (2003): Verachtet Herrenpossen! Verschüchet fremde Gäst!, Verlag Merker im Effingerhof, Lenzburg; 2003. ISBN 3-85648-124-9, p. 44.
  5. ^ Holenstein, A. (2004): Der Bauernkrieg von 1653. Ursachen, Verlauf und Folgen einer gescheiterten Revolution; pp. 39 – 49 in: Römer, J. (ed.): Bauern, Untertanen und "Rebellen", Orell Füssli Verlag, Zürich, 2004. ISBN 3-280-06020-6. An earlier, abridged version appeared under the same title in Berner Zeitschrift für Geschichte und Heimatkunde, no. 66, pp. 1 – 43; 2004. (In German.)
  6. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  7. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 17-Jul-2009
This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]