Hola (ethnic group)
|Regions with significant populations|
|Lari language, Gulf Arabic|
|Sunni Islam, with a small Shia minority|
|Related ethnic groups|
Hola, or Huwala (in Arabic: هوله), is a plural Arabic term for Holi (in Arabic: هولي), which itself is a corruption of the singular Persian term Koli (in Persian: کولی), meaning Gypsy, and refers to a group of wandering Sunni non-Arabs who migrated to the Arabian peninsula, from the Iranian plateau and Indian subcontinent, during the 19th and 20th centuries. It can refer to people of multiple origins, including Iranian, Pakistani and Indian. The term should not be confused with non-Gypsy immigrants of non-Arab origins, who are usually referred to as Ajams.
Migration to the Arab Peninsula
The most recent influx of the Hola to the now known as GCC countries is during the 1960s. Iran under the Shah was strict regarding different ethnic groups and maintained censuses on them. Most of the Hola families were exiled from various ports and villages of Iran. One inviting country was Bahrain, which had a need for more Sunni Muslims as the country was mainly Shia and was ruled by a Sunni family that came from Saudi Arabia. It was also a country that had a fairly large Hola community that existed on the island beforehand. Though there was a difference between the variety of people that had come during different times, the term “Hola” began to be used generally for all Sunni Muslims that had connections with Iran, especially after the Iranian Revolution, which brought about anti-Shia tensions to the GCC nation states, uniting those that were Sunni. You will mainly hear this term used in Bahrain, though Oman and the UAE has a large number of these families living among them. The Hola had a degree of self-rule with a number of emirates (Arabic: see Arabic article) in the south of Iran until the 20th century. Following the ascent of the Pahlavi Dynasty, there was a diminution or abolition of the local ruling families' privileges as elsewhere in Iran.
Culture and Traditions
Most of the Huwala families lived in the urban centres of the Persian Gulf states and established themselves as trading business families, making use of their networks across the Persian Gulf. In the Bahraini city of Manama, many settled in the neighbourhood of Awadhiya. They speak a dialect of Persian sometimes referred to as Khodmoni. However today, many Huwala families have become "Arabized" such that relatively few of them speak Persian, or even retain a separate identity. Traditionally, the Huwala have practiced the Shafi`i school of jurisprudence when it comes to Islamic rites, in contrast to the Maliki school practiced by most of the tribal Arabs of the Persian Gulf centres. Mahyawa is a fish sauce is that is regarded as being an essential item of Huwala cuisine.
- Yousif bin Abdulrahman Fakhro, was one of the most prominent and wealthiest businessmen in Bahrain.
- Ali Hussain Al-Awadhi, secular Kuwaiti politician.
- Abdulwahed Al-Awadhi, former member of the Kuwait National Assembly parliament.
- Khalil Ali Akbar Lari, a famous Qatari business man in Bahrain
- Munira Fakhro, Bahraini academic and was a candidate in Bahrain's 2006 general election for the opposition Waad.
- Ibrahim Sharif, General Secretary of the secular liberal National Democratic Action Society (Wa'ad).
- Lulwa Al Awadhi, female Bahraini lawyer.
- Khaled Al-Awadhi, a Kuwaiti Olympics fencer.
- Nabeel Al Awadhi, famous Kuwaiti sheikh.
- Isa Al Jowder, Bahraini politician.
- Fatema Hameed Gerashi, female Bahraini Olympics swimmer.
- Abdulqader ibn Hasan, first Khan of the Abbasid emirate of Bastak.
- Muhammad Azam Khan, last Khan of the Abbasid emirate of Bastak.
- Hussain Al Jasmi, an Emirati singer
- Anas Al-Ammadi, a famous Bahraini Quran reciter
- Muhammad ibn Saeed AlQasimi no reference. He was a representative of the Al Qassimi ruling family in Lengeh. Any representative or follower of the family would usually take the royal family's name. It is believed his descendants live in Dubai today and shouldn't be mixed up with the royal family of Sharjah and Ras Al Khaimah. Although they share the same name, they are not related and have a different lineage.
- Gerashi family members converted to Shia Islam and some members of the Faqihi family are Shia http://sonsofsunnah.com/2011/04/15/the-common-confusing-with-sunni-persians/