Huwwarah

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For the West Bank town, see Huwara.

Huwwarah (Arabic: حوّاره‎), also spelled Huwwara and Huwarrah, is a village in northern Jordan. It is situated in the Governorate of Irbid, and is one of many agricultural villages in the fertile mud plains of Hauran. The mud plains of Hauran bridge the gap between the Golan Heights in the west and the Sham desert to the east. The southern part of Hauran is in North Jordan. Huwwarah if flanked by the ancient sites of Ramoth-Gilead (Ramtha, Jordan) in Gilead to the east and Arabella (Irbid) to the west. North, it is bordered by Sal and Bishra, and south and southeast it is bordered by Sareeh.

It has a population estimated around 15,000. The two major families (tribes or clans) in Huwarra are: the Gharaibeh Family and Al Shatnawi Family. Other tribes/clans include: el Ghuzlan, el Haddad, el Karasneh (thought to be the original settlers of the village), el Lawabneh, el Shar' (or Shroo'), and el Tanash. Huwara is situated about 5 km to the East of Irbid. It is famous for its rich soil (rust colored mud soil) and wheat crops.

Photo taken in July 2007, from east to west

Geography[edit]

Huwwarah is in North Jordan. It is part of the Mud Plains of Houran. The Houran lies west of Jabal ed Druze and stretches from the outskirts of Southern Damascus to the Zarqa River in Jordan. It is part of Bilad esh Sham.

History[edit]

The history of Huwwarah is part of the history of Houran. See [1] for Johann Ludwig Burckhardt's account of a relatively recent history of the area (the winter of 1810).

It is unknown when Huwwarah was permanently settled. Some of the older stone buildings in the village suggest the mid-19th century. However, mud houses must have existed long before that, based on the number of generations the elderly reported through oral tradition. It is expected that there lived at least 12 generations so far in Huwwarah, making the estimated date of settlement between 1700 and 1750 CE (AD).

The village also contains numerous sites were some coins from Hellenistic or Roman periods were found. Furthermore, there is an agricultural section of east of Huwwarah called Dhahr El Muqhur (roofs of the caves) which is apparently a necropolis to a nearby settlement that may have been the village itself. This makes perfect sense in view of the fact that Huwwarah is in the heart of the area that contained the Decapolis union of ten famous trade town the most famous of which is Jerash and Gadara (Um Qais).

The Jordanian Dialect of Hourani or Hawarné[edit]

The Hawarné dialect is quite different from main stream Jordanian Levantine, with several nouns changing the biggest difference would be the pronunciation of the Q and K; Q is pronounced as a hard G, and the K is always pronounced as a Ç (CH as in Charlie).

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  • Hütteroth, Wolf Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlangen: Fränkische Geographische Ges. ISBN 3-920405-41-2. 

External links[edit]

32°32′01″N 35°54′42″E / 32.533608°N 35.911560°E / 32.533608; 35.911560Coordinates: 32°32′01″N 35°54′42″E / 32.533608°N 35.911560°E / 32.533608; 35.911560