(thành phố trực thuộc trung ương)
(thành phố trực thuộc tỉnh)
A huyện (Vietnamese pronunciation: [hwîˀən]) in modern Vietnam is a district level administrative unit, and the main rural subdivision of the provinces of Vietnam. There are three administrative tiers of local government in Vietnam: first provinces (tỉnh) and the 5 Municipalities; then second 51 Provincial Cities (thành phố), districts (huyện) in rural areas and precincts (quận) in urban areas; and thirdly rural communes (xã) commune-level town (thị trấn), and urban wards (phường).
The huyện administrative unit existed since the 15th century. Prior to 1945 the huyện (chữ Hán: 縣) was also called district and earlier "sub-prefecture" of the prefectures, or phủ into which provinces were previously divided. The administrative reorganization by Minh Mạng in 1832 did not substantially affect the position of the huyện, but concentrated administration of the level above the huyện, the phủ under new larger unit of the tỉnh and provincial governors. The position of local prefects and district heads remained unaffected.
- List of districts of Vietnam
- Commune-level subdivisions (Vietnam): rural commune (xã), commune-level town (thị trấn), urban ward (phường)
- Ward (Vietnam) phường, urban subdistrict
- Karl Hack, Tobias Rettig Colonial Armies in Southeast Asia 2006 Page 152 "31 A phu is an administrative subdivision of a province. 32 A huyen is an administrative subdivision of a phu."
- Donald F. Lach, Edwin J. Van Kley - Asia in the Making of Europe, Volume III: A Century of Advance. 1998 Page 1278 " 1998 ""The huyen was an administrative unit — a subprefecture — within the province which first came into use in the fifteenth century. See Whitfield, op. cit. (n. 2), p. 118. '6'Each province was divided into several phu or prefectures. Ibid , p
- Journal asiatique Société asiatique (Paris, France), Centre national de la recherche scientifique (France), Gallica (Organization) - 1834 Page 475 "A cette époque il a voulu marcher sur les traces de l'empereur de Chine et a divisé son royaume en tinh ou métropoles. Il y a laissé les phù et les huyên comme auparavant. L'ordre a été changé, mais le fond de l'administration est le même."
- Jacob Ramsay Mandarins and Martyrs: The Church and the Nguyen Dynasty in Early ... 2008 Page 37 "provinces (tỉnh) over which directly appointed governors-general (tổngđốc), one to every two provinces, and every two provinces, and governors (tuấn phủ), to every other province, ruled.51 Under the provincial structure, a descending hierarchy of smaller territorial jurisdictions was organized: these included the prefecture (phủ), the district (huyện), the canton (tổng), and the village ... Just as bureaucratic order provided the foundation for the administration of the kingdom, attention to key sites of ritual power projected the"