Hwang Yun-gil

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Hwang Yun-gil, also known as Hwang Yun'gil, was a Korean diplomat and ambassador, representing Joseon interests in a tongsinsa (diplomatic mission or corresponding envoys) to Sengoku period in Japan when it was constrolled by strongman Toyotomi Hideyoshi.[1]

1590 mission to Japan[edit]

In 1590-1591, King Seonjo of Joseon sent a mission to Japan led by Hwang Yun-gil, accompanied by, Kim Seong-il and Heo Seong.[2] The chronology of this diplomatic embassy encompassed:

  • September 1589 (22nd year of King Seonjo's rule: Gimi year): Dispatch of tongsinsa to Japan decided upon by the Joseon court.[2]
  • March 1590 (23rd year of King Seonjo's rule: Gyeongin year): The tongsinsa were sent to Japan.[2]
  • January 1591 (24th year of King Seonjo's rule: Sinmyo year): Hwang Yun-gil and others returned the port Busan.[2]

A diplomatic mission conventionally consisted of three primary figures—the main envoy, the vice-envoy, and a document official. Also included were one or more official writers or recorders who created a detailed account of the mission.[3] In 1607, Hwang Yun-gil was the main envoy; and he was accompanied by Kim Sŏng-il, who was the vice-ambassador, and Hŏ Son, who was the document official.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Rutt, Richard et al. (2003). Korea: a Historical and Cultural Dictionary, p. 190.
  2. ^ a b c d Jinjun National Museum: Chronology
  3. ^ Walraven, Boudewign et al. (2007). Korea in the middle: Korean studies and area studies, p. 362.
  4. ^ Kang, Etsuko Hae-jin. (1997). Diplomacy and Ideology in Japanese-Korean Relations: from the Fifteenth to the Eighteenth Century, p. 89.


External links[edit]