Hwaseong city is located in the western area of the Korean Peninsula. The temperatures in winter are low along the coast since it is located in the lower plains and close to the Yellow Sea (West Sea), where the water is shallow. Additionally, Siberian air flows directly into the western flatlands of the Korean peninsula, making several areas colder.
Hwaseong is populated by 49% male Korean citizens, 46% Korean females, and 5% foreign residents. With 186,966 homes, there are on average 2.8 people per registered place of residence in the city. With the exceptions of Byeongjeom 2-dong, Dongtan 2-dong and Dongtan 3-dong, there is a larger number of males than females in every division of the city.
On November 27, 2007 the city was chosen as the site for the future Universal Studios South Koreatheme park, set to open in 2014, which will be the world's largest Universal Studios theme park, being larger than all the other four combined. The USD $3.1 billion park is expected to create at least 58,000 new jobs.
Lots of special products sell in the Hwaseong area that are different from other regions of Gyeonggi-do. There are many facilities growing products ranging from honey melons to herbs. Additionally, meat and dairy products are also available. Hangwa is also made by local companies as a speciality.