|• Governor||Toshizo Ido|
|• Total||8,396.13 km2 (3,241.76 sq mi)|
|Population (November 1, 2011)|
|• Density||660/km2 ( 1,700/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-28|
|Flower||Nojigiku (Chrysanthemum japonense)|
|Tree||Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)|
|Bird||Oriental White Stork (Ciconia boyciana)|
The prefecture's name was previously alternately spelled as Hiogo.
In 1180, near the end of the Heian Period, Emperor Antoku, Taira no Kiyomori, and the Imperial court moved briefly to Fukuhara, in what is now the city of Kobe. There the capital remained for five months.
Southern Hyōgo Prefecture was severely devastated by the magnitude 7.2 Great Hanshin earthquake of 1995, which destroyed major parts of Kobe and Awaji, as well as Takarazuka and neighboring Osaka prefecture, killing nearly 6,500 people.
Hyōgo has coastlines on two seas: to the north, the Sea of Japan, to the south, the Inland Sea. The northern portion is sparsely populated, except for the city of Toyooka, and the central highlands are only populated by tiny villages. Most of Hyōgo's population lives on the southern coast, which is part of the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto metropolitan area. Awaji Island is an island in the Inland Sea, lying between Honshu and Shikoku.
Summertime weather throughout Hyōgo is hot and humid. As for winter conditions in Hyōgo, the north of Hyōgo tends to receive abundant snow, whilst the south receives only the occasional flurry.
As of 31 March 2008, 20% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Sanin Kaigan and Setonaikai National Parks; Hyōnosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Park; and Asago Gunzan, Harima Chūbu Kyūryō, Inagawa Keikoku, Izushi-Itoi, Kasagatayama-Sengamine, Kiyomizu-Tōjōko-Tachikui, Onzui-Chikusa, Seiban Kyūryō, Seppiko-Mineyama, Tajima Sangaku, and Taki Renzan Prefectural Natural Parks.
Twenty-nine cities are located in Hyōgo Prefecture:
Towns and villages 
Towns and villages in each district:
Two major artificial islands are located Hyōgo Prefecture:
National parks 
Sanin Kaigan National Park (Tajima-mihonoura of Sanin Coast in Shinonsen)
Future mergers 
- The city of Akō and the only town in Akō District (Kamigōri), are scheduled to merge and the city will retain the name Akō. Akō District will be defunct if the merger is successful. 
Hyōgo Prefecture has many heavy industries, metal and medical, and Kobe Port is one of the largest ports in Japan.
Hyōgo is a part of the Hanshin Industrial Region. There are two research institute of Riken, natural sciences research institute in Japan, in Kobe and Harima. It has "SPring-8",a synchrotron radiation facility in Harima.
National Treasures of Japan 
- Himeji Castle in Himeji (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
- Jōdo-ji in Ono
- Ichijō-ji in Kasai
- Kakurin-ji in Kakogawa
- Taisan-ji in Kobe
- Chōkō-ji in Katō
Important Preservation Districts for Groups of Historic Buildings in Japan 
- Hyōgo Prefectural Museum of Art in Nada Ward, Kobe.
- Kobe City Museum in Chuo Ward, Kobe.
- Kobe Maritime Museum in Chuo Ward, Kobe.
- Himeji City Museum of Art in Himeji.
- Asago Art Village in Asago.
- Ashiya City Museum of Art & History in Ashiya.
Kobe City Museum in Kobe.
- Sonoda Women's University
- St. Thomas University (Eichi University)
- Kwansei Gakuin University (Sanda Campas)
High schools 
The sports teams listed below are based in Hyōgo.
Kobe remains a popular tourist destination. The region symbolizes Japan's earliest contact with the outside world. Many homes of early foreign visitors still stand on the bluff overlooking the harbor.
Himeji Castle receives this praise from UNESCO: "masterpiece of construction in wood, combining function with aesthetic appeal... ." Together with its historical significance and its easy access from Kyoto or Osaka by Shinkansen, Himeji Castle receives tremendous numbers of visitors annually.
As for the Hyogo Prefecture northern part, sands where the coast is beautiful and a dynamic rock are consecutive. In the vicinity, there are a lot of famous sightseeing spots such as Kinosaki Onsen, Izushi and Yumura Onsen.
Festival and events 
- Miyuki Street New Year's midnight traditional sale, Himeji
- Nishinomiya Shrine's Ebisu Festival in January
- Yanagihara Ebisu Festival in January, Kobe
- Tada Shrine's Genji Festival in April, Kawanishi
- Kobe Festival and Parade in May
- Aioi Peron Festival in May
- Himeji Yukata Festival in June
- Dekansho Bon Dancing Festival in August, Sasayama
- Nada Fighting Festival, Himeji
- Kobe Luminarie in December
- Ako Chushingura Parade
- JR West
- Nose Railway
- Myoken Line
- Nissei Line
- Hojo Railway (Ao-Hojo)
People movers 
- Chugoku Expressway
- Sanyo Expressway
- Kobe-Awaji-Naruto Expressway
- Meishin Expressway
- Maizuru-Wakasa Expressway
- Bantan Expressway
- Second Shinmei road
- Hanshin Expressway
National highways 
- Route 2
- Route 9
- Route 28
- Route 29
- Route 43
- Route 171
- Route 173
- Route 174 (Sannomiya-Kobe Port)
- Route 175
- Route 176
- Route 178
- Route 179
- Route 250
- Route 312
- Route 372
- Route 373
- Route 426
- Route 427
- Route 428
- Route 429
- Route 436
- Route 477
- Route 482
- Route 483
- Kobe Port - Mainly international container hub port
- Akashi Port
- Shikama Port - Mainly Shodo Island route ferry
Notable people 
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (January 2013)|
- Ume Aoki, manga artist
- Mana Ashida, child actress from Nishinomiya
- Koichi Domoto, singer of Kinki Kids
- Heath, musician, singer-songwriter and bassist of X Japan is from Amagasaki
- Miracle Hikaru, comedian and impersonator is from Toyooka
- Kanō Jigorō, founder of the martial art Judo
- Jun, musician, singer-songwriter and guitarist of Phantasmagoria is from Kobe
- Shinji Kagawa, footballer from Kobe
- Tomoya Kanki, drummer of One Ok Rock
- Kaoru, guitarist of Dir en grey
- Ayaka Kimura, actress, former singer of Coconuts Musume is from Kobe
- Keiko Kitagawa, actress from Pretty Guardian Sailor Moon and Buzzer Beat was born in Kobe
- Kamui Kobayashi, former Sauber and Toyota Racing driver from Amagasaki
- Chisa Maekawa, singer of Girl Next Door
- Kiyomatsu Matsubara, ichthyologist, herpetologist & marine biologist
- Aya Matsuura, singer is from Himeji
- Miyavi, musician, although born in Konohana-ku, Osaka grew up in Kawanishi
- Soyo Oka, musician from Nishinomiya
- Masamune Shirow, manga artist was born in Kobe
- So Taguchi, outfielder for the Chicago Cubs
- Nagaru Tanigawa, creator of the Haruhi Suzumiya series was born in Kinki
- Fumito Ueda, videogame creator of Ico, Shadow of the Colossus, and The Last Guardian
- Juri Ueno, Japanese Academy Award-winning actress best known for her performances in Swing Girls and the live-action adaptation of Nodame Cantabile, is from Kakogawa
- Shota Yasuda, guitarist of Kanjani Eight is from Amagasaki
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hyōgo prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 363-365 at Google Books; "Kansai" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 477 at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Kobe" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 537 at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 780 at Google Books.
- "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0-674-01753-6; 13-ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Hyogo prefecture|
- Official Hyōgo prefecture homepage
- Hyōgo prefecture tourist guide
- Hyōgo Business & Cultural Center
- Medical Services in Hyōgo prefecture