Hyacinthe de Bougainville

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Hyacinthe de Bougainville
Hyacinthe de Bougainville.jpg
Hyacinthe de Bougainville
Born 26 December 1781
Brest, France
Died 18 October 1846(1846-10-18) (aged 64)
Paris, France
Allegiance Flag of France.svg France
Service/branch French Navy
Rank Rear Admiral

Hyacinthe Yves Philippe Potentien, baron de Bougainville (26 December 1781 — 18 October 1846) was a French naval officer. He was the son of Louis-Antoine de Bougainville.[1] He became Rear-Admiral on 1 May 1838.


As a young second-class midshipman of eighteen Hyacinthe de Bougainville participated in the 1800-02 Baudin expedition to Australia.[2]

Hyacinthe de Bougainville sailed around the world from 1824 to 1826 onboard Thétis and Espérance,[1] sent by the Minister of the Navy and the Colonies, the duc de Clermont-Tonnerre.[3]

Frigate Thétis, 1813 model. Musée National de la Marine (Rochefort).

On 12 January 1825, Hyacinthe de Bougainville led an embassy to Vietnam with Captain Courson de la Ville-Hélio, arriving in Da Nang, with the warships Thétis and Espérance.[4] Although they had numerous presents for the Emperor, and a 28 January 1824 letter from Louis XVIII, the ambassadors could not obtain an audience from Minh Mạng.[5] Hyacinthe de Bougainville infiltrated Father Regéreau from the Thétis when it was anchored in Da Nang, triggering edicts of persecution against Christianity by Minh Mạng.[6]

Bougainville visited New South Wales in 1825. That same year, he visited Port Jackson[7] and Sydney where he set up a monument to La Pérouse in Botany Bay.[8]


Portrait of Hyacinthe de Bougainville.

Journal de la Navigation Autour Du Globe de la Frégate Thétis et de la Corvette L'Espérance (Paris : Arthus Bertrand) 1837.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Randier, p.292
  2. ^ Horner, F. The French Reconnaissance: Baudin in Australia 1801—1803, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1987 ISBN 0-522-84339-5.
  3. ^ Colin L. Dyer, The French Explorers and the Aboriginal Australians 1772-1839 p.12 [1]
  4. ^ Oscar Chapuis, A History of Vietnam: From Hong Bang to Tu Duc p. 190.
  5. ^ Oscar Chapuis, The Last Emperors of Vietnam p.4
  6. ^ The Vietnamese Response to French Intervention, 1862-1874 p.27
  7. ^ Colin L. Dyer, The French Explorers and the Aboriginal Australians 1772-1839: 1772-1839 p. 11 [2]
  8. ^ Maria Nugent , Botany Bay: Where Histories Meet p. 101