Hyacinthoides

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Hyacinthoides
2401 Bluebells.jpg
Hyacinthoides × massartiana
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Scilloideae
Genus: Hyacinthoides
Heist. ex P. C. Fabricius
Type species
Hyacinthoides hispanica
(Mill.) Rothm.
Synonyms [1]
  • Usteria Medik.
  • Hylomenes Salisb.
  • Hyacinthoides Medik.
  • Endymion Dumort.
  • Agraphis Link
  • Lagocodes Raf.
  • Somera Salisb.
  • Apsanthea Jord. in Jordan & Fourreau

Hyacinthoides is a genus of flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, known as bluebells.

Systematics[edit]

Hyacinthoides is classified in the subfamily Scilloideae (now part of the family Asparagaceae, but formerly treated as a separate family, called Hyacinthaceae), alongside genera such as Scilla, Chionodoxa and Ornithogalum.[2] Hyacinthoides is differentiated from these other genera by the presence of two bracts at the base of each flower, rather than one bract per flower or no bracts in the other genera.[3]

Species[edit]

According to the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families as of July 2012, the genus contains 11 species and one interspecific hybrid.[4] The majority of species are distributed around the Mediterranean Basin, with only one species, Hyacinthoides non-scripta, occurring further north in north-western Europe.[1] The species belong, according to analysis using molecular phylogenetics, to three species groups.[1]

non-scriptahispanica group
mauritanica group
italica group

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Michael Grundmann, Fred J. Rumsey, Stephen W. Ansell, Stephen J. Russell, Sarah C. Darwin, Johannes C. Vogel, Mark Spencer, Jane Squirrell, Peter M. Hollingsworth, Santiago Ortiz & Harald Schneider (2010). "Phylogeny and taxonomy of the bluebell genus Hyacinthoides, Asparagaceae [Hyacinthaceae]". Taxon 59 (1): 68–82. 
  2. ^ P. F. Stevens (2001 onwards). "Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Scilloideae". 
  3. ^ Clive A. Stace (2010). "Asparagaceae – asparagus family". New Flora of the British Isles (3rd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 914–923. ISBN 978-0-521-70772-5. 
  4. ^ "Search for "Hyacinthoides"". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 2011. Retrieved July 5, 2011. 

External links[edit]