Hyannis, Massachusetts

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hyannis, Massachusetts
Village
A sailboat in Hyannis Harbor
A sailboat in Hyannis Harbor
Hyannis is located in Cape Cod
Hyannis
Hyannis
Location on Cape Cod in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 41°39′10″N 70°17′0″W / 41.65278°N 70.28333°W / 41.65278; -70.28333Coordinates: 41°39′10″N 70°17′0″W / 41.65278°N 70.28333°W / 41.65278; -70.28333
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Barnstable
Population (2010)
 • Total 14,089 [1]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 02601
Area code(s) 508 / 774
FIPS code 25-31820
GNIS feature ID 619333

Hyannis /ˌhˈænɪs/ is the largest of the seven villages in the town of Barnstable, Massachusetts, in the United States. It is the commercial and transportation hub of Cape Cod and was designated an urban area as of the 1990 census.[2][3] Because of this, many refer to Hyannis as the "Capital of the Cape". It contains a majority of the Barnstable Town offices and two important shopping districts, the historic downtown Main Street and the Route 132 Commercial District, including Cape Cod Mall and Independence Park, headquarters of Cape Cod Potato Chips. Cape Cod Hospital in Hyannis is the largest on Cape Cod.

Hyannis is a highly important tourist destination and the primary ferry boat and general aviation link for passengers and freight to Nantucket Island. Hyannis also provides secondary passenger access to the island of Martha's Vineyard, with the primary passenger access to Martha's Vineyard being located in Woods Hole, a village in the nearby town of Falmouth. Due to its large natural harbor, Hyannis is the largest recreational boating and second largest commercial fishing port on Cape Cod, behind only Provincetown.

The JFK Hyannis Museum in the old Town Hall on Main St. focuses on John F. Kennedy's time spent in the town. There is a memorial to President Kennedy on the Lewis Bay waterfront that was erected by Barnstable citizens in 1966. The memorial includes a fountain and a field-stone monument with the presidential seal and JFK inscription: "I believe it is important that this country sail and not sit still in the harbor." President-elect John F. Kennedy gave his victory speech on November 9, 1960, at the former Hyannis Armory, which is in the National Register of Historic Places.

The village is the namesake of the former United States Naval ship USS Hyannis (YTB-817).

History[edit]

The village was named after Iyannough, a sachem of the Cummaquid tribe.[4][5]

Education[edit]

Hyannis is home to Barnstable High School, the largest high school on Cape Cod. The school serves students in grades 8-12 and has an approximate enrollment of 2,400. Other high schools include Sturgis Charter Public School, a charter school featuring the International Baccalaureate program, and Pope John Paul II High School, the first and only college preparatory Catholic high school on Cape Cod. It is a part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Fall River. Trinity Christian Academy, which recently opened a high school, is also located in Hyannis. Saint Francis Xavier Preparatory School is a prep middle school. Cape Cod Community College, in nearby West Barnstable, is a two-year community college, known locally as "4-C's".

Transportation[edit]

John F. Kennedy Museum in Hyannis
Hyannis Harbor at night

Hyannis is the main point of origin for ferry service to Nantucket. The Steamship Authority runs a year-round two and a half hour auto ferry service to Nantucket. The island can also be reached by a passenger-only, one hour catamaran trip run by the Steamship Authority (seasonal) and Hy-Line Cruises (year-round). Hy-Line also runs a catamaran to Martha's Vineyard in season. One of the world's first Roll-On and Roll-Off ferries, the Searoad of Hyannis began operation in 1956 from Hyannis to Nantucket, with the capability to transport three loaded semi-trailers in any weather.[6]

Barnstable Municipal Airport (HYA) is the main air transportation hub for Cape Cod, with daily flights to both islands, Boston, Provincetown, and New York, served by Cape Air as well as several regional carriers.

Hyannis is also the hub of the Cape Cod Regional Transit Authority, which operates the only public-transit bus system on Cape Cod.

Freight rail service is provided by the Massachusetts Coastal Railroad. The Cape Cod Central Railroad operates seasonal tourist excursions from Hyannis (252 Main Street) to Sandwich and Sagamore, with some scheduled weekend stops at the West Barnstable depot on Route 149 near Route 6A. The nearest inter-city (Amtrak) passenger rail stations are Boston's South Station and Providence. The CapeFlyer provides weekend rail service between Hyannis and Boston during the summer, starting in 2013. The Kingston/Route 3 and Middleborough/Lakeville stations of the MBTA's commuter rail system provide more frequent service to Boston.

Cape Air, an area regional airline, is headquartered at the airport serving Hyannis.[7] Island Air and Nantucket Shuttle also service the Cape and Islands.

Demographics[edit]

In 2010, Hyannis had a total population of 14,089, living in 8,406 households. 19.80% of Hyannis' total 10,922 housing units were seasonally vacant. Hyannis had a disproportionate share of multi-family properties in comparison to the town and the county. Hyannis had an owner-occupancy rate of 58.3%, which was nearly 20 percentage points lower than that indicated for the town or the county. This difference is associated primarily with the amount of apartment properties in the village. A decline in younger, family formation households was attributed to the lack of suitable employment opportunities and "affordable" housing. The median value of owner-occupied housing units in Hyannis in 2000 was $149,720. The gross median rent in Hyannis was $718/month. In 2002, the median price for a single family home in Hyannis was $196,000.[citation needed]

Median head of household income was $38,467. 15.9% of households earned more than $75,000. 14.6% of Hyannis population lived below the poverty line. 18.74% were over 65 years old. Unemployment in Hyannis was 3.8% of the labor force. Hyannis is growing at the upper end and the lower end of the age cohorts, and although there has been an increase in persons 25 to 44 years of age, this has not necessarily been reflected in income change, as Hyannis witnessed an increase in the number of households earning $10,000 to $15,000 and a gain in the number of persons and families below the poverty level.[8]

Sports[edit]

Musical and literary references[edit]

Hyannis Port features in the song "Walcott" by Vampire Weekend, as part of the band's pleading with the eponymous Walcott to get out of Cape Cod: "Hyannis Port is a ghetto, out of Cape Cod tonight".

Hyannis is mentioned in the song "Rock and Roll Band" by Boston: "Dancin' in the streets of Hyannis, we were getting pretty good at the game..."

Hyannis Port is the setting for the short story "Welcome to the Monkey House" by Kurt Vonnegut, Jr.

Notable people born in Hyannis[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2010 Census for ZIP Code 02601, HYANNIS MA, 2010 Census, Population Demographics. Zip-codes.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  2. ^ City of Barnstable (1997) Comprehensive Plan, Section 4.0 - Community Facilities and Services, retrieved 4/17/2007 [1]
  3. ^ Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Federal Register (May 1, 2002) Volume 67, Number 84, Page 21964, from the Federal Register Online via GPO Access, wais.access.gpo.gov, DOCID:fr01my02-148, retrieved 5/29/2007 [2]
  4. ^ "Profile for Hyannis, Massachusetts". ePodunk. Retrieved 2010-05-21. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 164. 
  6. ^ "Roll-On Roll-Off Ship" Popular Mechanics, April 1956, p. 87
  7. ^ "We want to help." Cape Air. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.
  8. ^ RKG Associates Inc. (February 2003) Market Analysis for Hyannis, MA, Town of Barnstable, Massachusetts, retrieved 4/17/2007; Market Analysis for Hyannis

External links[edit]