Hyattsville, Maryland

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Hyattsville, Maryland
City
City of Hyattsville
Official seal of Hyattsville, Maryland
Seal
Motto: "A World Within Walking Distance"[1]
Location in Maryland
Location in Maryland
Coordinates: 38°57′25″N 76°57′5″W / 38.95694°N 76.95139°W / 38.95694; -76.95139Coordinates: 38°57′25″N 76°57′5″W / 38.95694°N 76.95139°W / 38.95694; -76.95139
Country  United States of America
State  Maryland
County Prince George's
Incorporated 1886
Government
 • Mayor Marc Tartaro
Area[2]
 • Total 2.70 sq mi (6.99 km2)
 • Land 2.67 sq mi (6.92 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation 105 ft (32 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 17,557
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 17,865
 • Density 6,575.7/sq mi (2,538.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 301
FIPS code 24-41250
GNIS feature ID 0597595
Website http://www.hyattsville.org/

Hyattsville is a city in Prince George's County, Maryland,[5] and also a close, urban suburb of Washington D.C. The population was 17,557 at the 2010 United States Census.[6]

History[edit]

The city was named for its founder, Christopher Clark Hyatt.

As a community inside the Capital Beltway, Hyattsville enjoys access to Washington through the West Hyattsville and Prince George's Plaza metro stations, which lead to the Metro subway system's Green Line. The city also has access to Baltimore via the MARC commuter rail trains on the Camden Line in the neighboring town of Riverdale Park.

The historic district of the city is home to a number of Victorian houses built in the late 1880s and Sears bungalows and Arts & Crafts houses built between the wars (late 1910s and early 1940s). Historic Hyattsville is roughly bounded by Madison Street, East West Highway, and Oliver Street to the north; Route 1 to the east; Magruder Park to the south; and 39th Avenue, 42nd Avenue, and 42nd Place to the west.[7]

Neighborhood character[edit]

Hyattsville is mostly a leafy, semi-urban area with many trees and many small to medium sized houses with small yards.. It also has some apartments complexes, notably on it's north side and also the side closest to the city of Maryland. It also has some small office buildings and housing projects in a small part of it's north side. University Boulevard runs through the heart of the area.

Traditionally it was a 1940s blue-collar town where many of the residents had been able to purchase small red brick or wooden homes with porches. The area has always had a large presence of University of Maryland students, faculty and staff residents as well. It also has a large and growing middle-class African American population.

The area originally had it's own small town Maryland identity but was eventually engulfed and surrounded by post-war urban expansion. Although many of the original residents have left, there are still a significant number of original residents living in the town and traditional community events are still well attended and still reveal the old culture and community. Many of the original residents have classic Maryland accents, although not like the Baltimore accent, there are some similarities. Washington D.C. and it's close Northern and Northwestern suburbs once had large blue collar Irish populations and some of this influence is still present in the remnants of the older community.

Hyattsville also once also had a significant counter-cultural community, dating back to the 1960's, with many group houses and some small counter-cultural businesses and organizations present in the town. This community maintained a significant minority presence through the 1990's, although it is now beginning to fade.

Geography[edit]

Hyattsville is located at 38°57′25″N 76°57′5″W / 38.95694°N 76.95139°W / 38.95694; -76.95139 (38.956910, -76.951270).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.70 square miles (6.99 km2), of which, 2.67 square miles (6.92 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Hyattsville has attracted a significant gay and lesbian population. In 2000, same-sex couples accounted for 1.3 percent of households, more than double the national average.[9]

2010 census[edit]

Population by Race in Hyattsville Maryland (2010)
Race Population  % of Total
Total 17,557 100
African American 6,258 35
Hispanic 5,972 34
Caucasian 5,826 33
Other 3,750 21
Two or More Races 807 4
Asian 768 4
Native Americans 139 < 1%
[10]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 17,557 people, 6,324 households, and 3,724 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,575.7 inhabitants per square mile (2,538.9 /km2). There were 6,837 housing units at an average density of 2,560.7 per square mile (988.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 33.2% White, 35.6% African American, 0.8% Native American, 4.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 21.4% from other races, and 4.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 34.0% of the population.

There were 6,324 households of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.4% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.1% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.39.

The median age in the city was 32.1 years. 22.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 12.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 34.7% were from 25 to 44; 23.2% were from 45 to 64; and 7.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.8% male and 49.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 14,733 people, 5,540 households, and 3,368 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,885.9 people per square mile (2,658.2/km²). There were 5,795 housing units at an average density of 2,708.5 per square mile (1,045.5/km²). The ethnic makeup of the city was 41.03% African American, 39.53% White, 18.14% Hispanic or Latino 0.50% Native American, 4.02% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 10.91% from other races, and 3.98% from two or more races.

There were 5,540 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.3% were married couples living together, 17.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.2% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,355, and the median income for a family was $51,625. Males had a median income of $33,163 versus $31,088 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,152. About 7.9% of families and 10.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.

Religion[edit]

  • Beth Torah Congregation
  • Christian Fellowship Assembly
  • Church of God of Prophecy
  • Crossover Church
  • First Baptist Church of Hyattsville
  • First United Methodist Church
  • Ghanaian Seventh-Day Adventist Church
  • Hyattsville Mennonite Church
  • Metropolitan Seventh Day Adventist Church[12]
  • Redeemer Lutheran Church
  • St. Jerome's Catholic Church
  • St. Mark the Evangelist Catholic Church[13]
  • St. Matthew's Episcopal Church
  • Second Church of God and Saints of Christ
  • Turner Memorial A.M.E. Church
  • University Christian Church
  • West Hyattsville Baptist Church

Arts and culture[edit]

Historic sites[edit]

The following is a list of historic sites in Hyattsville identified by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission:[14] In 1982, a portion of the city was placed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Hyattsville Historic District; the district was extended in late 2004.

Site Name Image Location M-NCPPC Inventory Number Comment
1 Dorr House 4525 Buchanan Street 68-077
2 Edgewood 4115 Hamilton Street 68-010-65
3 Fox’s Barn 5011 42nd Avenue 68-010-74
4 Hitching Post Hill (Ash Hill) Ash Hill Nov 08.JPG 3308 Rosemary Lane 68-001 Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, September 16, 1977
5 Frederick Holden House 4110 Gallatin Street 68-010-17
6 Lewis Holden House 4112 Gallatin Street 68-010-02
7 Hyattsville Armory Hyattsville Armorry Entrance Nov 08.JPG 5340 Baltimore Avenue 68-041-09 Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, March 27, 1980
8 Hyattsville Post Office Hyattsville PO Nov 08.JPG 4325 Gallatin Street 68-041-40 Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, July 24, 1986
9 W.G. Lown House 4107 Gallatin Street 68-010-35
10 Marché House 4200 Crittenden Street 68-010-62
11 McEwen House 4106 Gallatin Street 68-010-16
12 Paxton House 122 42nd Avenue 68-076
13 Poppleton-Roberts House 5104 Emerson Street 68-079-01
14 Prince George's Bank 5214 Baltimore Avenue 68-041-02
15 Professional Building 5200 Baltimore Avenue 68-041-01
16 Harriet Ralston House 4206 Decatur Street 68-010-25
17 William Shepherd House 5108 42nd Avenue 68-010-73
18 Benjamin Smith House 5104 42nd Avenue 68-010-34
19 Welsh House 4200 Farragut Street 68-010-01
20 Wheelock House 4100 Crittenden Street 68-010-31
21 Wilson-Ferrier-Windsor House 4106 Crittenden Street 68-010-80

Public Art[edit]

Various public artwork sculptures, murals, and mosaics have been commissioned throughout the City of Hyattsville, thanks to Prince George's Art in Public Places Program, M-NCPPC's Department of Parks and Recreation, the Hyattsville CDC and the Prince George's Arts & Humanities Council. A full Public Art Locator is located on MyGatewayArts.org.

Arts District[edit]

Downtown Hyattsville is also undergoing revitalization as part of the Gateway Arts District, in the form of the Arts District Hyattsville private development project, which includes townhomes, live-work units, and retail space. The master developer of the 25-acre neighborhood is Bethesda-based EYA. The "economic development town center" of the arts district, the development is being constructed by EYA, Pulte Homes, StreetSense, and Bozzuto Homes. A Busboys and Poets restaurant opened in July 2011; other retail offerings include Yes! Organic Market, Elevation Burger, Chipotle Mexican Grill, Spice 6 Modern Indian, and Tara Thai.[15]

Government[edit]

When first incorporated, Hyattsville was run by a Board of Commissioners; in May 1900, it switched to a mayor and common council system. Today, the city government consists of a popularly elected mayor and a ten-person city council. Each of the five wards in the city are represented by two popularly elected councilmen.

Presidents of the Board of Commissioners[edit]

  • Richard P. Evans (1886–87)
  • Francis H. Smith (1887–89)
  • Francis J. Gramlick (1889–90)
  • Jackson H. Ralston (1890–91)
  • Frederic A. Holden (1891–92)
  • Jackson H. Ralston (1892–93)
  • Francis H. Smith (1893–97)
  • Michael V. Tierney (1897–98)
  • L. K. Miller (1898–99)
  • Charles E. Postley (1899–1900)

Mayors[edit]

  • Gregory W. Eberwein (1898–00)
  • Michael V. Tierney (1900–02)
  • Charles A. Wells (1902–06)
  • Joseph R. Owens (1906–08)
  • John J. Fainter (acting mayor) (1908–09)
  • William P. Magruder (1909–11)
  • Roger Bellis (1911–12)
  • Harry W. Shepherd (1912–14)
  • Oswald A. Greagor (1914–15)
  • Edward Devlin (1915–16)
  • John G. Holden (1916–17)
  • William A. Brooks (1917–19)
  • Matthew F. Halloran (1919–20)
  • T. Hammond Welsh (1920–21)
  • J. Frank Rushe (1921–25)
  • Irvin Owings (1925–27)
  • Hillary T. Willis (1927–31)
  • Lemuel L. Gray (1931–33)
  • Hillary T. Willis (1933–38)
  • E. Murray Gover (1938–46)
  • R. T. Plitt (acting mayor) (1946–47)
  • Caesar L. Aiello (1947–51)
  • Jesse S. Baggett (1951–54)
  • Thomas E. Arnold (acting mayor) (1954–55)
  • George J. O'Hare (1955–59)
  • Joseph F. Lilly (1959–67)
  • Charles L. Armentrout (1967–75)
  • George C. Harrison (1975–76)
  • Jeremiah Harrington (1976–79)
  • Thomas L. Bass (1979–95)
  • Mary K. Prangley (1995–99)
  • Robert W. Armentrout (1999–2003)
  • William F. Gardiner (2003–2011)
  • Marc Tartaro (2011– )

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Public schools[edit]

The city is served by Prince George's County Public Schools.[16]

Hyattsville is zoned primarily to the following public schools:

  • Hyattsville Elementary School
  • Rosa Parks Elementary School
  • University Park Elementary School
  • Rogers Heights Elementary School
  • Hyattsville Middle School
  • Nicholas Orem Middle School
  • Northwestern High School

Private schools[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Hyattsville is served by the West Hyattsville and Prince George's Plaza stations on the Washington Metro Green Line, as well as several Metrobus, TheBus, and Shuttle-UM routes.

Revitalization Projects[edit]

The city has undergone a major redevelopment over the last decade, including residential and retail development in the Arts District Hyattsville private development (located in the Gateway Arts District), and the area surrounding Prince George's Plaza.

One new major development is the University Town Center, which is located across Belcrest Road from The Mall at Prince Georges. UTC contains residential condos, student housing, office buildings, a public plaza, and retail space, including a 14-screen movie theater and several restaurants. The location is popular with university students, due to its close proximity to the University of Maryland, College Park, University of Maryland, University College, and Prince George's Community College. There is also a bus stop located just outside of the residential apartments, which services not only local county and city transit systems, but also several university shuttles, including the University of Maryland and Howard University.[17][18]

The National Center for Health Statistics, part of the Department of Health and Human Services, is headquartered in Hyattsville and located at University Town Center.

In popular culture[edit]

The city of Hyattsville has expressed concern that crime in non-Hyattsville locations sharing the same ZIP codes creates an image problem for the city.[19] The city was involved in a minor controversy in April 2006. In the episode airing April 27, the Geena Davis television series Commander in Chief depicted Hyattsville as having the highest murder rate in the United States; it also indirectly depicted the town as being an urban ghetto dominated by poor minorities. The city and Prince George's County were very upset at ABC. On May 1, ABC formally apologized to both the city and county.[20]

The violent crime rate per 1,000 residents has significantly decreased, from 11.42 in 2007[21] to 8.16 in 2010.[22]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Hyattsville, Maryland". City of Hyattsville, Maryland. Retrieved August 25, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-26. 
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Hyattsville, Maryland
  6. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Hyattsville city, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 8, 2011. 
  7. ^ Reinink, Amy. "It's old, but never old hat". The Washington Post. p. E6. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "Just Another Way to Be Suburban: In Pr. George's, Same-Sex Couples Grow in Number, Visibility," by Lonnae O'Neal Parker, The Washington Post, June 29, 2009.
  10. ^ "Hyattsville Maryland Population Statistics". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2013. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ http://www.metrosda.org
  13. ^ http://www.lpiwebsuccess.com/websuccess/ViewMainMenu.do?subdomain=stmarkhyattsville
  14. ^ M-NCPPC Illustrated Inventory of Historic Sites (Prince George's County, Maryland), 2011.
  15. ^ Gross, Daniel J (August 30, 2011). "New Organic Market Opening Furthers Hyattsville's Arts District Development". Gazette.net (Post-Newsweek Media Inc). 
  16. ^ "Prince George's County Public Schools". Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved August 25, 2012. 
  17. ^ http://www.utcliving.com/utc.cfm
  18. ^ http://www.transportation.umd.edu/images/Shuttle/Schedules%20pdfs/current/113_UTC.pdf
  19. ^ "Community Legacy Revitalization Plan". 
  20. ^ [1]
  21. ^ "Universal Crime Rates, Table 8: Maryland". Federal Bureau of Investigation. 2007. 
  22. ^ "Universal Crime Rates, Table 8: Maryland". Federal Bureau of Investigation. 2010. 

External links[edit]