Hyde (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°26′49″N 2°04′55″W / 53.447°N 2.082°W / 53.447; -2.082

Hyde
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County Cheshire
Major settlements Hyde
18851918
Number of members One
Replaced by Stalybridge & Hyde
Created from East Cheshire

Hyde was a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 until 1918. It was seated in the town of Hyde, Cheshire.

From the 1918 general election onwards, the town has been represented in parliament through the constituency of Stalybridge and Hyde.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency, officially Cheshire, Hyde Division, was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 and consisted of the following parishes and townships in north east Cheshire:[1] Bredbury, the part of Brinnington outside the Municipal Borough of Stockport, Godley , Hattersley, Hollingworth, Hyde, Marple, Mottram, Newton, Offerton, Romiley, Tintwistle, Torkington and Werneth.

Abolition[edit]

The Representation of the People Act 1918 reorganised constituencies throughout Great Britain. The bulk of the Hyde constituency was merged with parliamentary borough of Stalybridge to form the new seat of Stalybridge and Hyde. The Bredbury, Marple and Romiley areas passed to the Macclesfield constituency, while Offerton and Torkington were included in Knutsford.[1]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Thomas Gair Ashton Liberal
1886 Joseph Watson Sidebotham Conservative
1900 Edward Chapman Conservative
1906 Charles Duncan Schwann Liberal
1910 Francis Neilson Liberal
1916 by-election Thomas Owen Jacobsen Liberal
1918 Constituency abolished. See Stalybridge and Hyde

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Hyde [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Gair Ashton 4,546 53.3 n/a
Conservative William John Legh 3,990 46.7 n/a
Majority 556 6.6 n/a
Turnout 91.5 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Hyde [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Joseph Watson Sidebotham 4,328 52.7 +6.0
Liberal Thomas Gair Ashton 3,885 47.3 -6.0
Majority 443 5.4 12.0
Turnout 88.0 -3.5
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +6.0

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Hyde [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Joseph Watson Sidebotham 4,525 51.7 -1.0
Liberal Thomas Gair Ashton 4,220 48.3 +1.0
Majority 305 3.4 -2.0
Turnout 90.0
Conservative hold Swing -1.0
General Election 1895: Hyde [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Joseph Watson Sidebotham 4,735 52.4 +0.7
Liberal George Wood Rhodes 3,844 42.6 -5.7
Ind. Labour Party GS Christie 448 5.0 n/a
Majority 891 9.8 +6.4
Turnout 88.4 -1.6
Conservative hold Swing +3.2

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Hyde [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Chapman 4,774 53.2
Liberal John Fowler Leece Brunner 4,195 46.8
Majority 579 6.4
Turnout 88.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1906: Hyde [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Duncan Schwann 5,545 55.3 +8.5
Conservative Edward Chapman 4,482 44.7 -8.5
Majority 1,063 10.6 17.0
Turnout 88.6 +3.1
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +8.5

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Hyde [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Francis Neilson 4,476 39.5 -15.8
Conservative Dr Tom Eastham 4,461 39.3 -7.5
Labour William Crawford Anderson 2,401 21.2 n/a
Majority 15 0.2 -10.4
Turnout 93.2 +4.6
Liberal hold Swing -4.1
General Election December 1910: Hyde [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Francis Neilson 5,562 51.4 +11.9
Conservative Tom Smith 5,268 48.6 +9.3
Majority 294 2.8 +2.6
Turnout 89.0 -4.2
Liberal hold Swing +1.3

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Hyde by-election, 1916[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Owen Jacobsen 4,089 56.0
Independent
  • DP Davies
3,215 44.0
Majority 874 12.0
Turnout 54.7
Liberal hold Swing
  • nominee of the National Union of Attested Married Men, an organisation opposed to the government's policy on conscription.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b F A Youngs Jr., Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.II: Northern England, London, 1991
  2. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  10. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

Sources[edit]