Hyde Park, New York

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This article is about the town. For the village on Long Island, see New Hyde Park, New York. For the hamlet in Otsego County, see Cooperstown, New York.
Hyde Park, New York
Town
Hyde Park Dutch Reformed Church
Hyde Park Dutch Reformed Church
Location of Hyde Park, New York
Location of Hyde Park, New York
Coordinates: 41°47′N 73°54′W / 41.783°N 73.900°W / 41.783; -73.900Coordinates: 41°47′N 73°54′W / 41.783°N 73.900°W / 41.783; -73.900
Country United States
State New York
County Dutchess
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Town Supervisor Aileen Rohr (D)
 • Town Council
Area
 • Total 39.9 sq mi (103.2 km2)
 • Land 37.0 sq mi (95.7 km2)
 • Water 2.9 sq mi (7.5 km2)
Elevation 240 ft (73 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 21,571
 • Density 540/sq mi (210/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 12538
Area code(s) 845
FIPS code 36-37209
GNIS feature ID 0979090

Hyde Park, New York is a town located in the western portion of Dutchess County, New York, United States, along the Hudson River and just north of the town of Poughkeepsie. Hyde Park is most famous for being the hometown of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. His grandfather's home there, the Isaac Roosevelt House, is listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places, as are the homes of Franklin D. Roosevelt himself, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Frederick William Vanderbilt, along with Franklin D. Roosevelt High School.

Hyde Park is the location of The Culinary Institute of America, a residential college devoted to culinary and pastry arts.

The population was 21,571 at the 2010 census. US 9 passes through the town near the Hudson River.

History[edit]

Settlement of the region officially began around 1742, but may have begun as early as 1710. The name of the area was changed to "Hyde Park" around 1810. Previously, it was part of the Fauconnier Patent and was named "Stoutenburgh", after an early settler. Part of the town was from the Great Nine Partners Patent of 1697.

Franklin Roosevelt House

Dr. John Bard had called his estate "Hyde Park" in honor of Edward Hyde, who was Lord Cornbury and Governor of New York. In 1804 a tavern keeper whose business was slow named the tavern "Hyde Park Inn", much to the annoyance of Dr. Bard. Miller, the tavern keeper, applied for a post office to be located at his Inn, which was nothing unusual. The request was granted as the "Hyde Park Post office". Because the Post Office's name was "Hyde Park", and thus residents' mailing address was "Hyde Park", the area slowly started to be commonly called "Hyde Park". Finally, this caused a change of the settlement's name from Stoutenburgh to Hyde Park officially in 1812. Hyde Park was included in the Town of Clinton until 1821, when the town of Hyde Park was formed. Right outside the town borders was the Hyde Park Railroad Station, used by many of the town residents, including the Roosevelts.

In 1900, the town's population was 2,806.

The town includes one of the many mansions of Frederick William Vanderbilt, now maintained as Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site.

The Roosevelt Family[edit]

Hyde Park is the hometown of Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882–1945), 32nd President of the United States (1933–1945).[1] His estate, Springwood, is the site of the Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site maintained by the National Park Service. Also on the site are his presidential library and museum.[1] Roosevelt used this residence throughout his life. FDR's historical house is now a museum that can be visited.

Val-Kill was the home of Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of Franklin D. Roosevelt. It is located about 2 miles (3 km) away from the home of FDR.[2]

Franklin D. Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt are both buried in the rose garden of the Springwood estate.[3]

President Roosevelt's father, James Roosevelt, Sr., served a term as supervisor of the town of Hyde Park.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 39.8 square miles (103 km2), of which, 37.0 square miles (96 km2) of it is land and 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2) of it (7.25%) is water.

The Hudson River defines the west town line, which is at the border of Ulster County. Hyde Park also borders the town of Poughkeepsie to the south, Rhinebeck to the north, and Clinton and Pleasant Valley to the east.

Demographics[edit]

The Post Office

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 20,851 people, 7,395 households, and 5,220 families residing in the town. The population density was 564.2 people per square mile (217.8/km²). There were 7,704 housing units at an average density of 208.5 per square mile (80.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 91.02% White, 4.25% African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.39% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 1.19% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.23% of the population.

There were 7,395 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the town the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $50,870, and the median income for a family was $58,047. Males had a median income of $42,251 versus $28,176 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,260. About 4.4% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.3% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Hyde Park[edit]

  • The Culinary Institute of America'— the primary branch of the culinary school, in the southern part of the town, between Route 9 and the Hudson River.
  • East Park—A hamlet east of Hyde Park village.
  • Haviland—A community in the southern part of the town.
  • Hyde Park—The hamlet of Hyde Park is on Route 9 near the Hudson River.
  • Mills State Park—Located along the Hudson River in Staatsburg hamlet. Built by Morgan Lewis and his wife, Gertrude Livingston. It is open to the public and includes house tours and hiking trails.
  • Norrie State Park—Located in the northern part of the town, adjoining Mills State Park, and including Norrie Point marina, environmental center, and hiking trails.
  • Poughkeepsie Yacht Club—Located along the Hudson River in Staatsburg hamlet.
  • Staatsburg—A hamlet by the Hudson River in the northwest part of the town.

Notable residents[edit]

Hyde Park native, Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933
Eleanor Roosevelt's White House portrait
Portrait of Frederick W. Vanderbilt
George Browne of the New York Giants

This is a list of notable people born, raised, living or have lived in the Town of Hyde Park or in a hamlet of the greater Hyde Park area at some point in their lives.

Actors (film and television)
Artists
Business people
Culinary arts
Journalism
Music
Political figures
Religious figures
Science and Medicine
Sports
Writers

Held residency in Hyde Park while working or receiving education

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Plan Your Visit – Home of Franklin D Roosevelt National Historic Site". Nps.gov. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  2. ^ "Nearby Attractions – Home of Franklin D Roosevelt National Historic Site". Nps.gov. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  3. ^ "Franklin D. Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt". Findagrave.com. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]