Hydnora africana

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Hydnora africana
Hydnora africana flowers, Karasburg Constituency, Namibia, 2002
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Magnoliids
Order: Piperales
Family: Hydnoraceae
Genus: Hydnora
Species: H. africana
Binomial name
Hydnora africana

Hydnora africana is an achlorophyllous plant native to southern Africa that is parasitic on the roots of members of the Euphorbiaceae family.[citation needed] The plant grows underground, except for a fleshy flower that emerges above ground and emits an odor of feces to attract its natural pollinators, dung beetles,[citation needed] and carrion beetles.[1] The flowers act as temporary traps, retaining the beetles that enter long enough for them to pick up pollen.[2]

Emerging Hydnora africana in Namibian desert. 2000.


  1. ^ Waser, Nickoloas Merritt; Ollerton, Jeff, eds. (2006). "Table 6.1: Angiosperms with rewardless flowers". Plant-Pollinator Interactions: From Specialization to Generalization. University of Chicago Press. pp. 126–9. ISBN 978-0-226-87400-5. 
  2. ^ "BSA Parasitic Plant Pages- Hydnora Africana". Botanical Society of America. Retrieved 9 June 2013.