A hydrogen infrastructure is the infrastructure of hydrogen pipeline transport, points of hydrogen production and hydrogen stations, (sometimes clustered as a hydrogen highway) for distribution and sale of hydrogen fuel.
Hydrogen stations which are not situated near a hydrogen pipeline get supply via hydrogen tanks, compressed hydrogen tube trailers, liquid hydrogen trailers, liquid hydrogen tank trucks or dedicated onsite production. Some firms as ITM Power are also providing solutions to make your own hydrogen (for use in the car) at home.
Hydrogen pipeline transport
Hydrogen pipeline transport is a transportation of hydrogen through a pipe as part of the hydrogen infrastructure. Hydrogen pipeline transport is used to connect the point of hydrogen production or delivery of hydrogen with the point of demand, pipeline transport costs are similar to CNG, the technology is proven, however most hydrogen is produced on the place of demand with every 50 to 100 miles (80 to 161 km) an industrial production facility. As of 2004 there are 900 miles (1,448 km) of low pressure hydrogen pipelines in the USA and 930 miles (1,497 km) in Europe.
- Hydrogen infrastructure project launches in USA
- Running on home-brewed hydrogen
- Compressorless Hydrogen Transmission Pipelines
- DOE Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop
- Every 50 to 100 miles (80 to 161 km)
- Milibrand, A. and Mann, M. “Potential for Hydrogen Production from Key Renewable Resources in the United States”. “National Renewable Energy Laboratory”, February 2007, accessed August 2, 2011