A Hydrogen tank (other names- cartridge or canister) is used for hydrogen storage. The first type IV hydrogen tanks for compressed hydrogen at 700 Bar (10,000 PSI) were demonstrated in 2001, the first fuel cell vehicles on the road with type IV tanks are the Toyota FCHV, Mercedes-Benz F-Cell and the HydroGen4.
Low pressure tanks
Various applications has allowed the development of different H2 storage scenario. Recently, the Hy-Can consortium has introduced a small one liter, 10 bar format
- Metal tank (steel/aluminum)
- Approximate maximum pressure, aluminum 175 bar or 2,538 psi, steel 200 bar or 2,900 psi.
- Metal tank (aluminum) with filament windings like glass fiber/aramid or carbon fiber around the metal cylinder. See composite overwrapped pressure vessel.
- Approximate maximum pressure, aluminum/glass 263 bar or 3,814 psi, steel/carbon or aramide 299 bar or 4,336 psi.
- Tanks made from composite material, fiberglass/aramid or carbon fiber with a metal liner (aluminum or steel). See metal matrix composite.
- Approximate maximum pressure, aluminum/glass 305 bar or 4,423 psi, aluminum/aramide 438 bar or 6,352 psi, aluminium/ carbon 700 bar or 10,153 psi.
- Composite tanks such as carbon fiber with a polymer liner (thermoplastic). See rotational molding and fibre-reinforced plastic.
- Approximate maximum pressure, plastic/carbon 661 bar (9,586 psi) and up.
Tank testing considerations
In accordance with ISO/TS 15869 (revised):
- Burst test: the pressure at which the tank bursts, typically more than 2x the working pressure.
- Proof pressure: the pressure at which the test will be executed, typically above the working pressure.
- Leak test or permeation test, in NmL/hr/L (Normal liter of H2/time in hr/volume of the tank.
- Fatigue test, typically several thousand cycles of charging/emptying.
- Bonfire test where the tank is exposed to an open fire.
- Bullet test where real bullets are fired at the tank.
Actual Standard EC 79/2009
Metal Hydride storage tank
Using Magnesium for hydrogen storage, a safe but weighty reversible storage technology. Typically the pressure requirement are limited to 10 bar. The charging process generates heat whereas the discharge process will require some heat to release the H2 contained in the storage material. To activate those type of hydrides, you need to reach at least 300°C. 
see also Sodium Aluminum Hydride
- 2008 - Japan, a clay-based film sandwiched between prepregs of CFRP.
- International hydrogen fuel and pressure vessel forum 2010
- R&D of large stationary hydrogen/CNG/HCNG storage vessels
- CNG & Hydrogen tank safety, R&D, and testing
- Onboard storage of hydrogen-Page 2
- Onboard type IV vessels
- KCR-CAE Composite tank
- Modeling of dispersion following hydrogen permeation for safety engineering and risk assessment
- CNRS Institut Neel H2 Storage
- Storage by Mc-Phy
- Development of a Clay-Plastic Composite Material with Good Hydrogen Gas Barrier Property