3, See table.
Hydromantes commonly referred to as Web-toed Salamanders is a genus of the Plethodontidae family of salamanders, which is characterized by their absence of lungs; they instead achieve respiration through their skin and the tissues lining their mouth. They are endemic to Northern California, USA. Similar species endemic to southern France and Italy are now separated to a distinct genus, speleomantes. Salamanders of this genus are distinguished in having extremely long tongues that they can project 80% of body length.
The following three species (found in California) are placed in this genus:
|Binomial Name and Author||Common Name|
|Mount Lyell Salamander|
Gorman & Camp, 1953
- Hydromantes brunus : Limestone Salamander
- Deban, S. M., O’Reilly, J. C., Dicke, U. and van Leeuwen, J. L. (2007). Extremely high-power tongue projection in plethodontid salamanders. Journal of Experimental Biology. 210: 655-667.
- Frost, Darrel R. 2007. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.2 (15 July 2008). Hydromantes. Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.php. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. (Accessed: August 1, 2008).
- AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. 2008. Berkeley, California: Hydromantes. AmphibiaWeb, available at http://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed: August 1, 2008).
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