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Web-toed Salamanders
Hydromantes platycephalus.jpg
Hydromantes platycephalus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Plethodontidae
Subfamily: Plethodontinae
Genus: Hydromantes
Gistel, 1848

3, See table.

Hydromantes commonly referred to as Web-toed Salamanders is a genus of the Plethodontidae family of salamanders, which is characterized by their absence of lungs; they instead achieve respiration through their skin and the tissues lining their mouth. They are endemic to Northern California, USA.[1] Similar species endemic to southern France and Italy are now separated to a distinct genus, speleomantes. Salamanders of this genus are distinguished in having extremely long tongues that they can project 80% of body length.[2]


The following three species (found in California) are placed in this genus:

Binomial Name and Author Common Name
Hydromantes brunus
Gorman, 1954
Limestone Salamander
Hydromantes platycephalus
(Camp, 1916)
Mount Lyell Salamander
Hydromantes shastae
Gorman & Camp, 1953
Shasta Salamander


  1. ^ Hydromantes brunus : Limestone Salamander
  2. ^ Deban, S. M., O’Reilly, J. C., Dicke, U. and van Leeuwen, J. L. (2007). Extremely high-power tongue projection in plethodontid salamanders. Journal of Experimental Biology. 210: 655-667.

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