|Molar mass||129.6158 g mol−1|
|Density||3.310 g/cm3, gas
2.57 g/cm3 (-20 °C, liquid)
|Melting point||−49 °C (224 K) ( |
|Boiling point||−2.2 °C (271.8 K)(unstable above -2 °C)|
|Solubility in water||0.70 g/100 mL|
|Std enthalpy of
|Related compounds||telluric acid
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
Hydrogen telluride (tellurane) is the inorganic compound with the formula H2Te. The simplest hydride of tellurium, it is rarely encountered because it decomposes rapidly to the constituent elements. However, the gas can exist at very low concentrations long enough to be readily detected by the odour of rotting garlic at extremely low concentrations; or by the much more revolting odour of rotting leeks at somewhat higher concentrations. Most compounds with Te-H bonds (tellurols) are unstable with respect to loss of H2. H2Te is chemically and structurally similar to hydrogen selenide, both are acidic. The H-Te-H angle is about 90°. Volatile tellurium compounds often have unpleasant odours, reminiscent of decayed leeks or garlic.
H2Te is prepared by the acidification of salts of Te2−, such as Al2Te3 and Na2Te. Na2Te can be generated by the reaction of Na and Te in anhydrous ammonia. The intermediate in the acidification, HTe−
, is a stable anion. Sodium hydrogen telluride, NaHTe, can be made by reducing tellurium with NaBH
- Al2Te3 + 6 H2O → 2 Al(OH)3 + 3 H2Te
Magnesium and alkali metal tellurides can also be hydrolyzed. Usually these procedures require acid since the H2Te is rather acidic. Electrolytic methods have been developed.
- 2 H
2Te + O
2 → 2 H
2O + 2 Te
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