Hygromiidae

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Hygromiidae
Trochulus hispidus live.jpg
A live individual of Trochulus hispidus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
informal group Sigmurethra
Superfamily: Helicoidea
Family: Hygromiidae
Tryon, 1866

Hygromiidae is a taxonomic family of small to medium-sized air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Helicoidea.

Anatomy[edit]

Some snails in genera within this family create and use love darts as part of their courtship and mating behavior.

In this family, the number of haploid chromosomes lies between 26 and 30 (according to the values in this table).[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

The family Hygromiidae consists of the following subfamilies (according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005):

  • subfamily Hygromiinae Tryon, 1866
    • tribe Hygromiini Tryon, 1866 - synonym: Cernuellini Schileyko, 1991
    • tribe Archaicini Schileyko, 1978
    • tribe Helicellini Ihering, 1909 - synonym: Jacostidae Pilsbry, 1948 (inv.)
    • tribe Leptaxini C. Boettger, 1909
    • tribe Metafruticicolini Schileyko, 1972
    • tribe Trochulini Lindholm, 1927 - synonym: Trichiinae Ložek, 1956; Helicopsini H. Nordsieck, 1987
  • subfamily Ciliellinae Schileyko, 1970 - synonym: Canariellini Schileyko, 1991
  • subfamily Geomitrinae C. Boettger, 1909
    • tribe Geomitrini C. Boettger, 1909 - synonym: Ochthephilinae Zilch, 1960 (n.a.)
    • tribe Paedhoplitini Schileyko, 1978
    • tribe Trochoideini H. Nordsieck, 1987
  • subfamily Monachainae Wenz, 1930 (1904) - Carthusianini Kobelt, 1904; Euomphaliinae Schileyko, 1978; Hesseolinae schileyko, 1991
  • subfamily Ponentininae Schileyko, 1991

Genera[edit]

Genera with the family Hygromiidae include:

The type genus of this family is Hygromia Risso, 1826.

subfamily Hygromiinae


  • tribe Archaicini
  • tribe Trochulini
    • Trochulus Chemnitz, 1786 - synonym: Trichia

subfamily Ciliellinae

subfamily Geomitrinae

subfamily Monachainae

subfamily Ponentininae

subfamily ?

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barker G. M.: Gastropods on Land: Phylogeny, Diversity and Adaptive Morphology. in Barker G. M. (ed.): The biology of terrestrial molluscs. CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK, 2001, ISBN 0-85199-318-4. 1-146, cited pages: 139 and 142.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Caucasian Land Snails". accessed May 2, 2014.
  3. ^ "Lozekia Hudec 1970". Fauna Europaea, accessed 13 September 2010.
  4. ^ Schileyko A. A. & Horsák M. (2007). "A new genus and two new species of Hygromiidae (Pulmonata) from southern Siberia". Ruthenica 17(1-2): 69-72. abstract.
  5. ^ Cucherat X. & Demuynck S. (2006). "Catalogue annoté des Gastéropodes terrestres (Mollusca, Gastropoda) de la région Nord - Pas-de-Calais". MalaCo, Bulletin de la Malacologie Continentale Française, (2): page 81. http://www.journal-malaco.fr/page-5.html
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Geomitrini". Fauna Europaea, last update 27 January 2011, accessed 4 August 2011.
  7. ^ "Trochoidea T. Brown 1827". Fauna Europaea, accessed 13 September 2010.
  8. ^ "Plentuisa Puente & Prieto 1992". Fauna Europaea, accessed 13 September 2010.
  9. ^ "Ponentina P. Hesse 1921". Fauna Europaea, accessed 13 September 2010.

External links[edit]