Hyllestad

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the municipality in Norway. For the village in Hyllestad municipality, see Hyllestad (village).
Hyllestad kommune
Municipality
View of the village of Hyllestad
View of the village of Hyllestad
Coat of arms of Hyllestad kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Hyllestad kommune
Sogn og Fjordane within
Norway
Hyllestad within Sogn og Fjordane
Hyllestad within Sogn og Fjordane
Coordinates: 61°09′48″N 05°20′20″E / 61.16333°N 5.33889°E / 61.16333; 5.33889Coordinates: 61°09′48″N 05°20′20″E / 61.16333°N 5.33889°E / 61.16333; 5.33889
Country Norway
County Sogn og Fjordane
District Sogn
Administrative centre Hyllestad
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Jan Olav Gjerde (Ap)
Area
 • Total 258.90 km2 (99.96 sq mi)
 • Land 247.81 km2 (95.68 sq mi)
 • Water 11.09 km2 (4.28 sq mi)
Area rank 296 in Norway
Population (2013)
 • Total 1,428
 • Rank 364 in Norway
 • Density 5.8/km2 (15/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -7.1 %
Demonym Hyllestadsokning[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1413
Official language form Nynorsk
Website www.hyllestad.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Hyllestad is a municipality in the county of Sogn og Fjordane, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Sogn. The administrative center is the village of Hyllestad. Other villages in the municipality include Sørbøvågen and Leirvik.

Hyllestad municipality has existed since 1862 when it was created from parts of the neighboring municipalities of Askvoll and Lavik. Hyllestad is located on the north side of the Sognefjorden, near the mouth of the fjord.

General information[edit]

View of the Birkeland area
View of an abandoned building with Lihesten in the background
View of Hyllestad Church with Lihesten in the background

Hyllestad was created as a municipality in 1862. Two sub-parishes (sokn) from the Askvoll parish (Øn and Hyllestad) and one sub-parish (sokn) from the Lavik og Brekke parish (Bø) were merged to form a separate municipality which was named Hyllestad. The population at that time in Hyllestad was 2,475. On 1 January 1888, the Krakken farm (population: 17) on the northeastern corner of the island of Sula was transferred from Hyllestad to the neighboring municipality of Utvær. The municipal boundaries have not changed since that time.[2][3]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old farm "Hyllestad" (Old Norse Hyllistaðir), since that was where the first Hyllestad Church in the parish was built. The meaning of the first element Hylli is unknown (perhaps an old uncompounded name of the nearby Hyllestadfjorden) and the last element is staðir which means "homestead" or "farm".[4]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. The arms were granted on 10 March 1989. It shows three white millstones on a blue background. The millstones were chosen because the production of millstones is the oldest industry in the municipality and has been very important to the life of the community.[5]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Hyllestad. It is part of the Sunnfjord deanery in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.

Churches in Hyllestad
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Hyllestad Bø Church Leirvik 1868
Hyllestad Church Hyllestad 1880
Øn Church Sørbøvågen 1958

Government[edit]

View of the municipal government building in Hyllestad

All municipalities in Norway, including Hyllestad, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Hyllestad is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to every four years. For 2011–2015, the party breakdown is as follows:[6]

Hyllestad Kommunestyre 2011–2015
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 5
  Conservative Party Høgre 3
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 5
  Local Lists Lokale lister 4
Total number of members: 17

Mayor[edit]

The mayor (ordførar) of a municipality in Norway is a representative of the majority party of the municipal council who is elected to lead the council. The mayor for the 2011-2015 term is Jan Olav Gjerde of the Labour Party.

Geography[edit]

View of the Rønset area
Lihesten (mountain in Hyllestad)
Another view of Lihesten

Hyllestad is located north of the Sognefjorden along the Åfjorden/Hyllestadfjorden, which flows through the middle of the municipality. Hyllestad is bordered to the north by the municipality of Fjaler, to the east by Høyanger, to the south (across the fjord) by Gulen, and to the west by the island municipality of Solund.

Attractions[edit]

Kvernsteins Millstone Park[edit]

The production of millstones in Hyllestad started over 1,000 years ago and used to be a major industry employing up to 1,000 people. Millstones were exported to Denmark, the Baltic Sea region, and across Norway. Many of the stone crosses to be seen along the coast are made from millstones from Hyllestad, including the crosses in Eivindvik and Korssund. The park offers nature trails that visualize the history of the industry, with debris, broken product, and half-carved stones still not separated from the rock surface. At the stonemason camp there is a guided tour of the historic stone quarry in the mill stone park and a visit to Åfjordstein where you can see how mill stones are used in a modern, new design.[7]

Lihesten[edit]

The majestic and bewitching Lihesten is one of the most prominent mountains on the coast of Norway. There are several marked routes to the peak, over 714 metres (2,343 ft) above sea level, with views both straight out to the open sea and inwards over the fjords. Lihesten also has a number of good fishing lakes.[7]

Trondheim Postal Road[edit]

Many bicyclists have described the well-preserved section of the Trondheim postal road between Hyllestad and Fjaler as one of the most exhilarating cycling experiences in the country. There were originally 19 stone bridges on the route between the villages of Dale and Leirvik, and many of them are still standing as proud and impressive examples of early dry masonry. There are only a few places along the 40 kilometres (25 mi) stretch between Dale in Fjaler and Leirvik in Hyllestad where the surface is so uneven that it is best to push a bike rather than ride it. Occasionally it is necessary to join the paved road (Fylkesvei 57), but most of the route is free from cars and idyllic.[7]

Water Mills[edit]

On the postroad, by Skor, lies a beautiful cluster of five authentic, newly renovated gristmills.[7]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Natvik, Oddvar (9 February 2005). "Some historical data on the 26 Kommunes". Retrieved 12 June 2008. 
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 
  4. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1919). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (12 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 235. 
  5. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2013-12-13. 
  6. ^ "Members of the local councils, by party/electoral lists and municipality" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2011. Retrieved 2013-12-13. 
  7. ^ a b c d GoNorway.no. "Hyllestad in Norway". Retrieved 12 June 2008.