Hylobates

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Hylobates[1][2]
Weisshandgibbon tierpark berlin.jpg
Lar gibbon
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Superfamily: Hominoidea
Family: Hylobatidae
Genus: Hylobates
Illiger, 1811
Type species
Hylobates lar
Linnaeus, 1771
Species
Hylobates distribution map with legend.svg
Distribution of Hylobates and its species (note: Bornean population formerly included in H. agilis is now generally considered a separate species, H. albibarbis)

The genus Hylobates /ˌhlɵˈbtz/ is one of the four genera of gibbons. Its name means ‘forest walker’, from the Greek hūlē (ὕλη, ‘forest’) and bates (βάτης, ‘one who treads’).[3][4]

It was once considered the only genus, but recently its subgenera (Hoolock [formerly Bunopithecus], Nomascus, and Symphalangus) have been elevated to the genus level.[1][5] Hylobates remains the most speciose and widespread of gibbon genera, ranging from southern China (Yunnan) to western and central Java.

Individuals within this genus are characterized by 44 chromosomes and often have a ring of white fur around their faces.[2]

Classification[edit]

Hybrids[edit]

Hybrids between Müller's Bornean gibbon (Hylobates muelleri) and the Bornean white-bearded gibbon, (Hylobates albibarbis) have been reported in areas of Borneo.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Groves, C. P. (2005). "Genus Hylobates". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 178–181. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  2. ^ a b c Geissmann, Thomas. "Gibbon Systematics and Species Identification". Retrieved 2006-04-13. 
  3. ^ βάτης. Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert; A Greek–English Lexicon at the Perseus Project: ‘one that treads or covers’
  4. ^ Craig, John (1848). A new universal etymological technological, and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. p. 962. 
  5. ^ Mootnick, A.; Groves, C. P. (2005). "A new generic name for the hoolock gibbon (Hylobatidae)". International Journal of Primatology 26 (26): 971–976. doi:10.1007/s10764-005-5332-4. 
  6. ^ Payne, J. and Francis, C. (2005). A Field Guide to the Mammals of Borneo. Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia: Sabah Society. p. 230. ISBN 967-99947-1-6. 

External links[edit]