Dionysios Solomos wrote the anthem in 1823 in Zakynthos and one year later was printed in Missolonghi. The hymn was set to music in 1865 by the Corfiotoperatic composer Nikolaos Mantzaros, who composed two choral versions, a long one for the whole poem and a short one for the first two stanzas; the latter is the one adopted as the National Anthem of Greece. The Greek anthem was adopted as the Cypriot anthem by order of the Council of Ministers in 1966.
The Constitution of Cyprus of 1960 does not mention anything about an anthem. After an agreement made between the two communities, in official circumstances, a piece of classical music should be played as the anthem. However, after rejecting the amendments of the Constitution proposed by Makarios, in 1963, the Turkish representation broke away from the Government. This resulted to the decision by the Council of Ministers to adopt as the official anthem of Cyprus, the Hymn to Liberty, on 16 November 1966. Hymn to Liberty was also the GreekRoyal Anthem (since 1864).