Hypercoaster

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The world's first hypercoaster, Magnum XL-200 at Cedar Point

A hypercoaster or megacoaster according to Intamin can mean one of two things:

Or, more narrowly:

  • A style or model of roller coaster with three features:[3][4][5][6]
    • A height of 200-299 feet or 61-91 meters
    • Lacks inverting elements
    • A full circuit coaster with a lift hill, not a launch

Out and back steel coasters smaller than 200 feet in both height and drop such as Steel Eel at SeaWorld San Antonio have sometimes been erroneously referred to as hypercoasters.[7]

History[edit]

The world's first hypercoaster was Magnum XL-200 by Cedar Point, costing $8,000,000 USD. Cedar Point chose Arrow Dynamics to design and construct Magnum XL-200. Construction on the world's tallest and fastest complete circuit roller coaster (at that time) began in 1988. By May 6, 1989, Magnum XL-200 was ready for riders. Since its debut, Magnum XL-200 has served more than 36 million guests.[8] Cedar Point's official blog states that after building the ride, "discussion was focused on just what a roller coaster such as Magnum should be called. After all, it had no loops like most of the other large steel coasters of the time and was so much bigger and faster than its non-looping brethren. After a couple of years, the name everyone agreed upon was hypercoaster."[9]

Description[edit]

Hypercoasters were originally built for speed and airtime, to counter the trend of constructing bigger and bigger looping coasters. To accomplish this the elements of a hypercoaster often include a large first drop, several additional drops of declining height, a large turn or helix and then many airtime-inducing hills. Hypercoasters are commonly designed with an out and back layout, although some hypercoasters, such as Raging Bull, are built with a twisted design.

Hypercoasters dominate the Amusement Today Golden Ticket Awards. For 2006, Superman: Ride of Steel, now known as Bizarro, located at Six Flags New England was ranked highest at #1. Several hypercoasters followed such as Magnum XL-200 (#3), Nitro (#4), Apollo's Chariot (#5). The hypercoasters make up the majority of the 2006 Top 10 Steel Coasters, filling 8/10 positions.[10] By 2010, hypercoasters held all of the top 10 spots on Amusement Today's list of "Top 50 Steel Roller Coasters" and 16 of the top 20.[11]

Hypercoasters were first manufactured by Arrow Dynamics in the late 1980s to early 1990s. Since then, a number of companies, including Bolliger & Mabillard, Intamin, D. H. Morgan Manufacturing, Giovanola and others have designed and constructed hypercoasters.

Though hypercoasters are typically steel roller coasters, Son of Beast at Kings Island was the first and only wooden hypercoaster. Due to a number of issues, the ride was eventually demolished in 2012.[12][13]

Hypercoasters[edit]

The hypercoaster Nitro at Six Flags Great Adventure
An Intamin coaster that meets the requirements for a hypercoaster Xcelerator at Knott's Berry Farm

The following are a list of all hypercoasters sorted by opening date:

Name Park Manufacturer Status Opened Height
Magnum XL-200 Cedar Point Arrow Dynamics Operating May 6, 1989 205 ft (62 m)
Desperado Buffalo Bill's Arrow Dynamics Operating May 14, 1994 209 ft (64 m)
Big One Pleasure Beach, Blackpool Arrow Dynamics Operating May 28, 1994 213 ft (65 m)
Wild Thing Valleyfair D. H. Morgan Manufacturing Operating May 11, 1996 207 ft (63 m)
Fujiyama Fuji-Q Highland TOGO Operating July 1996 259 ft (79 m)
Manhattan Express New York New York Hotel & Casino TOGO Operating January 3, 1997 203 ft (62 m)
Steel Force Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom D. H. Morgan Manufacturing Operating May 30, 1997 200 ft (61 m)
Mamba Worlds of Fun D. H. Morgan Manufacturing Operating April 18, 1998 205 ft (62 m)
Apollo's Chariot Busch Gardens Williamsburg Bolliger & Mabillard Operating March 27, 1999 170 ft (52 m)
Raging Bull Six Flags Great America Bolliger & Mabillard Operating May 1, 1999 202 ft (62 m)
Ride of Steel Darien Lake Intamin Operating May 15, 1999 197 ft (60 m)
Goliath Six Flags Magic Mountain Giovanola Operating February 11, 2000 235 ft (72 m)
Bizarro Six Flags New England Intamin Operating May 5, 2000 208 ft (63 m)
Superman – Ride of Steel Six Flags America Intamin Operating May 13, 2000 197 ft (60 m)
Millennium Force* Cedar Point Intamin Operating May 13, 2000 310 ft (94 m)
Son of Beast (Wooden) Kings Island Roller Coaster Corporation of America Defunct May 26, 2000 218 ft (66 m)
Steel Dragon 2000* Nagashima Spa Land D. H. Morgan Manufacturing Operating August 1, 2000 318 ft (97 m)
Nitro Six Flags Great Adventure Bolliger & Mabillard Operating April 7, 2001 230 ft (70 m)
Titan Six Flags Over Texas Giovanola Operating April 27, 2001 245 ft (75 m)
Phantom's Revenge Kennywood D. H. Morgan Manufacturing Operating May 19, 2001 160 ft (49 m)
X2 Six Flags Magic Mountain Arrow Dynamics Operating Jan 12, 2002 175 ft (53 m)
Silver Star Europa-Park Bolliger & Mabillard Operating March 23, 2002 239 ft (73 m)
Xcelerator Knott's Berry Farm Intamin Operating June 22, 2002 205 ft (62 m)
Thunder Dolphin Tokyo Dome City Attractions Intamin Operating May 1, 2003 260 ft (80 m)
Top Thrill Dragster**† Cedar Point Intamin Operating May 4, 2003 420 ft (130 m)
Superman el Último Escape Six Flags México Chance Morgan Operating November 19, 2004 219 ft (67 m)
Kingda Ka**† Six Flags Great Adventure Intamin Operating May 21, 2005 456 ft (139 m)
Goliath Six Flags Over Georgia Bolliger & Mabillard Operating April 1, 2006 200 ft (61 m)
Behemoth Canada's Wonderland Bolliger & Mabillard Operating May 4, 2008 230 ft (70 m)
Diamondback Kings Island Bolliger & Mabillard Operating April 18, 2009 230 ft (70 m)
Intimidator Carowinds Bolliger & Mabillard Operating March 27, 2010 232 ft (71 m)
SheiKra Busch Gardens Tampa Bay Bolliger & Mabillard Operating May 21, 2005 200 ft (61 m)
Stealth Thorpe Park Intamin Operating March 15, 2006 205 ft (62 m)
Zaturn Space World Intamin Operating April 29, 2006 205 ft (62 m)
Eejanaika Fuji-Q Highland S&S Worldwide Operating July 19, 2006 249 ft (76 m)
Griffon Busch Gardens Williamsburg Bolliger & Mabillard Operating May 18, 2007 205 ft (62 m)
Diving Coaster Happy Valley Shanghai Bolliger & Mabillard Operating August 16, 2009 213 ft (65 m)
Intimidator 305* Kings Dominion Intamin Operating April 2, 2010 305 ft (93 m)
Wild Eagle Dollywood Bolliger & Mabillard Operating March 23, 2012 210 ft (64 m)
Leviathan* Canada's Wonderland Bolliger & Mabillard Operating April 27, 2012 306 ft (93 m)
Dinoconda China Dinosaurs Park S&S Worldwide Operating April 29, 2012
Shambhala: Expedición al Himalaya PortAventura Bolliger & Mabillard Operating May 12, 2012 249 ft (76 m)
Skyrush Hershey Park Intamin Operating May 26, 2012 212 ft (65 m)
Bullet Coaster Happy Valley Shenzhen S&S Worldwide Operating July 28, 2012 197 ft (60 m)
OCT Thrust SSC1000 Happy Valley Wuhan S&S Worldwide Under Construction 2013 197 ft (60 m)

[14]

* Denotes a hypercoaster that is also a giga coaster (any full circuit coaster over 300 ft).

** Denotes a hypercoaster that is also a strata coaster (any full circuit coaster over 400 ft).

† Denotes a coaster that fits the broad but not the narrow definition of a hypercoaster.

By height[edit]

The following are non-continuous circuit coasters that exceed 200 feet in height or drop, unlike coasters that conform to the hypercoaster "style." However, these shuttle roller coasters are not usually considered hypercoasters.

Name Park Manufacturer Status Opened
Moonsault Scramble Fuji-Q Highland Meisho Amusement Machines Defunct June 24, 1983
Tower of Terror II Dreamworld Intamin Operating 1997
Superman: Escape from Krypton Six Flags Magic Mountain Intamin Operating March 15, 1997
Unknown (formerly Batman & Robin: The Chiller) Beto Carrero World Premier Rides In Storage[15] 1998-2007
Mr. Freeze Six Flags Over Texas Premier Rides Operating April 1998
Mr. Freeze Six Flags St. Louis Premier Rides Operating April 1998
Speed – The Ride Akita Plaza Premier Rides In Storage[16] April 28, 2000 - 2011
Wicked Twister Cedar Point Intamin Operating May 5, 2002
Big Air E-DA Theme Park Vekoma Operating December, 2010

[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hypercoasters". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-12. 
  2. ^ "Millennium Force: The Hypercoaster Rules No More". Thrillride.com. Retrieved 2011-05-12. 
  3. ^ "Hyper Coaster". Coasterforce.com. Retrieved 2011-05-12. 
  4. ^ "Hyper Coaster". Rcdb.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  5. ^ "Mega Coaster". Rcdb.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  6. ^ "Mega Coaster". Rcdb.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  7. ^ "Steel Eel". SeaWorld.com. Retrieved 2011-05-12. 
  8. ^ "CP Mobile". Cedarpoint.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  9. ^ "More Thoughts on Magnum". Cedarpoint.com. Retrieved 2011-05-12. 
  10. ^ "The List: 2006 Top 50 Steel Roller Coasters". Amusement Today. September 2006. p. 26. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 
  11. ^ "The List: 2010 Top 50 Steel Roller Coasters". Amusement Today. September 11, 2010. p. 34. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 
  12. ^ "What's next for Son of Beast? Future of Kings Island roller coaster unclear". Cincinnati.com. 2011-04-23. Retrieved May 14, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Son of Beast roller coaster to be removed to make room for future park expansion". Kings Island. July 27, 2012. Retrieved July 27, 2012. 
  14. ^ a b "Roller Coaster Database". rcdb.com. Retrieved 2011-05-12. 
  15. ^ http://rcdb.com/424.htm
  16. ^ http://rcdb.com/593.htm

External links[edit]