Hyperion (Hölderlin novel)

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This article is about the 1799 novel by Friedrich Hölderlin. For other novels of the same title, see Hyperion (disambiguation)#In literature.
Hyperion or The Hermit in Greece
Holderlin Hyperion First Edition Cover.jpeg
First English Edition Cover
Author Friedrich Hölderlin
Original title Hyperion oder Der Eremit in Griechenland
Translator William Trask
Country Germany
Language German
Genre Epistolary novel
Publisher Friedrich Schiller (magazine serial)
Publication date
1797 (volume one), 1799 (volume two)
Published in English
1965
Media type Print
Pages 169
ISBN ISBN

Hyperion is a novel by Friedrich Hölderlin first published in 1797 (Volume 1) and 1799 (Volume 2). The full title is Hyperion oder Der Eremit in Griechenland (Hyperion or The Hermit in Greece).

The work is composed of letters from Hyperion to his friend Bellarmin, along with a few letters between Hyperion and his love Diotima. It is set in Greece and deals with invisible forces, conflicts, beauty, and hope. The novel deals with young Greeks fighting to gain Greek independence. In a footnote, Hölderlin specifically ties events in the novel dealing with the Russians "bringing a fleet into the Archipelago" in 1770, likely tying the novel's events to the Orlov Revolt.[1]

Both Bellarmin and Diotima would appear in Hölderlin's later poetry.

The work contains the interpolated poem "Hyperions Schicksalslied" (Hyperion's Song of Fate) on which Johannes Brahms composed the Schicksalslied Op.54 between 1869 and 1871.

Italian composer Luigi Nono includes passages from this work in his work Fragmente-Stille, an Diotima for string quartet (1980), as part of the score to be "sung" silently by the performers while playing the piece.

In 1983 the German sculptor Angela Laich created a sculpture she called Hyperion after the main character of the Hölderlin novel.

English translations of Hyperion[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hölderlin, Friedrich; Trans. Willard R. Trask (1965). Hyperion. New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co. p. 106.