Hyperion (horse)

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Hyperion
Hyperion (1930-1960).jpg
Sire Gainsborough
Grandsire Bayardo
Dam Selene
Damsire Chaucer
Sex Stallion
Foaled 1930
Country Great Britain
Colour Chestnut
Breeder Edward Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby
Owner Edward Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby
Trainer 1. George Lambton
Record 13: 9-1-2
Earnings £29,509
Major wins
New Stakes (1932)
Dewhurst Stakes (1932)
Prince of Wales's Stakes (1933)
Chester Vase (1933)
Epsom Derby (1933)
St. Leger Stakes (1933)
Awards
Leading sire in GB & Ireland
(1940, 1941, 1942, 1945, 1946, 1954)
Leading broodmare sire in Britain & Ireland
(1948, 1957, 1967, 1968)
Last updated on 7 January 2007

Hyperion (18 April 1930 – 9 December 1960) was a British bred Thoroughbred, a dual classic winner and an outstanding sire. Owned by Edward Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby, Hyperion won £29,509 during his career - a considerable sum at the time. His victories included the Epsom Derby and St. Leger Stakes. He was the most successful British-bred sire of the 20th century and six times champion sire of Great Britain between 1940 and 1954.[1]

Hyperion was by the wartime Triple Crown winner and good sire Gainsborough and his grandsire was Bayardo. His dam, Selene, was by Chaucer, a talented son of the undefeated St. Simon. Selene was also dam of such good sires as Sickle (sire-line ancestor of Native Dancer and Sea Bird II) Pharamond (US), and Hunter's Moon (Argentina). He was inbred in the third and fourth generation to St. Simon. Hyperion was trained at Newmarket to win his classics by George Lambton.[2]

He was one of the smallest horses to ever win a British Classic but had a good action and beautiful temperament.[3] He stood just 15 hands 1½ inches, with a girth of 68 inches, and measured 7¾ inches below the knee.[2]

Racing career[edit]

At two years[edit]

He was a good two-year-old with two good wins in the New Stakes at Ascot and the Dewhurst Stakes plus a dead-heat in the Prince of Wales Stakes from five starts, earning him eighth place in the Free Handicap.[2]

At three years[edit]

At three years he was undefeated in four starts, winning the Chester Vase, the Epsom Derby, the Prince of Wales Stakes and the St. Leger Stakes.[2]

At four years[edit]

He raced four times also at four years, winning twice, in the March Stakes and Burwell Stakes both contested at Newmarket. In his main race, the Ascot Gold Cup, he was third to Felicitation and Thor. The two and a half miles indicated that he was not a true stayer. In the Dullingham Stakes at Newmarket, only two horses started with three-year-old Caithness carrying 8 st. 1 lb. defeated 10 st. 2 lb. by a short head.[2]

Stud record[edit]

He was retired to stud when he was five years old and became a phenomenal success.

An important stallion, he sired the winners of 752 races, including 53 stakes winners that had 84 stakes wins,[3] and was the leading sire in Great Britain & Ireland six times, counting amongst his progeny:

Hyperion's daughters foaled the winners of 1,196 races and £1,131,346.[3] He was also the damsire of Nearctic, who in turn sired Northern Dancer, the 20th Century's greatest sire.

In Australia and New Zealand, Hyperion's descendants have exerted a profound influence on the racing and breeding industry. This influence was introduced via Hyperion's foreign based sons and also by his imported sons, Empyrean, Helios, High Peak, Red Mars, and Ruthless, as well as paternal grandsons such as Star King later known as the outstanding sire, Star Kingdom.[5]

Lord Derby commissioned equine artist Martin Stainforth to paint a portrait of Hyperion.

A lifesize statue modelled by John Skeaping in bronze of Hyperion, stands at the front of the Jockey Club headquarters on Newmarket High Street. From 2009, his skeleton has been exhibited at the National Horseracing Museum (also in Newmarket), lent by the Animal Health Trust to replace the skeleton of Eclipse (currently undergoing DNA analysis). When Hyperion died, Lord Derby and associates toasted him from a bottle that had been opened in memory of Winston Churchill, and drank to "The two greatest Grand Old Men of our time."[1]

Tabulated pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Hyperion (GB), chestnut stallion, 1930
Sire
Gainsborough
Bay 1915
Bayardo
Bay 1906
Bay Ronald Hampton
Black Duchess
Galicia Galopin
Isoletta
Rosedrop
Br. 1907
St. Frusquin St. Simon
Isabel
Rosaline Trenton (NZ)
Rosalys
Dam
Selene
Bay 1919
Chaucer
Brown 1900
St.Simon Galopin
St.Angela
Canterbury Pilgrim Tristan
Pilgrimage
Serenissima
Bay 1913
Minoru Cyllene
Mother Siegel
Gondolette Loved One
Donogola (Family No. 6)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Randall, John (23 August 1999). "John Randall on the 100 makers of 20th-century racing (Part 4)". The Racing Post. Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Leicester, Sir Charles, “Bloodstock Breeding”, J.A. Allen & Co, London, 1969
  3. ^ a b c Ahnert, Rainer L. (Ed. in Chief), “Thoroughbred Breeding of the World”, Pozdun Publishing, Germany, 1970
  4. ^ "Hyperion - SW progeny". Australian Stud Book. Australian Turf Club Limited and Victoria Racing Club Limited. Retrieved 31 August 2011. 
  5. ^ de Bourg, Ross, “The Australian and New Zealand Thoroughbred”, Nelson, West Melbourne, 1980, ISBN 0-17-005860-3

External links[edit]