|Former type||Test project subsidiary|
Buildings closed, sold, or converted to Wal-Mart
|Products||Food, clothing, footwear, bedding, furniture, jewelry, beauty products, electronics and housewares.|
Hypermart USA was a demonstrator project operated by Wal-Mart in the 1980s and 1990s, which attempted to combine groceries and general merchandise under one roof at a substantial discount. The hypermart concept was modeled after earlier efforts from other retailers, notably French retailer Carrefour, and the Midwestern US retailer Meijer. The Texas stores were operated in partnerships with Cullum Companies, former owner of Tom Thumb supermarkets.
All stores used a floorplan that exceeded 220,000 sq. ft. (20,000 m²). They featured a mini-mall, food court, arcade, bank, and other kiosk operations. The ones in Kansas City and Topeka featured McDonald's, Subway, and Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen in their food courts.
The prototype did not go as well as planned. Wal-Mart was unaccustomed to operating such massive stores, and an economic recession had brought on a decline in retail sales. Although the stores were profitable, sales projections were too optimistic and the company did not anticipate the massive heating and cooling costs, the resistance of customers towards parking and congestion issues.
The first Wal-Mart Supercenter, which used a floorplan in the 125,000 sq ft (11,600 m2) range, was opened in 1988 in Washington, Missouri. As the Supercenter proved to be a much more profitable experiment, Wal-Mart renamed the stores "Wal-Mart's Hypermart USA" in April 1990, and eventually began either converting them to Supercenter operations or closing them.
The Hypermart USA concept was officially discontinued in 2000, when Wal-Mart announced it was converting the Kansas City Hypermart USA into a Wal-Mart Supercenter. The former Kansas City store, then a Supercenter, ultimately closed in January 2007. The original Hypermart in Garland, Texas closed in May 2008, and was replaced by Wal-Mart's first "Hispanic Community" store a few blocks away. The Topeka, Kansas hypermarket, located on Southwest Wanamaker Road, is still open, although its exterior has been remodeled as well as the Arlington, Texas location on S Cooper Street.
Garland, Texas (December 28, 1987)
Poplar Bluff, Missouri
Poplar Bluff, Missouri (January 1988)
Topeka, Kansas (January 1988)
Arlington, Texas (August 1988)
As of 2013, the Arlington, Texas Hypermart is still operating as a Walmart supercenter.
Kansas City, Missouri
The Kansas City, Missouri location opened on February 20, 1990. Located in just northeast of Bannister Mall in the Benjamin Plaza development, the South Kansas City store was the last Hypermart USA to open. It was the largest of the four Hypermart stores at 256,637 sq ft. Described as Wal-mart's "mall without walls," the Kansas City Hypermart included a number of restaurants and specialty outlets in addition to the combination grocery and general merchandise discount store.
- Food court with seating for 200 people, with quick service restaurants including Taco Johns, Corn Dog 7, V's Pasta Parlor, Torre's Pizzera, Oasis (ice cream, shakes, and frozen yogurt), Subway, and McDonald's.
- United Missouri City Bank
- Hypermart Pharmacy
- Alladins Castle, arcade
- Cost Cutters, family hair salon
- Family Vision Center
- Travel Center Ltd.
- Hearing Today Laboratory
- 1-Hour Photo-Mart
- American Studios, Inc, portrait studio
- HyperSound and Video
In May 2000, Wal-Mart announced it would spend $4.9 million to convert the Kansas City Hypermart USA to a Wal-Mart Supercenter. Wal-mart indicated that it was converting its last remaining Hypermart, because the stores were too big and too inconvenient for customers. Wal-mart explained that the effort offer everything under one roof was more of a European style of retail, and it was overwhelming to the American shopper. Kansas City Councilman Chuck Eddy claimed that there were other reasons for the failure of the Kansas City Hypermart. Eddy cited a high volume of complaints from residents about the store, including time-consuming lines at checkout counters, trash and runaway carts in the parking lot, dirty restrooms, and overall messy conditions and poor management. Wal-mart wanted to build a new Supercenter store in South Kansas City on State Line Road near 135th Street, so city leaders pressured Wal-Mart to make improvements to the conditions of the Hypermart location before they would be given approval to move forward with the new South Kansas City store. At the time, Wal-Mart said it would cost almost $5 million to renovate the 270,000 sq ft (25,000 m2) Hypermart store. Wal-mart moved forward with the renovation and conversion of the Hypermart store, along with bringing in new management to address the concerns of poor management at the store. In 2006, Wal-mart began construction on a new Wal-Mart Supercenter on the site of the former Blue Ridge Mall. The new Supercenter was to be the first of Wal-mart's new "high-efficiency" stores. As a result of the new Supercenters on State Line Road and the former Blue Ridge Mall site, along with declining business and a growing number of retail closings in Bannister Mall and Benjamin Plaza, Wal-mart announced that it would close former Hypermart store in mid-January 2007. The 400 employees were offered jobs at the new Blue Ridge store and other area Wal-Mart stores.
- "Walmart". Flickr.
- "Walmart Supercenter - Topeka". Walmart Stores, Inc.
- "Walmart Supercenter - Arlington". Walmart Stores, Inc.
- "Benjamin Plaza - Introducing Hypermart USA". The Kansas City Star. March 1, 1990. pE1-E6
- "Changes at Hypermart should help customers". The Kansas City Star. June 14, 2000. p2
- "Plan for Wal-Mart superstore stirs fight". The Kansas City Star. March 22, 2000. p1
- "South KC Wal-Mart Supercenter will close". Kansas City Business Journal. August 28, 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-25.