Hypertufa

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Hypertufa planters

Hypertufa is an anthropic rock made from various aggregates bonded together using Portland cement.

Hypertufa is intended as a manufactured substitute for natural tufa, which is a slowly precipitated limestone rock; being very porous, it is favorable for plant growth.

Hypertufa is popular for making garden ornaments, pots and land forms. Hypertufa is relatively light compared with terracotta or traditional concrete and can withstand harsh winters, at least down to −30 °C (−22 °F).

Hypertufa was invented for use in alpine gardens. Alpine gardeners formerly used antique animal watering troughs, which became rare and expensive.

Composition[edit]

A hand-shaped planter made of hypertufa.

Aggregates are generally Sphagnum (peat moss), sand, and perlite or vermiculite.[1] Hypertufa made with the classic proportions for mortar (1 part cement: 3 parts aggregate) has a composition of

or 3 parts cement: 9 parts aggregate[2]

To increase structural strength and longevity, polymer fibers, liquid acrylic,[2] and fiberglass[3] may be incorporated into the mixture, along with various grades of sand, pebbles, and crushed rock which add to the final object's overall strength and stone-like appearance though they increase its weight. Powdered concrete dyes (in small amounts) also tint the hypertufa to resemble natural rock.[2]

Manufacture[edit]

After water is added to the mixture, it is packed into a previously constructed mold, then sealed or covered in plastic and allowed to cure for up to two months. The object may be temporarily removed from its wrapping after 24 hours for trimming and/or distressing, after which it is re-wrapped. After the hypertufa object is completely cured, it is removed from the plastic, rinsed thoroughly, and allowed to sit exposed to the elements for several more weeks to reduce its otherwise-toxic surface alkalinity. It can then be used to hold plants.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Calhoun, Scott; Lynn Hassler (2009). Hot Pots: Container Gardening in the Arid Southwest. Rio Nuevo Publishers. p. 19. ISBN 978-1-933855-39-4. 
  2. ^ a b c Fingerut, Joyce (2003). Mary Jane McGary; North American Rock Garden Society, ed. Rock Garden Design and Construction. Timber Press. pp. 159–160. ISBN 978-0-88192-583-8. 
  3. ^ Building Garden Ornaments: 24 Do-It-Yourself Projects to Accent Any Setting. Creative Publishing International. 2000. p. 102. ISBN 978-0-86573-590-3. 
  4. ^ The editors of Creative Publishing international (2003). The Complete Guide to Finishing Touches for Yards & Gardens (Illustrated ed.). Creative. p. 183. ISBN 1-58923-144-9. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]