|Stylistic origins||West Coast hip hop, techno, G-funk|
|Cultural origins||Late 1990s, San Francisco Bay Area, California, United States|
|Typical instruments||Sampler - Bass - Drums - Keyboard - Turntables - Rapping|
|Hip hop music - History of hip hop music - Timeline of hip hop|
|Look up hyphy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
The word hyphy (pron.: // HY-fee) is a short word meaning "hyperactive." It was created by Bay Area rapper Keak da Sneak when he used the term on an album he recorded in 1994. Hyphy is a style of music and dance associated with Oakland Bay Area hip hop culture. The culture began to emerge in the late 1990s and early 2000s as a response from Bay Area rappers against commercial hip hop for not acknowledging the Bay for setting trends in the hip hop industry. The term is said to be a combination of the words "hyper" and "fly"[who?]. It is distinguished by gritty, pounding rhythms, and in this sense can be associated with the Bay as crunk music is to the South. An individual is said to "get hyphy" when they dance in an overstated, fast paced and ridiculous manner, or if they get overly loud with other people.
Although the "hyphy movement" has just recently seen light in mainstream America, it has been a long standing and ever evolving culture in the Bay Area since the early 90s. Throughout the Bay Area (particularly in East Oakland), there are regularly events called "sideshows". This is where different people come together and partake in or watch illegal automobile performances. This is where drivers do things such as donuts, ghost-riding and streetrace while others dance and "go dumb" around them. These events can be very dangerous. From a USA Today article: "Every record label was getting at us at that time, but we fumbled the ball," says E-40, whose My Ghetto Report Card entered the Billboard album chart at No. 3 in March. "I hung on like a hubcap in the fast lane along with a few other rappers, and now it's time again. We had a 10-year drought and they went to other regions and were bypassing us like the sand out here. But we're trendsetters, and the rap game without the Bay Area is like old folks without bingo."
The phrase "to get hyphy" is similar to the southern phrase "to get crunk" but without the drug and alcohol references (although marijuana and alcohol are glorified in many hyphy tracks). Those who consider themselves part of the hyphy movement strive for this behavior. "Hyphy" is taken as a form of pride. Hyphy as an adjective, "the hyphy movement" is a cultural term: regional slang that refers to the dance itself as well as party atmosphere, lifestyle, and independent Bay Area music referred to as hyphy music.
Hyphy artists 
- Mac Dre
- Keak da Sneak
- Too Short
- Mistah F.A.B.
- Lil B
- The Pack
- The Federation
- The Team
- Lil Debbie
- Turf Talk
- Roach Gigz
- Clyde Carson
- Antonio Sanchez
See also 
Notes and references 
- Collins, Hattie (2006-10-21). "Ghostridin' the whip". The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-11-12. "Known as Hyphy and hailing from Oakland's Bay Area, the synth-led staccato beats represent a culture that encompasses cars, clothing, slanguage, graffiti and dances like 'going dumb' and 'ghostridin' the whip'... Deriving from the word 'hyperactive,' or referring to the act of 'getting hyped,' getting excited and rowdy, Hyphy is over 10 years old and was first coined on record by Bay legend Keak da Sneak. While it may be far from fledgling, it's new to mainstream music ears and thanks to artists like The Pack, Mistah Fab, E-40, and the late Mac Dre, it's about the most exciting offshoot seen in rap since crunk."
- Bennet, Dustin (March 3, 2008). "Livin' the Life, Hyphy Style". Synthesis.net (Synthesis Network). Retrieved 2009-09-05.[dead link]
- Burke, Garance (2006-12-29). "Hip-Hop Car Stunt Leaves 2 Dead". Associated Press. Retrieved 2007-11-12. "Hyphy was born in the cities of Oakland, Richmond, and Vallejo in the late 1990s... The movement started in the '90s and gained momentum in the early 2000s as a response from Bay Area rappers to commercial hip-hop's ignoring of the Bay's influence."
- According to his comments in the July 2006 issue of Vibe magazine, Keak Da Sneak was the first to use the word "haipy" on record on 3X Crazy's "Stacking Chips" in 1997. On MTV's "My Block: The Bay" he explains how the word evolved from hyper, to super hyper, to hyfee. If someone was hyphy, they were reacting spontaneously to the music. Alternately, it is based heavily around partying and having as much of a good a time as possible. In an interview on the bay Area hip-hop station KMEL, the definition of hyphy in the early days meant that something wild was going to go down such as a fight or some other form of violence.
- Rosen, Jody (2007-02-13). "Why hyphy is the best hip-hop right now.". Slate. Retrieved 2007-11-12. "... the Bay Area biggest hip-hop genre known as hyphy (pronounced "hi-fee"), in which stewiness, maininess, dumbness are everything: the means and ends, the sun and moon and stars..."