|Hypochaeris radicata (Anacortes Community Forest Lands, Washington)|
Hypochaeris radicata (sometimes spelled Hypochoeris radicata), also known as catsear, flatweed, cat's ear or false dandelion, is a perennial, low-lying edible herb often found in lawns. The plant is native to Europe, but has also been introduced to the Americas, Japan, Australia and New Zealand where it can be an invasive weed. It is listed as a noxious weed in Washington State, USA.
The leaves, which may grow up to eight inches, are lobed and covered in fine hairs, forming a low-lying rosette around a central taproot. Forked stems carry bright yellow flower heads, and when mature these form seeds attached to windborne "parachutes". All parts of the plant exude a milky sap when cut.
Etymology and differences from dandelions
The plant is also known as false dandelion, as it is commonly mistaken for true dandelions. Both plants carry similar flowers which form windborne seeds. However, catsear flowering stems are forked and solid, whereas dandelions possess unforked stems that are hollow. Both plants have a rosette of leaves and a central taproot. The leaves of dandelions are jagged in appearance, whereas those of catsear are more lobe-shaped and hairy. Both plants have similar uses.
All parts of the catsear plant are edible; however, the leaves and roots are those most often harvested. The leaves are bland in taste but can be eaten raw in salads, steamed, or used in stir-fries. Older leaves can become tough and fibrous, but younger leaves are suitable for consumption. In contrast to the edible leaves of dandelion, catsear leaves only rarely have some bitterness. In Crete, Greece, the leaves of a variety called pachies (παχιές) or agrioradika (αγριοράδικα) are eaten boiled or cooked in steam by the locals.
The root can be roasted and ground to form a coffee substitute.
- USDA Plants Database
- Low, Tim. Wild Herbs of Australia and New Zealand. Rev. ed. Angus and Robertson, 1991. ISBN 0-207-17001-0.
- Oregon State University - Plants Poisonous to Livestock and Horses[dead link]
- "Factsheet - Hypochoeris radicata". Iewf.org. Retrieved 2010-09-15.
- "Glenvale Publications - Golf and Sports Turf Magazine". Golfandsportsturf.com.au. Retrieved 2010-09-15.
- "The Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board - Catsear".
- Kleonikos G. Stavridakis , Κλεόνικος Γ. Σταυριδάκης (2006). Wild edible plants of Crete - Η Άγρια βρώσιμη χλωρίδα της Κρήτης. Rethymnon Crete. ISBN 960-631-179-1.
- John Kohnke. "Australian stringhalt". South East Victoria Equine Network.
- *"Merck Veterinary Manual - Stringhalt".
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