The word was defined by the French theorist Gérard Genette as follows "Hypertextuality refers to any relationship uniting a text B (which I shall call the hypertext) to an earlier text A (I shall, of course, call it the hypotext), upon which it is grafted in a manner that is not that of commentary."
So, a hypertext derives from hypotext(s) through a process which Genette calls transformation, in which text B "evokes" text A without necessarily mentioning it directly. Hypotext may of course become original text in its own right.
- Martin, Bronwen (2006). Key Terms in Semiotics. Continuum. p. 100. ISBN 0-8264-8456-5. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- Genette, Gérard (1997). Palimpsests: Literature in the Second Degree. U of Nebraska Press. p. 5.
- Allen, Graham (2013). The New Critical Idiom. Ch 3: Hypertextuality.: Routledge.
- Adamczewski, Bartosz (2010). Q Or Not Q?: The So-Called Triple, Double, and Single Traditions in the Synoptic Gospels. Peter Lang. p. 269.
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