Hypoxylon

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Hypoxylon
Hypoxylon sp.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Euascomycotina
Subclass: Pyrenomycetes
Order: Xylariales
Family: Xylariaceae
Genus: Hypoxylon
Bull.
Type species
Hypoxylon coccineum
Bull.
Species

Species include:

Hypoxylon is a genus of Ascomycetes commonly found on dead wood, and usually one of the earliest species to colonise dead wood. A common European species is Hypoxylon fragiforme which is particular common on dead trunks of beech.

Based on morphological studies and gene sequence analyses, 27 species formerly assigned to Hypoxylon sect. Annulata were reassigned to a new genus called Annulohypoxylon in 2005.[1]

Use in the cultivation of Tremella fuciformis[edit]

Some species in the Hypoxylon genus may be used in the cultivation of Tremella fuciformis, one of the foremost medicinal and culinary fungi of China and Taiwan.[2]

Tremella fuciformis is a parasitic yeast that does not form an edible fruitbody without parasitizing another fungus.[2] Its preferred host, formerly known as Hypoxylon archeri,[2] was moved to the closely related genus Annulohypoxylon and is now known as Annulohypoxylon archeri.[1] Cultivators usually pair cultures of Tremella fuciformis with this species, but mushroom cultivation books written before the new genus was created suggest other Hypoxylon species may be used.[2]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hsieh, Huei-Mei; Ju, Yu-Ming; Rogers, Jack D. (July–August 2005). "Molecular phylogeny of Hypoxylon and closely related genera". In Natvig, Don. Mycologia (Lawrence, Kansas, USA: The Mycological Society of America) 97 (4): 844–865. doi:10.3852/mycologia.97.4.844. ISSN 1557-2536. PMID 16457354. Print ISSN: 0027-5514. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d Stamets, Paul (2000). "Chapter 21: Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species". Growing gourmet and medicinal mushrooms = [Shokuyo oyobi yakuyo kinoko no sabai] (3rd ed.). Berkeley, California, USA: Ten Speed Press. pp. 402–405. ISBN 978-1-58008-175-7. 

External links[edit]