Hyundai Stellar

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Hyundai Stellar
Hyundai Stellar 2.0 Prima 1988.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Hyundai Motor Company
Production 1983–1997
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size
Related Ford Cortina
Ford Taunus
Powertrain
Engine 1.4 L Mitsubishi 4G33 I4
1.6 L Mitsubishi 4G32 I4
2.0 L Mitsubishi 4G63 I4
Transmission 5-speed Mitsubishi KM119 manual
3-speed Borg-Warner 03-55L automatic
4-speed Borg-Warner 03-71 automatic with overdrive (1987 only)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,579 mm (101.5 in)
Length 4,556 mm (179.3 in)
Width 1,716 mm (67.6 in)
Height 1,372 mm (54.0 in)
Curb weight 1,000 kg (2204 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Ford Cortina
Successor Hyundai Sonata (Canada)
Hyundai Elantra (South Korea)

The Hyundai Stellar (Hangul: 현대 스텔라) was a mid-size rear-wheel drive automobile that was produced by the Hyundai Motor Company. The Stellar was launched in July 1983. The Stellar was designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro, but the chassis from the Cortina Mk V was kept.

Technology[edit]

1985 Hyundai Stellar
1986 Hyundai Stellar with larger bumpers (Europe).
1987 Hyundai Stellar CXL (Canada)
1989 GSL exported to Sri Lanka

The engine and transmission were licensed from Mitsubishi Motors. Engines available were 1.4 L (4G33) and 1.6 L (4G32) inline-fours until 1986 (same as the Hyundai Pony, using either a KM119 5-speed manual or a Borg-Warner 03-55L 3-speed automatic) and a 2.0 L engine for 1987. Trim levels included L (base), GL/CL, and GSL/CXL. The GSL/CXL featured power windows, locks and mirrors; remote fuel door, remote trunk, premium sound system, full instrumentation (speed, tach, fuel, water temp, volts, and oil pressure) and available air conditioning, a rather surprising list of features for the year and type of car. The Stellar's Ford genes and conventional design led many British observers to compare it with the then recently retired Cortina - where conservative buyers were scared off by the Sierra's radical styling.[1] Like the Cortina, the Stellar also has wishbone suspension up front with a coil sprung live rear axle.[1]

For 1987, the Stellar II (Or Stellar 2.0 in Canada) was refreshed. Changes included a 2-way catalytic converter, new instrument cluster, larger 2.0 L Mitsubishi 4G63 engine (SOHC with eight valves) with a feedback two-barrel carburetor, higher output alternator, larger headlights and restyled taillights. The front double wishbone suspension was changed to a MacPherson strut design, along with larger brake calipers, as well as a two-piece driveshaft. The Stellar had the option of riding on several types of aluminum alloy wheels, and was equipped standard with Michelin all-season tires (Canada). Also that year, an automatic transmission (Borg Warner 03-71) with overdrive was available as an option. In the domestic Korean market, this was the first of their cars to be sold as the Sonata.

The Stellar was not available in the United States due to strict emission standards there, but it was available in Canada and other countries. In addition, the Stellar was the only four-cylinder powered mainstream rear-wheel drive sedan, replacing the Toyota Corolla (which shifted to front-wheel drive) in 1984. The Stellar was replaced in Canada by the Hyundai New Sonata for 1992. In the Korean domestic market, the lower end of the Stellar lineup can be considered as having been replaced by the Elantra. The Stellar (along with the Pony) would be Hyundai's last rear-wheel drive cars for North America until the 2009 Genesis.

Lineup[edit]

  • Prima (1983~1986)
  • TX (1983~1992)
  • FX (1983~1986)
  • GX (1987~1992)
  • GSL (1983~1986)
  • SL (1983~1986)
  • CXL (Canada Export Limited, 1984~1987)
  • Apex (1987)
  • GXL (1987~1991)

Major specifications[edit]

  • Overall length: 4556 mm (179.3 in)
  • Overall width: 1716 mm (67.6 in)
  • Overall height: 1372 mm (54.0 in)
  • Wheelbase: 2579 mm (101.5 in)
  • Front track: 1445 mm (56.89 in)
  • Rear track: 1425 mm (56.10 in)
  • Curb weight: 1000 kg (2204 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1475 kg (3251 lb)
  • Wheel dimensions: 13 x 4.5 in or 13 x 5.5 in
  • Steering type: Rack and pinion
  • Front brakes: Disc
  • Rear brakes: Drum

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Green, Gavin (September 1984). "Hyundai right Cortina wrongs". In Cropley, Steve. Car (London, UK: FF Publishing): 91–92.