Hyvinkää

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Hyvinkää
Municipality and town
Hyvinkään kaupunki
Ahjo building from 1935 in central Hyvinkää. The church of Hyvinkää in the background.
Ahjo building from 1935 in central Hyvinkää. The church of Hyvinkää in the background.
Coat of arms of Hyvinkää
Coat of arms
Location of Hyvinkää in Finland
Location of Hyvinkää in Finland
Coordinates: 60°38′N 024°51′E / 60.633°N 24.850°E / 60.633; 24.850Coordinates: 60°38′N 024°51′E / 60.633°N 24.850°E / 60.633; 24.850
Country Finland
Region Uusimaa
Sub-region Helsinki sub-region
Charter 1917
City rights 1960
Government
 • Town manager Raimo Lahti
Area (2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 336.76 km2 (130.02 sq mi)
 • Land 322.62 km2 (124.56 sq mi)
 • Water 14.14 km2 (5.46 sq mi)
Area rank 269th largest in Finland
Population (2014-01-31)[2]
 • Total 45,749
 • Rank 23rd largest in Finland
 • Density 141.8/km2 (367/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish 95.9% (official)
 • Swedish 0.8%
 • Others 3.4%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 17.8%
 • 15 to 64 66.9%
 • 65 or older 15.3%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 19.25%
Website www.hyvinkaa.fi

Hyvinkää (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈhyʋiŋkæː]; Swedish: Hyvinge) is a town and municipality of Finland. It is located in the Uusimaa region, approximately 50 kilometres (30 mi) north of the capital Helsinki. The town was chartered in 1960. Hyvinkää belongs to the Province of Southern Finland. The population of Hyvinkää is 45,749 (31 January 2014).[2]

Highways and rail connections make it one of the suburban commuter centers of Greater Helsinki. The city planning has had an emphasis on recreational facilities, acknowledging that the modest city center cannot compete with the shops and boutiques of the capital.

Some of the more well-known buildings in Hyvinkää are, among others, the Church (1961, Aarno Ruusuvuori) of Hyvinkää and the manor house of Kytäjä. The Finnish Railway Museum is located in Hyvinkää.

Hyvinkää is also home to Konecranes, which specializes in the manufacture and service of cranes, and KONE Elevators, the world's third-largest elevator company who manufacture, install and service elevators and escalators.

The workshop of Ruokangas Guitars, the leading Finnish electric guitar maker, is located at Wanha Villatehdas, Hyvinkää.

Hyvinkää is known among Scandinavian golf enthusiasts due to Kytäjä golf, located at the countryside of Hyvinkää. It offers two courses designed by Tom McBroom: South East Course opened in August 2003, and North West Course in August 2004.

History[edit]

A painstakingly restored British "Neilson and Company" engine, used in Finland from 1869 well into the 1920s, preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum

In the 16th century there was a tavern in the area now known as Hyvinkäänkylä, which lies approximately half-way between Helsinki and Hämeenlinna. The first tax catalogues also marked the existence of some houses in the area around the same time.

Hyvinkää village gradually grew in the latter half of the 19th century, though it was the construction of the railway network through Finland, beginning in 1861, that marked the starting point for the town's rapid growth.

The construction of Finland's first stretch of railroad, the Helsinki–Hämeenlinna line, determined the location of the present city centre and the railway station of Hyvinkää is one of the few original stations still in use. From Hyvinkää the railway also branches off to the port of Hanko. The Hanko–Hyvinkää Railroad was the first private railroad in Finland, founded in 1872, and acquired by the Finnish State RR Co. in 1875. In the early 20th century, the station village in Hyvinkää was an intermediate stopping point for many emigrants leaving by ship from Hanko for a new life in North America.

The air quality of Hyvinkää was considered healthy due to dense pine forests, and in the 1880s a group of physicians from Helsinki opened a sanatorium for patients seeking rest and recuperation.

Industrialization brought a wool factory to Hyvinkää in 1892 – the Donner family's Hyvinge Yllespinneri. The factory ceased operation in the 1990s, but the red-brick halls still remain. The building has found several new uses, including an exhibition centre and a theater.

Hyvinkää Airfield served as the country's main airport for a short time after the second World War while Helsinki-Malmi Airport was under the control of the Allied Powers. There is now a motorsports centre near the airfield.

Politics[edit]

Results of the Finnish parliamentary election, 2011 in Hyvinkää:

People from Hyvinkää[edit]

Public services[edit]

Health care[edit]

There are three health care centers in Hyvinkää. Hyvinkää hospital is one of largest general hospitals in Finland. The emergency unit services 24 hours in day.

Education[edit]

There are twenty primary schools in Hyvinkää: Anttila school (grades 1-2), Asema school (and the English classes of Hyvinkää), Hakala school, Hyvinkäänkylä school, Hämeenkadun school, Härkävehmaa school (grades 3–9), Kaukas school, Kytäjä school, Martti school, Noppo school, Paavola school, Pohjoispuisto school (grades 7–9), Puolimatka school (grades 1–9), Ridasjärvi school, Svenska skolan i Hyvinge, Talvisilta school (Grades 1-2), Tapainlinna school (Grades 1–9), Uusinkylä school and Vehkojan school (grades 3–9).

There are two high schools in Hyvinkää; Hyvinkään Yhteiskoulun Lukio and Sveitsi Lukio.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Hyvinkää railway station, the oldest building in the city centre.

Hyvinkää is an important railway city, located on the primary rail route in southern Finland. Station building is one of the original Helsinki-Hämeenlinna railway stations in original use. The city is also home to the Finnish Railway Museum and a VR maintenance area. Hyvinkää also has another railway line, the Hyvinkää-Karjaa railway towards Hanko (founded in 8.10.1873). Passenger traffic between Hyvinkää and Karjaa ended in September 1983, but the railway is still in use by VR Cargo.

Airfield[edit]

Hyvinkää airfield was the main airport of Finland in 1944-1947, when Helsinki-Malmi Airport was in use by the Allied Commission. Finnair used Hyvinkää as a major hub. Finnair's DC-3-pilots trained to fly at Hyvinkää airfield in 1948.[citation needed]

Jukolan Pilotit, Mäntsälän Ilmailukerho and Hyvinkään ilmailukerho operate from the airfield.

Buses[edit]

The Local bus service is operated by Hyvinkään Liikenne. There are six local bus lines.

Sports[edit]

Hyvinkää has a large variety of sports. Hyvinkään Tahko plays Pesäpallo, the Finnish version of baseball at men's top league, Superpesis. Hyvinkää Falcons plays american football in nation's second level in both men's and women's league system. Hyvinkään Palloseura or HyPS plays football in the fourth division in men's and in the fifth division in women's football. Hyvinkää has three men's ice hockey teams of which Hoki Klupi Hyvinkää plays in the fourth division and Hyvinkää Bruins and Hyvinkää Storm in the fifth division. In basketball Hyvinkään Ponteva plays in men's third division and in women's second division.

Festivals[edit]

In the Summer, there is an annual beer festival which attracts rock bands from Scandinavia and about 10,000 visitors.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Hyvinkää is twinned with:

Projects[edit]

The educational department takes part in Lifelong Learning Programme 2007–2013 in Finland.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.1.2014" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 

External links[edit]