Palace in the town
|• Mayor||Adam Mieczysław Gliniak|
|• Total||9.11 km2 (3.52 sq mi)|
|Elevation||125 m (410 ft)|
|• Density||440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Iłowa [iˈwɔva] (German: Halbau) is a town in Żagań County, Lubusz Voivodeship, Poland, the administrative seat of the Gmina Iłowa. It lies in the Polish part of the Upper Lusatia region at the Czerna Mała river, a tributary to the Bóbr, just south of the future A18 motorway.
The settlement was mentioned in a 1356 deed by the King of Bohemia and Emperor Charles IV of Luxembourg, when he granted das halbe Dorf an der Czirne (half the village at the Czerna) at the border with the Silesian duchy of Żagań to the Kottwitz noble family. Mining and smelting of bog iron in the area is documented since the 15th century. The Kottwitz had a castle built here, that nevertheless became a notorious robber baron stronghold and thus was destroyed by armed forces of the City of Görlitz in 1440.
According to an annex to the 1635 Peace of Prague Iłowa together with Upper Lusatia passed from Bohemia to Elector John George I of Saxony. Under the rule of his successor Elector John George II a Protestant church was built and the settlement received town privileges in 1679. In 1815 Iłowa became part of the Prussian province of Silesia and finally belongs to Poland since 1945.
- Friedrich Boser (1811–1881), artist
Twin towns — Sister cities
Iłowa is twinned with:
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