I'll Be Back (song)
|"I'll Be Back"|
|Song by the Beatles from the album A Hard Day's Night|
|Released||10 June 1964 (mono)
10 July 1964 (stereo)
|Recorded||1 June 1964,
EMI Studios, London
|A Hard Day's Night track listing|
"I'll Be Back" is primarily a John Lennon composition credited to Lennon–McCartney, and recorded by the Beatles for the soundtrack LP to their film A Hard Day's Night. This song was not released in North America until Beatles '65 some five months on.
According to music critic Ian MacDonald, John Lennon created the song based on the chords of Del Shannon's "Runaway" which had been a UK hit in April 1961. Author Bill Harry wrote: "He [Lennon] just reworked the chords of the Shannon number and came up with a completely different song".
With its poignant lyric and flamenco style acoustic guitars, "I'll Be Back" possesses a tragic air. Unusually for a pop song it oscillates between major and minor keys, appears to have two different bridges and completely lacks a chorus. The fade-out ending is unexpectedly sudden, seeming to arrive half a verse prematurely.
Producer George Martin preferred to open and close Beatles albums (and sides) using dominant material. He wrote: "Another principle of mine when assembling an album was always to go out on a side strongly, placing the weaker material towards the end but then going out with a bang". With this in mind, "I'll Be Back", with its subdued perspective, could be considered an unexpected choice as the album closer. Author Ian MacDonald pointed out: "Fading away in tonal ambiguity at the end of A Hard Day’s Night, it was a surprisingly downbeat farewell and a token of coming maturity". Music journalist Robert Sandall wrote in Mojo Magazine: "'I'll Be Back' was the early Beatles at their most prophetic. This grasp of how to colour arrangements in darker or more muted tones foreshadowed an inner journey they eventually undertook in three albums' time, on Rubber Soul".
The Beatles recorded "I'll Be Back" in 16 takes on 1 June 1964. The first nine were of the rhythm track, and the last seven were overdubs of the lead and harmony vocals, and a guitar overdub by Paul McCartney.
The Anthology 1 CD includes take two of "I'll Be Back", performed in 6/8 time. The recording broke down when Lennon fumbled over the words in the bridge, complaining on the take that "it's too hard to sing." The subsequent take, also included on Anthology, was performed in the 4/4 time used in the final take.
- John Lennon – double-tracked vocal, acoustic rhythm guitar
- Paul McCartney – harmony vocal, bass
- George Harrison – harmony vocal, classical acoustic guitar, acoustic guitar
- Ringo Starr – drums
MacDonald was unsure if Harrison sang a harmony vocal part.
- Cliff Richard included his cover of the song on his 1967 album Don't Stop Me Now !
- Reggae band The Paragons released a version titled "I Want to Go Back" on their 1967 album On the Beach.
- Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass included it on the album The Brass Are Comin' (1969).
- "I'll Be Back" was one of the eight Beatles songs covered by Stars on 45 on their medley "Stars on 45", which went to No.1 on the US Billboard Hot 100 in June 1981.
- UB40 released a reggae version on their 2008 album TwentyFourSeven.
- Elliott Smith recorded a version of the song during sessions for From a Basement on the Hill.
- Shawn Colvin recorded the song for Polaroids: A Greatest Hits Collection in 2004.
- Johnny Rivers covered it for his 2004 album Reinvention Highway.
- Harry, Bill (2000). The Beatles Encyclopedia: Revised and Updated. London: Virgin Publishing. ISBN 0-7535-0481-2.
- "I'll Be Back". The Beatles Bible. 2008. Retrieved 22 October 2008.
- "...exactly.". CD Baby. Retrieved 14 February 2010.
- MacDonald, Ian (2005). Revolution in the Head: The Beatles' Records and the Sixties (Second Revised ed.). London: Pimlico (Rand). ISBN 1-84413-828-3.
- Martin, George. Summer of Love.
- MoJo Special Limited Edition: 1000 days of Beatlemania. EMAP Metro Limited. 2002.